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For the Lord God of Israel says that He hates divorce, for it covers ones garment with violence, says the Lord of hosts. Malachi 2:16.

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Presentation on theme: "For the Lord God of Israel says that He hates divorce, for it covers ones garment with violence, says the Lord of hosts. Malachi 2:16."— Presentation transcript:

1 For the Lord God of Israel says that He hates divorce, for it covers ones garment with violence, says the Lord of hosts. Malachi 2:16

2 Marriage Remarriage?

3 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature Some highlights of the modern view of divorce: A disunion (bond-breaking) of legally-married people Is the breaking of a legal marriage contract Involves formal, legal action Results in permanent separation of legal association

4 Divorce Definitions Remember: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, and legal codes do not create word definitions; rather, they reflect what is common usage of the day. Therefore, if we desire to analyze a word in its context, it helps if we understand that words origins and meaning at the time it was used.

5 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature O. T. Hebrew and N. T. Greek word meanings Generic Bible definitions: Some highlights of the biblical view of divorce: Dis-union (putting away) of husband [N.T.] or wife Involves legal, formal action – a certificate of divorce Usually seen as negative: desert, abandon, adultery

6 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature Generic Bible definitions: Deut. 24 is basis for O.T. regulation of divorce O. T. Hebrew and N. T. Greek word meanings Specific Bible definitions: [application] – no permission or approval; only if/then

7 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature Generic Bible definitions: Deut. 24 is basis for O.T. regulation of divorce O. T. Hebrew and N. T. Greek word meanings Specific Bible definitions: [application] Jesus clarifies: Mt 5:31-32; teaching on adultery

8 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature Generic Bible definitions: Deut. 24 is basis for O.T. regulation of divorce O. T. Hebrew and N. T. Greek word meanings Specific Bible definitions: [application] Jesus clarifies: Mt 19:1-12; Mk 10:1-12; lawful?

9 Matthew 19:1-12 (1) Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these sayings, that He departed from Galilee and came to the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. (2) And great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there. (3) The Pharisees also came to Him, testing Him, and saying to Him, Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason? (4) And He answered and said to them, Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning made them male and female.

10 Matthew 19:1-12 (6) So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate. (7) They said to Him, Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away? (8) He said to them, Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. (5) and said, For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh ?

11 Matthew 19:1-12 (11) But He said to them, All cannot accept this saying, but only those to whom it has been given: (12) For there are eunuchs who were born thus from their mothers womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heavens sake. He who is able to accept it, let him accept it. (10) His disciples said to Him, If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry. (9) And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery.

12 Mark 10:1-12 (1) Then He arose from there and came to the region of Judea by the other side of the Jordan. And multitudes gathered to Him again, and as He was accustomed, He taught them again. (2) The Pharisees came and asked Him, Is it lawful for a man to divorce His wife? testing Him. (3) And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you? (4) They said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce, and to dismiss her.

13 Mark 10:1-12 (6) But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female. (7) For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, (8) and the two shall become one flesh; so then they are no longer two, but one flesh. (5) And Jesus answered and said to them, Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.

14 Mark 10:1-12 (9) