Presentation on theme: "CCRS Ecclesiology: What does it mean for the Church to be Church? Revd Dr Gareth Leyshon Archdiocese of Cardiff."— Presentation transcript:
CCRS Ecclesiology: What does it mean for the Church to be Church? Revd Dr Gareth Leyshon Archdiocese of Cardiff
CCRS Ecclesiology Session I: What do we mean by Church? A Brief History of the Worshipping Community Our Eucharistic Community Assignments!
CCRS Ecclesiology Session II: Our local community – the Parish Cardinal Dulles – Models of Church Ministries: Ordinary and Extraordinary Half-Time Feedback
CCRS Ecclesiology Session III: The Diocese and the Bishops Conference The Church in the Modern World Deus Caritas Est: Church making love present The Communion of Saints
CCRS Ecclesiology Session IV: Catholics and Other Christians Interchurch Marriages Intercommunion Do we want other Christians to become Catholic? One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic
CCRS Ecclesiology Session V: The Church is Missionary The Universal Church and Other Faiths Listening and Evangelising Can we take part in ceremonies of other religions? Do non-Christians go to heaven? Dulles and the Universal Church Any Questions?
CCRS Ecclesiology: What does it mean for the Church to be Church? Session I Revd Dr Gareth Leyshon Archdiocese of Cardiff
TASK 1 Draw CHURCH
TASK 1 And now, draw another interpretation of CHURCH
GROUP EXERCISE CHURCH: Put together the common ideas
CHURCH KIRK KIRCHE KYRIAKOS Belonging to the Lord
EGLWYS ECCLESIASTICAL ÉGLISE IGLESIA EKKLESIA QAHAL Assembly of Believers ECCLESIOLOGY!
The Great Assembly Ex 35:1 the whole of Israel assembles QAHAL Dt 23 the assembly of the Lord QAHAL YHWH Excludes the unclean Ps 40:9-10 the great assembly QAHAL RAB
1400 BC The Exodus Community
1000 BC The Exodus Community Solomon builds a Temple
600 BC Exodus Community Solomon builds a Temple Jewish exile – Service of the Word develops
Also in OT EDAH The congregation (Nb 1:2) The People People of Israel Gods covenant People (Ex 3:7) People of the Land (II Kg 24:14) The remnant Is 37:31-32
The Time of Jesus Big Temple services in Jerusalem at the major feasts
The Time of Jesus Big Temple services in Jerusalem at the major feasts Local weekly and daily services in regional synagogues
What did Jesus say? KINGDOM (Gods Reign) at hand parables Do this in memory of me 12 apostles (Mt 19:28) Peter the Rock (Mt 16:18) Leaders to SERVE Jn 13:12-20 Mk 10:42-45 Who will be saved?
What did Paul say? EKKLESIA – the Church in N. always: local Christian community CHURCH OF GOD ONE BODY Eph 4 & 5 Who will be saved?
Leadership in the early church APOSTLES: ELDERS (pl.) presbuteroi (presbyter) EPISKOPOI (sg.) overseer, superintendent episcopal oversight DEACONS Acts 6-8 deaconesses
1 st Century Jewish Psalm Service in the morning, Breaking of Bread in the evening
1 st -3 rd Centuries Jewish Psalm Service in the morning, Breaking of Bread in the evening Two services conflate to a recognisable Eucharist, celebrated in a private house
Before Constantine Ignatius, ca AD 108 the Catholic (universal) church Polycarp, martyred ca AD 154 the Catholic church in Smyrna Ireneus, AD the scattered Catholic church preserves the one faith recognises Romes authority Cyprian, d. AD 258 reconciling the lapsed
Constantine Public buildings can be dedicated for worship, modelled on Roman Law Court – the Basilica
Constantine Public buildings can be dedicated for worship, modelled on Roman Law Court – the Basilica The organisation of Church and State become linked
Creeds APOSTLES (in use by 3 rd C.) in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints... NICENE CREED no mention in AD 325 (Nicea I) Constantinople I (381) adds one holy catholic and apostolic Church four marks of the Church
Early Middle Ages
College and Monastic Chapels
Cathedral + Choir = Long cross- shaped Church
So whats a church for?
So whats a church for? Gather round altar?
So whats a church for? Choirs sing in worship?
So whats a church for? Awe and adoration?
The Broken Community 1054 – Great Schism with the East Papal authority – altering the Creed Protestant Reformation – 15 th & 16 th Centuries Priesthood? Sacraments?
Hot Issues Who is the rightful Pope? ( ) How much authority does the Pope have as a civil ruler? How much authority does the Pope have over the church? (Vatican I, 1870) Do you have to be a Catholic to go to heaven? (Feeney)
The Church on The Church Pius XII, 1943: Mystici Corporis Second Vatican Council, Lumen Gentium – on the ChurchLumen Gentium Orientalium Ecclesiarum – the Eastern Catholic Church Gaudium et Spes Gaudium et Spes – the Church in the Modern World Unitatis Redintegratio – other Christians
The Church on The Church Second Vatican Council, Christus Dominus (bishops) Christus Dominus Presbyterorum Ordinis (priests) Presbyterorum Ordinis Perfectae Caritatis (religious orders) Perfectae Caritatis Apostolicam Actuositatem (the laity) Apostolicam Actuositatem Nostra Aetate (other religions) Nostra Aetate Ad Gentes (being missionary) Ad Gentes
TASK 2 We see the QAHAL YHWH at Sunday Mass. What roles exist in our liturgical assembly?
Teaching Catholic Theology An academic approach Vatican documents are privileged INFALLIBLE DOGMA AUTHORITATIVE TEACHING DISCIPLINARY NORMS OFFICIAL OPINIONS Church sets boundaries For Alternatives: McBrien
Resources Vatican II Documents Vatican website EWTN.com and PapalEncyclicals.netEWTN.comPapalEncyclicals.net Course website: These powerpoints – with links! No net access? Let Fr Gareth know.
Typical Church c. 1934
Typical Church c. 1990
ALTAR: truly central so that the attention of the whole congregation naturally focuses there ALTAR: freestanding, to permit walking around it and celebration facing the people AMBO: for the proclamation of the readings; the faithful may readily see and hear the minister CHAIR: clearly visible. Sign that the celebrant presides over the whole community. TABERNACLE: place truly noble, prominent, readily visible, beautifully decorated, suitable for prayer TABERNACLE: in the sanctuary OR a chapel suitable for private adoration; not on main altar.
Second lectern: does not mirror the decoration of the ambo ALTAR RAILS: Vatican II said nothing. A practical consequence of lay ministers and standing for communion First Principle of Vatican II: noble simplicity SANCTUARY: easily seen, a place,marked off, where ministers exercise their offices
Church in the Round: NY
Church in the Round: Liverpool
Unintended consequences... Too-much de-emphasis on Holy God? Tabernacles banished Altar rails often lost Push for communion in the hand
After Vatican II – new Missal – English get the gist across and also with you mea maxima culpa 1985 – Chalice totally derestricted for Wales (& England) 1985 – Communion in the Hand licensed for Wales (& England) Communion on the tongue is ALWAYS PERMITTED