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Birds Zoology, 14 April 2008, Donald Winslow Following Hickman et al Ch. 27, pp
Ancestors of birds Theropod dinosaurs Archaeopteryx Tail Saurian pelvis 3-fingered hand Teeth Feathers
Characteristics of modern birds Long neck Wings Feathers Pneumatized skeleton Beak No teeth Short tail (pygostyle)
Avian circulation & respiration 4-chambered heart Endothermic Lungs Air sacs Syrinx
Avian excretory system Metanephric kidney Uric acid
Avian reproduction Sexes separate Internal fertilization Macrolecithal eggs Hard calcareous shells External incubation Altricial or precocial young
Avian taxonomy Paleognathaeratites & tinamous Neognathae (partial list) Order Podicipediformes (grebes) Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, etc) Order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, vultures, etc) Order Anseriformes (swans, ducks, geese) Order Falconiformes (hawks, eagles, kites, falcons) Order Piciformes (woodpeckers) Order Passeriformes (songbirds)
Animals Biology Donald Winslow 8 April Kingdom Animalia Sponges (invertebrate) Radially symmetrical animals (invertebrate) Bilaterally symmetrical.
BIRD CLASSIFICATION. BIRDS Birds are classified as members of Class Aves. The major characteristics of this class are: Adaptations for flight Appendages.
Waterfowl communities Zoology 14 February 2011 Donald Winslow.
What are birds ? Birds(class Aves) are feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm- blooded), egg-laying, vertebrate animals. With around 10,000 living.
Chapter 21-Birds. Class Aves- Birds ~8,700 species Forelimbs modified into wings Amniotic eggs (hard-shelled) Scaled feet and legs Strong, light-weight.
Birds – Basic Facts Nearly 10,000 modern bird species Birds are closely related to reptiles (scales on legs) Have outer covering made of feathers, two.
Vertebrates: Part II Reptiles & Birds. Reptiles Dry body covering Scales made of keratin Heart has 3 chambers Well-developed lungs Toes have claws.
Amphibians & Reptiles Donald Winslow, 7 April 2008 Readings from Hickman, et al., 2008 Ch (amphibians); Ch 26: (reptiles)
Chordates Zoology Donald Winslow 4 April 2008 Following Hickman et al. 2008, Ch 23 pp , , 512 (protochordates & early vertebrates) Ch 24.
VERTEBRATES. YOU MUST KNOW… THE FOUR CHORDATE CHARACTERISTICS TRAITS WHICH DISTINGUISH EACH OF THE FOLLOWING GROUPS: CHONDRICHTHYES, OSTEICHTHYES, AMPHIBIA,
Fish 3 classes –Agnatha: jawless fishes Lamprey, Hagfish –Chondricthyes: Cartilaginous fishes Sharks, skates, rays –Ostichthyes: Bony fishes All other.
Chapter 26 Introduction to Animals. Characteristics of Animals There are 3 general features of animals which all animals share: All animals are multicellular.
Molluscs & Annelids Zoology LS2014, Donald Winslow 3 March 2008, Following Hickman, et al., 2008 Ch. 16 (pp , ) Ch. 17 (pp )
Acoelomates & pseudocoelomates Zoology, 25 February 2008 Donald Winslow Following Hickman, et al Ch. 14 (pp ) Ch.15 (pp ) Ch.18 (pp.
The Brains on Birds. Tundra Biome Cold biome that averages –10 degrees Celsius, 14 degrees Fahrenheit, where the soil remains frozen year round in what’s.
Introduction to Vertebrates. Vertebrate Vocabulary Chapters Chordate 2.vertebrate 3.vertebra (712) 4.agnathan (714) 5.ectothermic (724) 6.endothermic.
Deuterostomes Notochord Dorsal, hollow nerve cord Pharyngeal gill slits Muscular Postanal tail Phylum: Chordata.
Avian Reproductive System Sonia M. Hernandez. Know the names of the major reproductive organs and their function Be able to trace the path of an egg through.
Vertebrate Classes All in Chordate Phylum 1. All vertebrates have… Bilateral symmetry Bilateral symmetry Fully developed coelom with organs Fully developed.
Introduction to Mammals Endotherms Hair or Fur Feed Young with Milk.
THE ANIMAL KINGDOM VERTEBRATES: Animals with true backbones (PHYLUM CHORDATA) Science AHSGE Standard III-3, part 2.
Reptiles General Characteristics. Classification Phylum Chordata Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Subphylum Vertebrata - Class Reptilia Order Squamata-
Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Classes: Chondrichthyes Osteichthyes Amphibia Reptilia Aves Mammalia.
Bellringer 5 minutes to finish your study guide We will go over the answers together in class.
Chapter 19-Amphibians Amphibian- Double Life - Water and land.
Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles What Is a Vertebrate? Fishes Amphibians Reptiles Vertebrate History in Rocks Table of Contents.
1. Chordate Characteristics Characteristics of Chordates A chordate is an animal that in some stage of development has: 1. Notochord- dorsal rod of specialized.
THE ANIMAL KINGDOM VERTEBRATES: Animals with true backbones (PHYLUM CHORDATA)
Phylum Arthropoda Trilobites, Chelicerates, & Myriapods Donald Winslow 7 March 2008 Hickman et al Ch. 19 pp Crustaceans: Ch. 20 pp ,
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