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SPORT PSYCHOLOGY Sports Medicine 1 Lexington High School.

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Presentation on theme: "SPORT PSYCHOLOGY Sports Medicine 1 Lexington High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 SPORT PSYCHOLOGY Sports Medicine 1 Lexington High School

2 Sport Psychology Science of Mind and Behavior Athletes have psychological issues too Different reactions to same injuries Injury = Change in Social Behavior Short term injury = < 4 wks Long term injury = > 4 wks Chronic vs. Terminating

3 Reactive Phases Reaction to Injury Reaction to Rehabilitation Reaction to Return Do athletes go through all of the phases?

4 Influences of Reactions Coping Skills Past Hx of injury Social Support Personality Traits

5 Predictors of Injury Injury Prone Athletes Personality Types Overprotective Easily Distracted

6 Stress Positive Negative Coping Mechanisms ~ psychological or physical methods by which an individual adjusts or adapts to a challenge or stressful situation

7 Grief and Loss Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, On Death and Dying, 1969 Stages of grief for loss of life applied to loss of identity from injury

8 Kubler-Ross Grieving Process Denial~ Failure to believe what is true Anger~ Athlete is mad at the world Bargaining~ Attempting to make a deal with an authority figure to change outcome Depression~ Extreme feelings of sadness Acceptance~ Coming to terms with outcome or prognosis

9 ATC Response Reassurance Consistency and realistic Avoid Specificity Stay Positive Stay Supportive BE PROACTIVE Expect Relapses

10 Interventions Often stress overcomes all parts of life Use Buffers to allay the symptoms ~ Can this help lead to healing? Progressive Relaxation Imagery Goal Setting

11 Progressive Relaxation Voluntary muscular contraction with deep breathing Allows athletes to control feelings of stress and anxiety Can help with all types of stress

12 Imagery Use of senses to create or recreate an experience in the mind Visual rehearsal Emotive imagery rehearsal Body rehearsal

13 Goal Setting Gives athletes something to look forward too Be specific in terms of physical capabilities Avoid using specific dates and times

14 Goal Setting Guidelines Specific Manageable Goals Positive vs. Negative language Challenging but realistic Reasonable timetable Short, medium, long range goals Link outcome to process Internalize Goals Monitor and evaluate goals Link Sport Goals to life Goals

15 Returning to Competition Clearance from MD & ATC Erase invincibility feeling in athlete EDUCATION REHABILITATION EDUCATION

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