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Published byJulia Freeman
Modified over 3 years ago
Birds Zoology, 14 April 2008, Donald Winslow Following Hickman et al. 2008 Ch. 27, pp 586-610
Ancestors of birds Theropod dinosaurs Archaeopteryx Tail Saurian pelvis 3-fingered hand Teeth Feathers
Characteristics of modern birds Long neck Wings Feathers Pneumatized skeleton Beak No teeth Short tail (pygostyle)
Avian circulation & respiration 4-chambered heart Endothermic Lungs Air sacs Syrinx
Avian excretory system Metanephric kidney Uric acid
Avian reproduction Sexes separate Internal fertilization Macrolecithal eggs Hard calcareous shells External incubation Altricial or precocial young
Avian taxonomy Paleognathaeratites & tinamous Neognathae (partial list) Order Podicipediformes (grebes) Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, etc) Order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, vultures, etc) Order Anseriformes (swans, ducks, geese) Order Falconiformes (hawks, eagles, kites, falcons) Order Piciformes (woodpeckers) Order Passeriformes (songbirds)
Evolution of Birds from Reptiles SZ2- Students will explain the evolutionary history of animals over the geological history of Earth. Evolved from reptiles-Few.
Evolution of Birds from Reptiles
Class Aves: Birds. Evolved from small, carnivorous dinosaurs about 150 million years ago. Oldest known bird fossils belong to the species named Archaeopteryx.
Birds (Class Aves) extant (8900+ species, 28 orders, and 190 families) extinct (100,000 species) abundant since late Cretaceous.
Class Aves (or is it Class Reptilia??)
Class Aves Birds are reptile like animals that maintain a constant
Oklahoma City Community College
General Zoology Unit Six
Birds Classification and Characteristics. Bird Characteristics Feathers/flight- made of keratin proteins, very light and strong.
Identification and Topography. External Anatomy Nape (back of neck) Auriculars/Ear Coverts (ear coverings) Lore (between eyes and upper bill) Scapulars.
Waterfowl communities Zoology 14 February 2011 Donald Winslow.
Section 1 Origin & Evolution of Birds
Introduction to Birds Acorn Woodpecker Bald Eagle Peregrine Falcon American White Pelican.
Chapter 42 Table of Contents Section 1 Origin and Evolution of Birds
Birds Chapter 42.
TOP TEN ORDERS OF BIRDS. u Waterfowl u Birds of Prey u Owls u Chicken-like u Wading birds u Shore birds u Pigeons/doves u Swifts… u Woodpeckers u Perching.
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