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1 Sara Parkin EE2006 Conference 24 th July, 2006 University of Liverpool Engineering and the pursuit of happiness.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Sara Parkin EE2006 Conference 24 th July, 2006 University of Liverpool Engineering and the pursuit of happiness."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Sara Parkin EE2006 Conference 24 th July, 2006 University of Liverpool Engineering and the pursuit of happiness

2 2 What do we really, really want? Why is it so hard to get? Engineers and the green industrial revolution Education, education, education Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Engineers and the Pursuit of Happiness an engineer is someone who contrives to bring something about

3 3 The crux of the matter is not only whether the human species will survive, but even more whether it can survive without falling into a state of worthless existence Meadows et al, 1971 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Limits to Growth

4 4 Income and Happiness 40 K 30 K 10 K 20 K Richard Layard, 2005

5 5 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Climate change: top manifestation of unsustainable development? Source: Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research Based on Folland et al (2000) and Jones and Moberg (2003)

6 6 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Worst case scenarios Greenland Ice melt Loss of Carbon sinks Gulf stream collapse? Melting Of Permafrost Glacial melt Sea level rise Changes in extremes Marginal climates

7 7 In a world that has never been so rich poverty and inequality persist In 1990s East Asia halved those living on less that $1 a day – but overall 54 countries got poorer 1% of the worlds population earns more per year than the 57% poorest HSBC rates inequality as its top business risk Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Current development model in question

8 8 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Unsustainable development in summary feedback persistent poverty, Injustice and inequality People take 40+% total annual plant growth economy health security easiest % need to share shrinking base too much already Forum for the Future Vitosek et al (1997) burning fossil fuels environmental degradation

9 9 Client and student demand (can you hear it?) 3060 courses, 35 institutions 8000 engineers register each year with EC(UK) Engineers are people too Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Get the values into value engineering

10 10 So the new synthesis we need is that economic growth, social justice and environmental care advance best when they all advance together Gordon Brown at the UN, April 2006 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future But … Gordon gets it!! And so does Dave !! The idea that there's more to life than money is hardly new. Improving our society's sense of well- being is, I believe, the central political challenge of our times David Cameron on GWB, July 2006

11 11 I = P x C x T in 2050 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Its a practical challenge Insert some numbers: I Impact on environment down by 50% P Number of People (up 50% to 9.5 bill) C Consumption up, say, 3% pa Means that T Technology or techniques of that consumption need to improve 8-10 fold (equality)

12 12 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Climate change most urgent Agriculture 5.6 Gt 14% mostly from soils & livestock Land Use changes 7.6 Gt 18% primarily deforestation All GHG in CO2 equivalent Energy – 25.6 Gt 61% Consuming fossil fuels Global emissions of greenhouse gases come from a wide range of sources

13 13 The industrial revolution and Lunar Society The solar revolution: Engineers of the 21 st Century Chinas Politburo Standing Committee are all engineers Engineers IN Society Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Were in the midst of a green industrial revolution

14 14 Get everyone sustainability literate – and fast Understand, apply and promote basic principles Modernise standards for materials and processes Get the values into value engineering Innovate and Integrate Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Educating engineers: a case for emergency treatment

15 15 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future What do employers want? Educating Engineers for the 21 st Century, RAEng, March 2006

16 16 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future It isnt just engineering, itss engineering and its implications on society and how you manage complexity. And being able to think in a systematic way. we are going to have to employ more and more creative types, rather than just the execution types What do employers want? RAEng Educating Engineers for the 21 st Century: the industry view, March 2006 Chair: Profession Julia King, Principle of Faculty of Engineering, Imperial College, London

17 17 A sustainability literate person: Understands what sustainable development is about Has the competencies and the confidence to behave appropriately Is able to recognise (and reward) right behaviour in others Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Sustainability Literacy

18 18 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Back to basics: do we understand how wasteful we are? 10,000 kg Raw Resource Manufacture 1000 kg Finished Product (consumed) 6 months 100 kg long-term durables left in home EXTRACT CONVERT USEDISCARD Biffa, x

19 19 USE 1 USE 2 USE 3 Minimum energy & raw materials Maximum energy recovery Minimum waste & pollution Materials and processes – conception to decomposition analysis IN OUT

20 20 Client and student demand (can you hear it?) 3060 courses, 35 institutions 8000 engineers register each year with EC(UK) Engineers are people too Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Get the values into value engineering

21 21 Consider science, risk and precaution at the same time Adaptive management – how to succeed despite barriers + complexity Step back to basics to better leap forward Were all engineers now? Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Innovate and integrate

22 22 CORNUCOPIAN anything goes PERMISSIVE Sara Parkin Forum for the Future UNSCIENTIFIC APPRAISAL Opaque, ad hoc, anecdotal, doctrinaire, partisan, unaccountable, no learning NARROW REGIME narrow framing of appraisal single perspective filter confidence in knowledge proof burden on sceptics alternatives excluded claimed benefits assumed emphasise rights of industry BROAD REGIME broad framing of appraisal plural perspective filters humility about knowledge proof burden on advocate openness to alternatives justification of benefits rights of wider society SCIENTIFIC APPRAISAL transparent, systematic, sceptical, peer-reviewed, independent, accountable, learning APOCALYPTIC stop everything RESTRICTIVE NARROW RISK APPROACHE S PRECAUTIONARY APPROACHES Science Risk and Society

23 23 The purpose of engineer education in the 21 st Century Leadership means being ahead of the curve Sustainable development is the only game in town Engineers of the 21 st Century Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Engineering and the pursuit of happiness

24 24 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future E21C Change Challenges Choosing the sustainability option is cheaper and easier Teachers and trainers build sustainability literacy into courses specifying for sustainability criteria in materials and processes is done along the supply chain employers embed sustainability thinking into organisational culture, and across different professions

25 25 Thank you for listening

26 26 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future Materials and process Life Cycle Analysis

27 27 Sara Parkin Forum for the Future S


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