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Life Stages.

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Presentation on theme: "Life Stages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life Stages

Begins with birth Ends with death

3 LIFE STAGES Person differ greatly
Every person passes through certain stages of growth and development

Infancy - birth to 1 year Early childhood years Late childhood years Adolescence years Early adulthood years Middle adulthood years Late adulthood - 65 and up

Physical: Body growth Mental: development of mind Emotional: feelings Social: interactions & relationship

Tasks progress from simple to complex foundations for the next stage rate of accomplishment varies

7 INFANCY Ages birth - 1 year of age

8 Physical Development Dramatic & Rapid changes tripled weight
muscular & nervous system immature reflex actions muscle coordination develops teeth vision

9 Mental Development Rapid during first year respond to discomforts
pain, cold, or hunger by crying gradually become more aware of surroundings recognize individuals As infants respond to stimuli learning activities grow speech

10 Social Development Progresses from the total self-centered concept of the newborn to a gradual recognition of others in the environment 4 months recognize persons who care for them smile stare at others 6 months watch activities of others show signs of possessiveness shy or withdrawn from strangers

11 Social Development 6 months 12 months watch activities
show signs of possessiveness 12 months shy with strangers socialize freely with familiar people mimic & imitate gestures facial expressions vocal sounds

12 Social cont dependent on others for all needs Love & security
food, cleanliness & rest are essential for physical growth Love & security essential for mental growth


14 Physical Development Slower than during infancy
Skeletal and muscle development helps a child look more like an adult legs & lower body tend to grow more rapidly then the head, arms & chest muscle coordination run, climb, and move freely finger muscles develop learns to write, draw & use a fork & knife

15 Physical continued Age 2 - 3 2-4 years of age most teeth have erupted
digestive system is mature enough to handle most adult food 2-4 years of age learn bowel & bladder control

16 MENTAL DEVELOPMENT Advances rapidly during early childhood
Verbal growth age 6 1,500 -2,500

17 Mental 2 year olds short attention span interested in many activities
remember details begins understanding concepts

18 Mental 4 year old ask frequent questions
recognize letters and some words begin to make decisions based on logic rather than trial & error

19 MENTAL CONT. 6 YR OLD Very Verbal wants to learn how to read
Memory has developed make decisions based on both past and present experiences

Ages 1 to 2 develops self awareness and the effect they have on others limits are usually established for safety Anger, temper tantrums may occur if desired performance not accomplished likes routine becomes stubborn, angry, or frustrated when changes occur

21 Emotional Development
Ages 4 - 6 gain more control over emotions know right or wrong more independent less anxiety when faced with new experiences

22 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Self – Centered 1yr old Sociable 6 yr old Later yrs
Put self first Trust people

23 Needs Food, rest shelter, protection, love and security
Routine, order, consistency in daily life Taught to be responsible and must learn how to conform to rules


25 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Slow but steady Gain 5-7 pounds per year
Ht increase 2-3 inches per year Muscle coordination well developed Physical activities that require complex motor-sensory skills Loose teeth Visual acuity the best 10-12 sexual maturation may begin

26 MENTAL DEVELOPMENT Increases due to school
Speech skills develop more completely Reading & writing should be learned Information used to solve problems Memory becomes more complex Understands more abstract concepts Loyalty, honesty, values,and morals

Age 6 Frightened and uncertain as they begin school Reassuring parents and success in school helps gain self-confidence Fears replaced with coping abilities Learn to control emotions

28 Ages 10 –12 Sexual maturation and body changes Restless and anxious
Difficult to understand

29 SOCIAL CHANGES 7 years Activities they can do by self
Approval of others especially parents and friends

30 Ages 8-10 Group oriented Forms groups with members of own sex
Ready to accept some opinions of others Conforms to rules and standards of behavior

31 Ages 10-12 Tend to make friends more easily
Increasing awareness of opposite sex Gradually move away from parents

32 NEEDS Basic needs Reassurance parental approval peer acceptance


34 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Growth spurts can cause rapid increases in wt & ht awkwardness or clumsiness Puberty development of the sexual organs and secondary sexual characteristics secretions of sex hormones

35 MENTAL DEVELOPMENT Increase knowledge and social skills
Learn to make decisions; accept responsibility for actions Treated both like child and adult

36 Emotional Development
Often stormy and in conflict Concerned about their appearance Respond more to peer groups May create a conflict with vales previously established

37 Later Years of Adolescence
Self-Identity has been established Feel more comfortable with who they are Concerned about career

38 Social Development Move away from family
Security in groups of people their own age Develop a more mature attitude and patterns of behavior

39 Needs Reassurance, support and understanding Basic needs

40 Eating Disorders Often develops from an excessive concern with appearance Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia

41 Chemical Abuse Development of a physical and /or mental dependence on these chemicals. Trying to relieve anxiety or stres Peer pressure Escape from problems Experiementation

42 Suicide One of the leading causes of death in adolescents Reasons
Depression Grief Failure in school Not meeting expectations Lack of self-esteem

43 Suicide warning signs Verbal statements such as “I’d rather be dead,” or “you’d be better off without me” Sudden changes in appetite and sleep habits Withdrawal and moodiness Excessive fatigue or agitation Alcohol or drug abuse




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