2 Complements Word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb Can be a noun, pronoun, or adjectiveIncomplete: Jason askedComplete: Jason asked a questionIncomplete: She isComplete: She is an extrovert.Remember!Adverbs are never complements.Complements are never inside a prepositional phrase.Complements may be compound.
3 Direct ObjectsNoun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verbAnswers “what” or “whom” + did + S + VComes after a transitive action verb ONLYExamplesThe astronauts finally entered space after a delayed launch.The committee asked the board members for more money.Are you buying a novel or a magazine from the book fair?DODODODO
4 Indirect ObjectsNoun, pronoun, or word group that sometimes appears in sentences containing direct objectsTells to whom, to what, for whom, or for whatAnswers “to whom” + did + S + V + DOFollows transitive action verbs ONLY and must have a DOExamplesThe biology professor showed her students examples of osmosis.Daniel’s friends threw him and his twin brother a birthday party.Pam and Jim gave whoever walked in the door a nametag.IODOIOIODOIODO
5 Subject ComplementCompletes the meaning of a LV and identifies or describes the subject.NOT in a prepositional phraseExamplesHillary Clinton was a presidential candidateThe students felt happy after serving at the homeless shelter.Plenty of rest was just what the doctor ordered.
6 Predicate Nominative Is in the predicate Identifies the subject or refers to itCan only be a noun or a pronounExamplesThe Boston Massacre was a tragic event in 1770.The English king during the American Revolution was George III.A boatswain is an officer on a ship.PNPNPN
7 Predicate Adjective Is in the predicate Describes the subject Examples Some colonial leaders remained loyal to King George III after the Boston Tea Party.Patrick Henry was very outspoken in defending colonial rights.Grammar is fun and helpful!PAPAPAPA