Presentation on theme: "Behavior Basics: The Classroom and School Climate for Academic, Social, and Behavior Success 2007 Education and Business Summit June 27, 2007 Mike Paget,"— Presentation transcript:
Behavior Basics: The Classroom and School Climate for Academic, Social, and Behavior Success 2007 Education and Business Summit June 27, 2007 Mike Paget, presenter
The impact on employment The post-school unemployment rate for individuals with emotional and/or behavioral challenges is 25%, vs. 2% for non-disabled peers Individuals with significant mental health issues may face unemployment rates as high as 80%
Common Reasons for Dismissal: 7 out of 14 refer to behavior Misconduct Absenteeism Criminal Charges Dishonesty Intoxication Incompetence and negligence Disobedience Verbal abuse or swearing
The Cost of Low Education Earnings over a 40-year employment period No HS diploma: $852,577 HS diploma: $1,222,396 Vocational: $1,473,335 Associates degree: $1,524,703 Bachelors degree: $1,973,760 Masters degree: $2,307,025 Doctorate: $2,862,914 Data from Doland, E Give yourself the gift of a degree. Employment Policy Foundation
Six Degrees of Separation "I read somewhere that everybody on this planet is separated by only six other people. Six degrees of separation between us and everyone else on this planet. The President of the United States, a gondolier in Venice, just fill in the names. I find that extremely comforting, that we're so close, but I also find it like Chinese water torture..." character Ouisa Kittredge
Risk Factors from Antisocial Behavior in School: Evidence Based Practices by Hill Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, Frank Gresham Disability Low intelligence Difficult temperament Insecure attachment Poor social skills Lack of empathy Hyperactivity/impulsivity
More risk factors from Antisocial Behavior in School: Evidence Based Practices by Hill Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, Frank Gresham Family violence, marital discord Disorganization Father absence Long-term parental unemployment Poor supervision of children Harsh/inconsistent parenting style Lack of warmth, low involvement Socioeconomic disadvantage Neighborhood violence Media violence
Risk Factors at School from Antisocial Behavior in School: Evidence Based Practices by Hill Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, Frank Gresham Failure at school Deviant peer groups Bullying tolerated Peer rejection tolerated Poor attachment to school Inadequate behavior management
Risk Factors for SC Data source: Risk Factors for SC Data source: Kids Count Children in poverty: 23% (vs. 19% US) 41% of births are to single mothers 31% of children: single parent homes Family violence: 31% of all assaults are between family members 03-04: 5,976 confirmed cases of abuse and/or neglect June 04: 5,210 children living in foster care Low birth weight: 10% (vs. 8% for US)
SC Special Education 108,756 total special education students –Approximately 680,000 students in SC schools –16% of all students vs. 10% US Emotionally disabled: 5,045 –5% of students in special education –Less than 1% of SC students Learning disabled: 47,414 –44% of students in special education –About 7% of all students –Studies show: 30% of high school ED were initially identified as LD Other health impaired: 7,252 (7%)
Children and Youth mental health involvement 20/10/5 135,000 students in SC experience mental health concerns –68,000 with periodic needs –34,000 with significant and ongoing issues 47,000 receive services (35%) –14,053 were served in school based mental health programs 88,000 need services, but do not get them 23% of dropouts have mental health issues
Involvement in Juvenile Justice 26,213 cases in #1 Most frequent offense: disturbing schools Recidivism rate: 68% Random sample at DJJ: –72% met full criteria for at least one mental health disorder –20% met criteria for a severe disorder –50% have substance abuse problems
What about zero-tolerance? Research from Dr. Russell Skiba This practice moved from drugs, weapons, and gangs to many less serious behaviors. There is no evidence to show that zero- tolerance and suspensions and expulsions change student behavior. The evidence is that schools using wide-ranging zero-tolerance policies, and suspension and expulsion, have poorer school climates, higher dropout rates, and lower achievement.
Research Based Practices For all students –Positive and preventive classroom management –School-wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports –School Based Mental Health –Researched de-escalation and physical support practices (e.g., Crisis Prevention Institute) For a select few –FBA/BIP –Life Space Crisis Intervention –Cognitive behavioral strategies –Multi-systemic Therapy (MST)
8 Elements of Successful Classroom Management Presented by Susan Barrett Maryland PBIS Project References: Wong & Wong; Coleman & Lazar Revised by Mike Paget SC Department of Education
Whats so magical about this? The following 8 elements are all based on simple but effective teacher decisions and behaviors: Prevent vs. react Teach what you want to get Reinforce more than punish Support each student at the level he/she requires: –Some quickly get it and just do it –Some require lots of re-teaching –Some require lots of prompting and cuing –Some require frequent pre-correcting –ALL need positive feedback for doing things correctly!
