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Matthew 28:18-20. has been given to Me Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations… Matthew 28:18-20 All authority in heaven and on earth.

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Presentation on theme: "Matthew 28:18-20. has been given to Me Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations… Matthew 28:18-20 All authority in heaven and on earth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Matthew 28:18-20

2 has been given to Me Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations… Matthew 28:18-20 All authority in heaven and on earth.

3 AUTHORITY From Latin auctor (augeo): one who creates or causes has authority over that which was created or caused [Websters] Legal power: a right to command or to act… From Greek exousia (exesti it is lawful): [Strongs] …delegated influence: authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength DEFINITION:

4 AUTHORITY God, as Author, is the source of absolute AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: The Father: Author of CREATION - Mt 7:21 …he who does the will of My Father The Son: Author of our FAITH, our SALVATION - Mt 28:18 All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore… The Spirit: Author of the revealed COMMAND (Word) - Ep 3:5 …has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets…

5 AUTHORITY God, as Author, is the source of absolute AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: God-revealed word: how He chose to express His authority Hebrews 1:1-2:God has spoken 2 Timothy 3:16All Scripture is God-breathed

6 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! INTERPRETATION:

7 Illustrating the need Father leaves a note for 16-year-old son: Ill be home a little late today. Take the station wagon, use this debit card, and pick up two pizzas for dinner. Instructions Station wagon Debit card Pizzas - this one - two - for dinner Friend suggests Dads Ferrari! Credit card Chinese food Conservative son No! Dad didnt say Ferrari, credit card, or Chinese food! Liberal friend Cmon! He didnt say we couldnt do any of that stuff!

8 Illustrating the need Constitution of the United States is written: We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union…do ordain and establish… Instructions VII articles Bill of rights - amendments Treasurer Alexander Hamilton suggests T. Jefferson Constitution is supreme law of the land; …we cannot establish a nation bank, because there is no provision for it A. Hamilton Nothing in Constitution prohibits it; Constitution has not a single word about a national bank; No thou shalt not We need a Nation Bank to deal with all of our countrys new revenue. ConservativeAnti-FederalistRepublican LiberalFederalistDemocrat

9 Illustrating the need God prescribes specific acts of worship: You shall make an altar to burn incense on; …Aaron shall burn on it sweet incense… [Exodus 30:1, 7] Instructions Altar of incense Aaron burns the incense - the priest [Lv. 4:7] - Aarons sons [Nm. 4:16] Uzziah, in pride I am the king; I can also burn incense for the Lord! [2 Ch 26:16-19] Conservative priest It is not for you… but for the priests, the sons of Aaron. Liberal king Then Uzziah became furious; and he had a censer in his hand to burn incense.

10 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics INTERPRETATION:

11 Hermeneutics From Greek hermeneus – interpreter [Hermes the eloquent messenger of the gods – cp. Acts 14:12] The study of interpretation theory. Traditional hermeneutics [inc. Biblical hermeneutics] refers to the study of the interpretation of written texts, especially texts in the areas of literature, religion and law. The Bible is uniquely all three

12 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation

13 Use of Interpretation Son I will do only what dad says Sons friend Lets do what he hasnt prohibited! T. Jefferson No provision for a national bank A. Hamilton No prohibition of a national bank Priest Azariah Not for you but sons of Aaron! King Uzziah As king, I can do what I determine!

14 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation Conservative or Liberal?

15 Use of Interpretation Jesus If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? [John 21:22] Brethren Apostle John will not die! [John 21:23] Jesus You are…greatly mistaken. [Mark 12:24-27] Sadducees There is no resurrection. [Mark 12:18]

16 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation Conservative or Liberal? Correct or Mistaken?

17 Use of Interpretation Paul …when you read, you may understand… [Ephesians 3:4] Cynic Its impossible to understand the Bible Jesus He that believes and is baptized will be saved. [Mark 16:16] Religious person Thats just your interpretation!

18 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation Conservative or Liberal? Correct or Mistaken? Objective or Subjective?

19 Hermeneutics and Interpretation Modern critics increasingly deny the very possibility of discovering the original, or intended, meaning of a text. …while the original authors had a definite meaning in mind when they wrote, that is now lost to us because they are no longer present to clarify and explain what they wrote. The modern reader cannot study the text from the ancient perspective but constantly reads into that passage modern perspectives.

20 Hermeneutics and Interpretation Therefore, critics argue, objective interpretation is impossible and the authors intended meaning is forever lost to us. Every community provides traditions to guide the reader in comprehending a text, and these produce the meaning. That meaning differs from community to community, so in actuality any passage might have multiple meanings, and each is valid... The Hermeneutical Spiral, Grant R. Osborne, 1991

21 Hermeneutics and Interpretation All religions lead to God No one religion is right or wrong We really just need religious tolerance Based on what the Bible claims to be [Jn 17:17; 1 Co. 2:12; 2 Tm. 3:16-17], the Bible itself must be our guide to proper interpretation of Gods will!

22 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation Conservative or Liberal? Correct or Mistaken? Objective or Subjective?

23 AUTHORITY DEFINITION: SOURCE: Necessary any time someone speaks or writes to us How much more so when speaker is not here to ask him! Hermeneutics The study of interpretation theory INTERPRETATION: All our examples used interpretation Conservative or Liberal? Correct or Mistaken? Objective or Subjective? Lev. 18:4-5; Deut. 29:29 Lk 10:25-29; 2 Tim. 2:15 Jer. 10:23; John 12:48

24 Interpretation of Authority Conservative approach necessary: where doubt exists, God expects respect of what He said over what He has not said! [Rom 14:23; Heb 7:12-14] It has been said that men are not divided over what the Bible says, but over what the Bible does not say! Must labor to be Correct : it is impossible for any 2 contradictory doctrines both to be right! It does matter WHAT we believe! [Gal 1:6-9; 2 Jn 9-11] It is axiomatic that truth can never contradict itself! Either a thing is true or it is a lie: it cannot be both at once! True authority is Objective : the standard upon which judgment is based is knowable, impartial, and available to all! [Rom 3:21-23; Acts 17:30-31]

25 AUTHORITY Next Time: Biblical methods for determining Conservative, Correct, and Objective Bible Authority

26 Acts 10:34-35 Gods Authority to save or to judge!! Romans 1:16-17


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