Work with language Curriculum, textbook, teacher – analyse the discourse, summarise it, organise it, use it (contextualising, substitution table, phrase handout, language poster, students talk/write)
Work with words 750,000 650,000 40,000-45,000 Every 12 th 2500 = 80% 7500 = 90% 10%
Numbers 750,000 – words in English 650,000 – words in OED 40,000-45,000 – used by average speaker Every 12 th – the 2500 = 80% of all words we use 7500 = 90% of all words we use (star words) 10% = the rest, topic specific (black words)
Curriculum discourse analysis Task - Identify the black words in the text below, there are 12 of them. Infections Food and water are sources of infection. Raw food is covered in microorganisms. Most are harmless or do the body good. They grow in our intestines and protect them from more harmful germs, but others cause disease, especially if food's been contaminated by sewage or animal waste, or hasn't been cooked properly. Contact with animals also exposes us to new microorganisms. A bite from an infected dog could lead to rabies, for example. While cleaning out a lizard's cage could lead to salmonella.
Curriculum discourse analysis Infections Food(***) and water(***) are sources(***) of infection(**). Raw(***) food(***) is covered(black) in microorganisms(black). Most(***) are harmless(*) or do the body(***) good(***). They grow(***) in our intestines(black) and protect(***) them from more harmful(*) germs(black), but others cause(***) disease(***), especially(***) if food's been(black) contaminated(black) by sewage(black) or animal(*) waste(***), or hasn't(black) been cooked(black) properly(***). Contact(***) with animals(***) also(***) exposes(**) us to new(***) microorganisms. A bite(*) from an infected(black) dog(***) could(***) lead(***) to rabies(black), for example(***). Cleaning(***) out a lizard's(*) cage(*) could lead to salmonella(black).
Work with speaking Identify content chunk, create info gap, create trivia search, create question loop, students speak from input Example – Biology question loop
Work with texts Identify diagrammatical organisers in texts, fill them in, take out the content, mix up the content, create a handout, students read original and fill in handout/order the original, listen and gap fill Example – Plant and animal cells Venn diagram
Work with presenting Create a PPT, remove core content, leave headings / gap the content, prepare handout 6 slides per page, add essential phrases in the margin, students present Example – Physics Evaporation