Presentation on theme: "Apparent contradictions in the Bible"— Presentation transcript:
1Apparent contradictions in the Bible A common criticism of unbelievers is the claim that the Bible contains “tons” of contradictions and the Bible can’t be taken seriously. This talk will help you answer their criticism.
2“Contradiction” Example 1 Luke 18:35, Luke 19:1And as He came near Jericho, it happened that a certain blind man sat by the roadside begging....And going in, He passed through Jericho.Matthew 20:29And as they departed from Jericho, a great crowd followed Him. And behold, two blind men were sitting by the wayside.So does Luke and Matthew contradict each other, not once, but twice ???
3“Contradiction” Example 2 You need to look at the King James VersionAct 9:7And the men who journeyed with him (Paul) stood speechless, indeed hearing a voice but seeing no one.Act 22:9And they who were with me indeed saw the light and were afraid. But they did not hear the voice of Him who spoke to me.What weird of this “contradiction” is it is written by the same author !?
4What is a contradiction A thing cannot be both A and non-A at the same time, in the same place, and in the same manner.Example:It cannot be both raining and not raining at the same time in the same location.two statements can differ from each other without being contradictoryI saw John in the mall yesterdayI saw James in the mall yesterdayNot a contradiction: I saw both John and James !!!
5Complementary statement Are statements whose sum of information is greater than any one of them aloneExample:Luke 18:35: a certain blind man sat by the roadside beggingMat 20:29: two blind men were sitting by the waysideMatthew 20:29 complements Luke 18:35.Perhaps there were 2 blind men, one of them was begging.
6Common sources of "contradictions" Complementary accounts that are not contradictory (we just saw an example)Difference in Author's perspectiveUnclear (poor) translation from Hebrew or Greek into EnglishDifference of language usages in Jesus' daysCopy errors (that did NOT change the meaning of the text)
7Example complementary “contradictions” Who discovered the empty tomb ?Matthew 28:1 -- But late in the week, at the dawning into the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.Mark 16:1 -- And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene and Mary, the mother of James and Salome, had bought sweet spices so that they might come and anoint Him.Luke 24:10 -- It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and the rest with them, who told these things to the apostles.John 20:1 -- The first of the sabbaths Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, darkness still being on it, and she saw the stone taken away from the tomb.
8Example complementary “contradictions” How many times did the rooster crow ?Matthew 26:34 - Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you that this night, before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times”Luke 22:34 - Then He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me” .John 13:38 - Jesus answered him… “Most assuredly, I say to you, the rooster shall not crow till you have denied Me three times”Mark 14:30 - "Assuredly, I say to you that today, even this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times"Matthew, Luke and John did not say only once !
9Example complementary “contradictions” How did Judas die ?Matthew 27:5 -- And he (Judas) threw the pieces of silver down in the temple and departed. And he (Judas) went and hanged himself.Act 1:18 Indeed, then, this one (Judas) purchased a field with the reward of unrighteousness. And falling headlong, he burst apart in the middle, and all his bowels gushed out.Acts did not say that Judas did not hang himselfJudas could have felt headlong from his suicide hanging position
10“Contradictions" by author's perspectives Luke 18:35-19:1 reported that Jesus went into JerichoMatthew 20:29-30 said that Jesus went out of Jericho.Cities in the ancient days are often destroyed by wars and re-established in a different location - near a water supply, or a new road.Jericho was established (and found) in at least 4 different locations
11“Contradictions" by author's perspectives When was Jesus crucified ?Mark 15:25 -- And it was the third hour, and they crucified Him.John 19:14 -- And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he (Pilate) said to the Jews, Behold your king! But they cried out, Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!How can Jesus stand trial in front of Pilate at about the 6th hour when Jesus was crucified earlier at the 3rd hour ???Or maybe the Romans had a time-machine ???
12Time travel explained...Jews reckoned the day starting at sun rise (6 AM = first hour of the day).Julius Caesar imposed the Julian Calendar in 40 B.C. and the first hour is midnightMark 15:25: (Jewish time reckoning)And it was the third hour (9 A.M.), and they crucified Him.John 19:14: (John wrote later in Roman city)And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour (6 A.M.). And he (Pilate) said to the Jews, Behold your king! But they cried out, Away with him! …Crucify him!
13“Contradictions" by author's perspectives Who was Joseph’s father ?Mat 1:13-16: … and Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob. And Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband to be of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.Luke 3:23-26: And Jesus Himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) son of Joseph, son of of Heli, son of of MatthatIs this a real contradiction in the Bible ?
14Two different fathers explained If you read Luke in the original Greek language, you will see that Luke uses the word “the” in every case, except for Joseph:Luke 3: And Jesus Himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) son of (no “the”) Joseph, “the” Heli, “the” Matthat, “the” Levi, “the” Melchi, …The Talmud (writings by Jewish Rabbis) records the fact that Mary was the daughter of HeliThe common explanation is Luke was tracing Mary descendent tree (Mary, daughter of Heli, son of Matthat, and so on)Also, from the writings in Luke’s gospel, it seems that Luke has interviewed Mary extensively
15“Contradictions” caused by translation King James Version:Acts 9:7 -- And the men who journeyed with him (Paul) stood speechless, indeed hearing a voice but seeing no one.Acts 22:9 -- And they who were with me indeed saw the light and were afraid. But they did not hear the voice of Him who spoke to me.NIV:Acts 9:7 -- … they heard the sound but did not see anyoneActs 22: But they did not understand the voice of Him who was speaking to me(BTW, NIV is not a great translation either – take a look at Hebrews 11:11)
16“Contradiction” by language usage Did Jesus really stay three days and three nights in the tomb?Jesus died on Friday afternoonJesus was risen on Sunday morningIt’s barely 2 days !!!According to the Jerusalem Talmud:A day and a night are an Onah and the portion of an Onah is as the whole of itTherefore:Part of Friday is a portion of an Onah and it is a whole Onah (day)Part of Sunday is also a whole Onah.Total: 3 days – according to Jewish time keeping !
17Copy Errors Yes, the Bible does contain copy errors But it’s not a big deal – these errors do not change the teaching in the Bible, nor does it make the Bible incomprehensibleExample:2Chron 36:9 --- Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign2King 24:8 --- Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign
18A more subtle copy error Who killed Goliath:I think you all know the story about David and GoliathBut in 2 Samuel 21:19: -- And there was again a battle with the Philistines in Gob, where Elhanan of Bethlehem, the son of Jaare-oregim, killed one of Goliath the GittiteThis problem is most likely caused by a copy errorNote: this error does not make the Bible incomprehensible, nor did it change its teachings
19SummaryBible contains historical information written by different authors from different perspective with different emphasisAs such, various “contradictions” can arise which are in fact not contradictions at allThe Bible has proven itself to be incredibly reliable – archeologists use it to locate ancient civilizationsThere are no contradictions in the BibleThere are some copy errors – which are small in number (considering the time span) and does not compromise any Bible’s teaching
20Goliath problem explained The explanation of the copy error is found in 1 Chronicle 20:5:1 Chr 20:5 -- And Elhanan the son of Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite2 Samuel 21:19 -- Elhanan of Bethlehem, the son of Jaare-oregim, killed one of Goliath the GittiteIn Hebrew:"eth Lachmi" means "Lachmi the brother of"."beith hallachmi" meaning “someone from Bethlehem”The phrase “Elhanan… eth Lachmi Goliath” was apparently changed to “Elhanan… beith hallachmi Goliath”