2General History of Parliamentary Procedure Parliamentary Procedure arose from the early days of English Parliamentary Law.Formalized by an individual named General Henry M. Roberts a 19th century US Army engineer.
3Basic Principles of Parliamentary Procedure The right of the majority to ruleThe right of the minority to be heardThe equal right of each individual to be heard and representedIf used properly, business proceeds in an orderly manner with only one issue considered at a time and all members given the opportunity to participate.
4Meaning of Simple Majority This means 51% or more – the rule of simple majorityWhen more than a simple majority is required the minority is given the opportunity to defeat the majority.Since the primary objective is to determine the will of the majority and execute its will, a simple majority must be used.
5Equal Rights & Guarantees of Parliamentary Procedure Business is transacted in most efficient and democratic manner.All members have equal rights, privileges, and obligationsRules regarding rights and privileges must be applied impartially. The presiding officer should be strictly impartial.All receive these rights, and are obligated to respect the same rights of other members.
6Equal Rights & Guarantees Guarantees right of majority to decideThe rights of the minority are respected by Parliamentary Procedure. The right to be heard and oppose are rights of the minority.Simplest and most direct route to accomplish the will of the majority should by employed.Each member has an equal right to propose a motion, debate, ask for information, and vote.
7Equal Rights & Guarantees Definite guidelines regarding motions; guarantees that each question is fully discussed.All motions have a definite order and precedenceOnly one question can be considered at one timeAny motion restricting the rights of members to speak or vote must be passed by a 2/3 vote.
9Usual Agenda Includes: Call to order (Chair)Taking roll (Secretary)Reading minutes of previous meetingTreasurer’s reportReport of officersStanding committee reportsRoll call-call out names, members sign in on list, purpose is to have an official record of members present and voting at session.Refresh members on topics discussed & pending issues, president gets copy, Chair asks for additions/corrections, they are made by secretary or minutes are “Approved as read.”Informs members of money spent and money taken in since last meeting. Reports are kept in a file for audit at end of year and don’t have to be approved, just accepted.These are reports that are given at times by officers on issues that might affect organization.Committees that are part of the yearly functioning of the organization, such as membership, fund raising, etc. Handles only one aspect of club procedure, reports of standing committees are just that, the current status of that committee, and have some term of office as the officers – usually
10Usual Agenda Includes (cont): Special committee reportsUnfinished businessNew businessProgram (Optional)Adjournment*Note: Agenda is decided in advance of the meeting by the Chair.Those set up for a specific function, activity, or purpose that is not an annual event. Again reports may be informational or may make a motion to be acted upon by its members.
11Officers Historian Parliamentarian Sergeant at Arms President, Chair, Chairman, Presiding OfficerSecretaryTreasurerHistorianParliamentarianSergeant at Arms
12Rules of a Club Constitution – basic rules guiding a club Name of the clubPurposeRequirements of membershipOfficers and how to electTime and place of meetingsWays of changing anything by amendmentBylawsBylaws – set of rules of procedure. They are more specific than the constitution. Ex. Bylaws state specific numbers that make a quorum.