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Modified over 5 years ago
Solid & hazardous materials Environmental Science, Donald Winslow 4 December 2009
Mining Minerals & rock Economic geology 1872 Mining law Metals Non-metal mineral resources Fuel Environmental effects of mining Reducing consumption
Metals refined from mined ore Al, Fe, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn, Hg, Sn, Cr, Mn, Pt, Au, Ag
Non-metal mineral resources Gravel Clay Glass Salts
Fuel Uranium Petroleum Coal Mountaintop Removal www.ilovemountains.org Natural gas Coal-bed methane Powder River, Wyoming Arkoma Basin, Oklahoma
Environmental effects of mining Acid drainage Processing Smelting Heap-leach extraction
Reducing consumption Metals Plastics Fuels Electricity etc Eliminating unnecessary consumption reduces waste.
Solid and hazardous waste What is waste?
Solid waste Waste production American waste stream Fate of American solid materials Landfills closing Reduce, reuse, recycle Hazardous waste
American waste stream Paper & paperboard Yard trimmings Plastic Food Metals
Fate of American solid materials Landfills Open dumps Sanitary landfills Ocean dumping Exporting waste & environmental justice Recycling Incineration Composting
Recycling Sorting, cleaning, reformulating Demanufacturing Biodegradable plastics
Incineration Pollution Cogeneration
Hazardous waste Chemical & petroleum pollution Federal legislation & regulation Cradle-to-grave Superfund Electrical transformers & PCBs Brownfields Bioremediation Retrievable storage & secure landfills
MINING CH main mining techniques Surface Mountain top removal Depends on location of resource and topography Open pit vs strip mining Subsurface.
Chapter 16 Minerals: A nonrenewable resource Minerals Elements or compounds that occur naturally within the Earth’s crust. Ex- Al, Cu, Mg, Zn, Fe, S,
Waste Generation and Waste Disposal
Chapter 24 Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Chapter 24 Solid and Hazardous Waste
Chapter 24 Solid and Hazardous Waste. Overview of Chapter 24 o Solid Waste Types of Solid Waste Types of Solid Waste o Waste Prevention Reducing the Amount.
Solid and hazardous Wastes
Geologic Resources: Nonrenewable Mineral and Energy Resources
Solid Waste. Types of Solid Waste Organic - Kitchen wastes, vegetables, flowers, leaves, fruit, wood Radioactive – spent fuel rods and smoke detectors.
Sub-subtopics Outline the types of solid domestic waste Describe and evaluate pollution management strategies for solid domestic (municipal)
Solid and Hazardous Waste Chapter 13. Chapter Thirteen Topics Waste; Waste-Disposal Methods; Shrinking the Waste Stream; and Hazardous and Toxic Wastes.
Mineral Resources and Resource Management Resources: raw materials taken from the environment and used by society.
Mineral Resources Resources: raw materials used by society.
Solid Waste. Consumption for Average U.S. Citizen over a 70 year life span 623 tons coal, oil, natural gas 613 tons sand, gravel, stone 26 million gallons.
Geology and Nonrenewable Minerals Chapter 14. We Use a Variety of Nonrenewable Mineral Resources Mineral resource Fossil fuels Metallic minerals Nonmetallic.
Municipal & Industrial Waste
Solid, Toxic, and Hazardous Waste By Pongthep Suwanwaree, Ph.D.
Lecture 9 Energy and Minerals ENERGY AND MINERALS.
Mineral Formation & Extraction Ch. 14. We can make some minerals in the earth’s crust into useful products, but extracting and using these resources can.
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