Presentation on theme: "American Revolution Review. Why was the French and Indian War fought? Answer: fought over land (Canada, land west of the Ohio River Valley); fur trade."— Presentation transcript:
Why was the French and Indian War fought? Answer: fought over land (Canada, land west of the Ohio River Valley); fur trade
How did the French and Indian War contribute to the Revolutionary War? Answer: The war cost Great Britain a lot of money so King George III imposed new taxes to cover the costs.
Describe 3 acts that contributed to the Revolutionary War. Answer: Stamp Act (tax on paper goods, newspapers, pamphlets); Townshend Act (tax on tea, glass, lead, paint); Intolerable Acts (different acts that were enforced after the Boston Tea Party); Sugar Act (sugar, coffee); Quartering Act (house & feed British soldiers)
What was the Boston Massacre? Answer: 5 colonists were shot after colonists threw snowballs and rocks at British soldiers; it deepened the Americans distrust of the British military
What was the Boston Tea Party? Answer: colonists (called the Sons of Liberty) boarded British ships in Boston Harbor & dumped 342 crates of tea into the water to show their displeasure of unfair taxes
Who were the Loyalists? Who were the Patriots? Answer: Loyalists remained loyal to Great Britain & King George III. Patriots wanted to gain their independence from Great Britain.
Who were the Sons of Liberty? Answer: secret organization made up of merchants & journalists who opposed unfair taxes
What was the Continental Congress? Answer: delegates from all colonies, except Georgia, met in Philadelphia to discuss the problems with Great Britain
Why is the Battle of Lexington and Concord important to the war? Answer: “shot heard ‘round the world”; beginning of the war
Why is the Battle of Saratoga important to the war? Answer: known as the ‘turning point of the war’; this American victory convinced the French to give money and military support to the Patriots
Describe the seize of Fort Ticonderoga. Answer: Ethan Allen & Green Mountain Boys captured this fort from the British & used canons seized from the battle to win other battles in the war.
What was George Washington’s role in the war? Answer: General and Commander of the Continental Army
What was Thomas Jefferson’s role in the American Revolution? Answer: a founding father of the U.S.; wrote the Declaration of Independence
What was Ethan Allen’s role during the war? Answer: militia leader who seized Fort Ticonderoga along with the Green Mountain Boys
What was John Burgoyne’s role in the war? Answer: British general who was defeated in the Battle of Saratoga
What was Sybil Ludington’s role in the war? Answer: known as the female Paul Revere; rode 40 miles through the night alerting troops that the British were raiding the Patriots’ supply shelter