More Positive to Negative teacher to student interactions Smiles Positive adult-student interactions: What did you do last night? Very difficult: At least a 5:1 ratio of positive remarks/interactions to every negative remark/interaction Follow every correction for rule violations with a positive reinforcer for rule following Use the sandwich technique: positive/negative/positive (a visual technique) Do a 45-minute tape of your teaching, then review it to see what you sound like to the students
Teach classroom rules and expectations Teach directly and actively Practice what you teach Practice the rules where they apply Do not assume that hearing it is enough! Give lots of positive feedback
So little time, so many transitions 45% of the instructional day is spent in a transition period getting ready to learn From the time the bell rings you have 3 minutes to get them on task or research indicates it will get increasingly more difficult So how do you teach transition behavior?
Teach transition behavior Teach signals that all students will understand: –To get attention/say stop/say start Teach the routine: what do you do when? Pre-correction for students who are challenged with stopping/starting/changing Use the behavioral momentum technique: in the midst of an easily occurring behavior, sneak in a less likely to comply behavior Monitor continuously – scan, move about Positively reinforce what is done correctly Practice transition behaviors in the natural contexts (class, playground, cafeteria, etc.)
Teach classroom routines directly: Practice where you use the behavior, pre-correct/prompt for those who need it, positively reinforce correct routine behaviors, model what you expect Turning in homework the right way Lining up How to get teacher attention the right way When to sharpen pencils, use the bathroom, put trash away What to do when finished early When is it ok to talk How do you wait for the bus Taking things home to sign and return
Establish an attention-getting cue/rule for the entire school Teach it on the first day of school EVERY teacher uses it! Pick a cue that can be used in all settings: –Example: hand up/fingers straight/slowly close the fingers into a fist You may need both visual and auditory combinations Remind all staff to use the same agreed upon cue consistently Do not cause interference with independent cues Positively reinforce when students respond
Actively supervise at all times! Move around the room continuously Use lots of eye contact Touch shoulders as you pass by Use lots of the opportunities to make positive comments/reinforce Get them to pay lots off attention to you: –Example: Today I will be touching my nose. Count how many times I do this today, and the winners will receive a reward! Free time is not free for the teacher…Less structured time actually requires more supervision
Pre-correct for CHRONIC problem behaviors Pre-correct: Cue/remind/redirect before the undesired behavior occurs Set up routines so the more challenged students will be successful; give them this practicing success opportunity Be sure you have the attention of students Give lots of mini lessons to remind/re-teach the desired behavior Watch for demonstration and reward All students must experience success!
Manage the minor (low intensity/frequency) behaviors positively and quickly Do not hammer a student for minor behavior violations in hopes that it will prevent more intense behaviors (research shows otherwise!) We must follow through on rules violations Do it privately Demonstrate the behavior Continue the lesson but move in closer (caution: moving in too close when a student is anxious may escalate things) Look at the student and tell her/him remember Point out the mistake Have the student state the correct response Have the student demonstrate the correct response Disengage quickly, early, and decisively
School-wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports A nationally replicated school-wide model, with a strong data base showing its effectiveness
School-wide PBIS A broad range of systemic & individualized strategies for achieving important social & learning outcomes while preventing problem behavior a general approach to preventing problem behavior Its for all students
Primary Prevention: School-/Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings Secondary Prevention: Specialized Group Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior Tertiary Prevention: Specialized Individualized Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior ~80% of Students ~15% ~5% CONTINUUM OF SCHOOL-WIDE INSTRUCTIONAL & POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT
Respect for fellow students, teachers, administration, staff members, and the school facilities
Teaching Matrix Classroom LunchroomBusHallwayPlayground Respect Others Use inside voice Eat your own food Stay in your seat Stay to the right Wait your turn Respect Property Recycle paper Return trays Keep feet on the floor Put trash in cans At bell return equipment Respect Yourself Do your best Wash your hands Be at stop on time Use your words Have a plan
PBIS related tools Functional Behavioral Assessment –All behaviors are helping you get or avoid something –Hunches are ok, but not enough – you need triangulation to strengthen your hypothesis Behavior Intervention Plans –Once you know the conditions that support or eliminate a behavior, manipulate the conditions –Teach a more effective or efficient replacement behavior –The BIP is not about punishment
SC PBIS Major initiatives have come through the State Improvement Grant 03-04: 11 schools, 04-05: 46 schools, 05-06: 104 schools, 06-07: 145 schools 07-08: Approximately 40 new schools currently in training SC PBIS Coach: Jane Shuler –
