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Birds Zoology, 14 April 2008, Donald Winslow Following Hickman et al. 2008 Ch. 27, pp 586-610.

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Presentation on theme: "Birds Zoology, 14 April 2008, Donald Winslow Following Hickman et al. 2008 Ch. 27, pp 586-610."— Presentation transcript:

1 Birds Zoology, 14 April 2008, Donald Winslow Following Hickman et al Ch. 27, pp

2 Ancestors of birds Theropod dinosaurs Archaeopteryx Tail Saurian pelvis 3-fingered hand Teeth Feathers

3 Characteristics of modern birds Long neck Wings Feathers Pneumatized skeleton Beak No teeth Short tail (pygostyle)

4 Avian circulation & respiration 4-chambered heart Endothermic Lungs Air sacs Syrinx

5 Avian excretory system Metanephric kidney Uric acid

6 Avian reproduction Sexes separate Internal fertilization Macrolecithal eggs Hard calcareous shells External incubation Altricial or precocial young

7 Avian taxonomy Paleognathaeratites & tinamous Neognathae (partial list) Order Podicipediformes (grebes) Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, etc) Order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, vultures, etc) Order Anseriformes (swans, ducks, geese) Order Falconiformes (hawks, eagles, kites, falcons) Order Piciformes (woodpeckers) Order Passeriformes (songbirds)


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