Pay attention to your enemies, for they are the first to discover your mistakes – Antisthenes Jesus went further: love your enemies Matthew 5:43-48 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so? Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
Love your neighbor, Lv.19:18 Jews (43)… Added: Hate your enemy Personal Asserted: Enemy = Gentile Pro.24:17 Omitted: As yourself Mt.19:19; 22:39 Changed: Neighbor = Jew Lv.19:33-34
Who is my neighbor? Pro.25:21-22 Lk.10:25-37 4 If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again. 5 If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying under its burden, and you would refrain from helping it, you shall surely help him with it –Ex.23:4-5 1. Answers who is my neighbor? 2. Shows how to be a neighbor 3. Illustrates Mt.7:12 (Lk.6:31)
How to treat our enemies? (44) Lk.6:27-28 Love Love : more than a feeling Do good to Do good to : active good will Bless Bless : they call down curses on us… Pray for Pray for : prayer kills bitterness
Children resemble their Father, 45 2 Pt.1:4 Dont do what comes naturally For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been recon- ciled, we shall be saved by His life –Ro.5:10
Does our righteousness exceed? 46-47, if we love only those who love us, we do no better than tax collectors More More (v.20) Pharisees Tax collectors Gentiles Sinners (Lk.6:32) Does our love extend to the unlovable? One hand washes another
Therefore you... be perfect (48) Perfect Perfect: pert. to being fully developed in a moral sense…God is a role model for unlimited display of beneficence …the goal is attainment of likeness to God (BDAG, 996) Ex.12:5, lamb Ph.3:12, 15 Be like your Father Lv.19:2, holy Lk.6:36, mercy Our pattern: Lk.23:34
Albert Plumber If a person does evil to those who do him good, thats devilish. Do good to someone that does you good, thats human. If you do good to one that does you evil, thats divine.
I. The Passage (What?) II. The Practice (So What?)
Love always costs John 3:16 Enemy: cant get even… My rightsGospel ?
Hate costs us even more 1 Sm.25:…26…32-35 We can avoid grudges, hatred, and retaliation (Ph.4:13)
Avoiding hatred The Word Mt.4:1-11 Prayer Mt.6:12, 14-15 Our destiny Mt.18:21-35 Jesus example Lk.23:34 Our example Ro.2:24 Self-control Ro.12:17 Memory Ep.2:11-12; 4:1-2 Time Ja.1:19-20
God will judge our... Words Words (Mt.12:36-37) Deeds Deeds (Jd.15) Thoughts Thoughts (Ac.8:20, 22; 1 Jn.3:15)