Presentation on theme: "URBAN PLANNING IMPERATIVES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING BY Prof A.K.Maitra."— Presentation transcript:
URBAN PLANNING IMPERATIVES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING BY Prof A.K.Maitra
The future of human settlements lie in ENVIRONMENTALLY SATISFACTORY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY Sustainability in Brundtland Report has been defined as to provide for the needs of the present generation without compromising the abilities of future generations to meet their needs
BRUNDTLAND S DEFINITION OF DEVELOPMENT environment is where we all live and development is what we do to improve our living within it
Urban planning paradigms environmental satisfaction and sustainable development would become key paradigms for future of urban settlements
How would the profession be able to respond to this rise in phenomenal demand for ordered Sustainable urban development?
Thus, we have three major areas of concern – Development v/s Sustainability, Equity in opportunities and development, and Affordability of the settlement on the basis of equity
PLANNING PARADIGMS The key-word is sustainable development. Development can only be sustained when it keeps pace with the rising expectations of the population. While ordering the pattern of human settlements one should bear in mind that compatibility between ecological balance and the technological options is ensured
ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING It is possible to identify few major areas of environmental concern, whose input in the process of Development Plan ls crucial: (1) Shelter with particular reference to urban poor; (2) Environmental infrastructure with emphasis on affordability by the poor; (3) Factors of climate, land erosion and landscaping on living environment; (4) Interface between man made and natural environment; (5) Vehicular traffic as a source of environmental hazard and acoustical considerations;
ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING (6) Energy as a tool of development control and provision of access to alternate appropriate technologies; (7) Industrial location on the basis of typology and environmental hazard; (8) Environmental legislation, monitoring, evaluation and management; (9) Impact assessment of development.
URBAN PLANNING URBAN PLANNING DEALS WITH DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF LAND LAND IS A RENEWABLE RESOURCE IF PUT TO ECOLOGICALLY SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION URBAN DEVELOPMENT IS A PERMANENT COSUMER OF LAND
ROLE OF PLANNERS ANTICIPATE THE IMPACT OF DEVELOPMENT ON ENVIRONMNET ASSESS THE IMPACT LEVEL EVOLVE MITIGATION MEASURES ADOPT MEASURES TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION RECYCLE RESOURCES RENEW THE RESOURCES.
ADOPT ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES IN PLANNING ASSESSMENT OF CARRYING CAPACITY ROLE OF PLANNERS Contd
SHELTER CONCERNS Technical Group : Min of ESTIMATES Urban Housing shortage :24.71m by the end of 11 th Plan ( ) To provide sustainable and affordable housing it is necessary to make available: Developed land Finance Infrastructure Building labour and professionals Building materials
MISSION FOCUS Focus of Sustainable Habitat Mission Energy Efficiency in Buildings Urban Transport Waste Management
Building blocks of Urban system for climate concerns
SUSTAINABLE HABITAT PARADIGMS Habitat policy to be meaningful should promote development efforts that Improve peoples livelihood, working environment Improve the environment of living Improve health and welfare Stop wasteful emissions Ensure equitable opportunities
Availability of Land Acquisition of land for development is getting increasingly difficult Cost of land for development is disproportionately high compared to total development cost Cost of Development of land includes cost of infrastructure. Economy in cost of Infrastructure is possible through appropriate planning
Planning options Release of under developed urban land Reevaluation of existing developed area effective incentives can release development potential Improvement of infrastructure and affordable housing may bring poor closer to the work centres. Redevelopment of existing areas can make cities more livable This calls for change and paradigm shift in urban planning process.
Role of building materials Building Materials contribute 30-40% to the cost of the building Economy in the use of building materials can have impact on cost Information system on building materials and quality control can result in informrd choice Assessment of energy cost of building materials can contribute to reduction in cost both embodied and recurring.
Labour Building labour force are untrained and belong to informal workforce. Productivity is poor Lack of training and certification of standard contributes to poor workmanship and high maintenance cost Time overrun on construction adds to the cost
Conclusion Providing sustainable housing to all sections of the population should be the goal of development The three broad parameters on sustainable habitat should be the cornerstone of both planning and housing policies