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Published bySilvester Summers Modified over 6 years ago

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What is the relationship between kinetic and potential energy?

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Work The use of force to move an object over a distance. Formula: Force (N) x Distance (m) Formula: W=Fd

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Energy The ability to do work or cause a change.

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Potential Energy The stored energy that an object has due to its position, molecular arrangement, or chemical composition.

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Kinetic Energy The energy of motion.

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Gravity The force that pulls objects toward Earth’s surface. The force that objects exert on each other because of their masses.

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Elastic Potential Energy Potential energy stored as a result of deformation of an elastic object, such as the stretching of a spring or a rubber band.

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Gravitational Potential Energy Potential energy stored due to gravitational pull. Formula: GPE= weight (N) x height (m) GPE= mass x 9.8 m/s 2 x height GPE=mgh The unit for GPE is the joule.

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Gravitational Acceleration Acceleration due to the pull of gravity. (9.8 m/s 2 )

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Joules The unit used to measure energy and work. *One joule of work is done when a force of one newton moves an object one meter.

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Newtons The SI unit for force. (N) *This is also the unit for weight.

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Momentum A measure of mass in motion. Formula: mass x velocity p=mv

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Velocity Speed in a specific direction. -Speed is a measure of how fast something moves through a particular distance over a definite time period. Formula: Speed = distance/time

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