2 MRSA Resistant to most antibiotics Found in health care facilities hospitalslong term care facilitiesother care facilitiesNot a threat to healthy people
3 Why should YOU be concerned about MRSA? Difficult to containEasily spreadHard to treat
4 Risk factors for MRSA infection SurgeryDevices used in invasive proceduresICU or burn wardAgeTreatment with multiple antibioticsSevere illness or disabilityProlonged or repeated hospital staysCompromised immune system
5 How is MRSA spread?Direct contact between health-care workers and clients.Colonized vs. infected personsHealth-care workers are the MAIN carriers.NOT usually spread through the air
6 How do I detect an infection of MRSA? Symptoms:drainage from a woundFever and chillsincreased white blood cell count
7 Common sites of infection Respiratory tractSurgical woundsPerineum or rectumSkin
8 How to stop the spread of MRSA Proper hand-washing:Before caring for each clientAfter removing glovesBefore leaving the client’s room
9 VREHard to treatSome forms of VRE pass on their drug-resistant genes!
10 Risk factors for VRE infection Severe illnessTreatment with multiple antibioticsAbdominal or cardiac surgeryDevices used in invasive proceduresAgeICUProlonged or repeated hospital stays
11 How does a VRE infection develop? OpportunisticBacteria transmitted between clients and healthcare workerscolonized vs. infected persons
12 Signs of VRE infection Drainage from a wound Fever and chills Increased white blood cell count
13 Handwashing prevents spread of VRE Wash hands before patient careWash hands after removing glovesWash hands BEFORE leaving the patient’s room.
14 MRSA AND VREAll healthcare workers play a role in preventing the spread of these nosocomial infections.REMEMBER-WASH YOUR HANDS