6 Features of Civilizations Eight Basic Features of a CivilizationCitiesWell-organized central governmentsComplex religionsJob specializationSocial classesArts and architecturePublic workswriting
7 Rise of Cities Rise of cities were the main feature of a Civilization. Civilization-is a complex, highly organized social orderFirst cities developed after farmers cultivated lands along river and produced a surplus of food.
8 Organized Governments Early Governments were lead by warrior kingsRulers used heredity to ensure there families place.Rulers claimed the were placed there by godEarly Chinese Kings took the title “Son of Heaven”Governments became more complex with time and size
9 Complex Religions Most ancient People were Polytheistic Polytheistic-believed in many godsMonotheistic- Believe in one godBelieved that the gods controlled water, fire, sun and human activitiesTo ensure divine help, people built temples, and carried out sacrifices of food animals and humans.
10 Job SpecializationAs people moved into cities no longer did they build everything they needed.People relied on each other, people developed skillsMetal workingPotteryWeaverWood WorkerEtc…
11 What did we notice about the quality of craftsman's work in a civilization? And why? SHORTANSWER
12 Social ClassesThe Development of societies brought along the development of social classes
13 Why do we use a pyramid to show social classes? SHORTANSWER
17 Writing A new skill found in civilizations Theory is it began in temples in order to record amounts of grain collectedEarliest forms of writing were PictogramsPictograms- simple drawings that looked like the object they represented
18 Spread of Civilizations As cities grew they brought civilization to new areas.City-States: a political unit which includes a city and the surrounding farm lands, etc…First Empires grew from competition and warWars between city states developed the first empiresNomadic InteractionThe first cities were spread all over and needed to work with nomadic tribes for trading.Nomadic tribes are only considered non-civilized because of the lack of the eight basic features
19 Civilizations and Change Many things can cause civilizations to changeEnvironmental ChangesFloodsDroughtsVolcanoesOver us of natural resourcesInteraction Among PeopleCultural DiffusionWarfare