The Impact of PBIS Office discipline referrals drop % Academic achievement on state benchmarks increases 20-60% Time spent in suspension/detention drops significantly. This time can then be spent on academics
Prevention through staff awareness of mental health issues DSM described temperaments/neurobiological conditions 20/10/5 E.g.: Tourettes, ADHD, CD, ODD, Aspergers Syndrome, and Bipolar Disorder
School Based Mental Health 46% of schools currently have SBMH 96% of SBMH students/clients stay out of legal trouble 99% of SBMH students/clients stay in school 99% of SBMH students/clients live at home 98% of school administrators support SBMH
Supporting mental health in the classroom A teacher who learns about mental health issues A teacher who is willing to plan appropriate accommodations for the (predictable) range of temperaments Cognitive Behavioral strategies Life Space Clinical Intervention
Managing Crisis Events Behavior escalation happens in stages Adults need to respond based on where a student is in the cycle of escalation –Anxiety – support –Defensiveness – directive guidance –Acting out – safe (physical) management –Tension reduction – processing the event The emphasis is on calming the situation down Crisis Prevention Institute
School Protective Factors from Antisocial Behavior in School: Evidence Based Practices by Hill Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, Frank Gresham Positive school climate Pro-social peer group Responsibility and required helpfulness Sense of belonging/bonding Opportunities for success and recognition
Our Shared Agenda Schools, families, and agencies share the same goals It is more efficient and effective to coordinate our efforts Avoid the blame-game Do not wait for top-down – call someone and get to know them
Research to Practice Summer Sessions July Dorman High School, Spartanburg 30 sessions including classroom positive and preventive instruction, CPI, FBA/BIP, research based instructional practices, and more Online registration: –www.ed.sc.govwww.ed.sc.gov –offices –Office of Exceptional Children –calendar –Link to online registration –Call Brenda Turner at if you need assistance
Institute Number Twenty-six Title: Using a positive and proactive approach to classroom management Instructor: Linda Phillips, Educational Consultant This training will address the following components of effective classroom management. The CHAMPs book by Dr. Randall Sprick will be used as the framework for the workshop. Please note that these components are the same ones that are present in PBIS schools which have implemented school-wide positive behavior supports. Creating structure and order (organization) Building relationships with students (creating motivation to learn) Establishing and teaching behavioral expectations Understanding corrective procedures to address classroom misbehavior Using pre-planned corrective responses to misbehavior Developing monitoring systems to assess the class and/or individual students Participants will develop an implementation plan for their individual work sites.
Using a positive and proactive approach to classroom management (continued) Intended Audience: This 2-day workshop is appropriate for general education and special education classrooms, grades K-8. Class size is limited to 40 participants. Session Length: 2 days, Monday and Tuesday, six hours per day Three one-hour follow-up group phone conference review sessions will be scheduled during the fall and winter of the school term. Also, the trainer will make site visits to the participants locations to provide individual implementation consultation and support. Dates: July 16 – 17, 2007 Dorman High School, Upstate Research to Practice Institute Day 1: 8:30 – 4:30, with ½ hour for lunch, provided onsite Day 2: 8:30 – 2:30, with ½ hour for lunch, provided onsite Credit: Course renewal credit: 18 points: 12 points for two days of classroom instruction, plus three hours of follow-up phone conferences, plus three hours of onsite individual follow-up.
Listing of all sessions for July Research to Practice Summer Institute Functional Behavior Assessments and Behavior Intervention Plans for Individuals with Challenging Behaviors Explicit Instruction in Reading Curriculum Based Measurement for progress Monitoring Academic Interventions Adaptations and Modifications in Content Areas for Individuals with Mild Disabilities Explicit Math Instruction Helping Your Children with Reading at Home Proactive Behavior Management Strategies for PreschoolCrisis Prevention Institute training for Trainers Positive Behavior Support in the Home ED TERPIES V: Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment Offering Best Practices for Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Early Childhood Classrooms Dealing with Problem Behavior in the General Education Classroom Special Education 101 for School Administrators Administering Assessment, Evaluation Programming Systems for Infants and Children
(sessions, continued) Planning Postsecondary Goals for Youth with Disabilities Helping Your Preschooler with Disabilities An Overview and In-depth look at Educational Interpreter Guidelines-What all team members should know! Journey to Excellence: SLPs' Contributions to Success for All Students SLP Supervisors- SPED Directors Forum English Language Learners Training Writing a Meaningful Transition IEPSIM: Writing and Reading Strategies for Success SIM: Content Enhancement Routines for Level 1 Interventions through Rtl Writing Measurable Goals Portfolios for Student Growth- A Guide to transition for Students who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Using a Positive and Proactive Approach to Classroom Management Excent Setup Excent-Data Entry Excent- Lead Teachers ED TERPIES V: The Effective Interpreting Series Boot Camp for Teachers of the Visually Impaired Measuring Early Childhood Outcomes in South Carolina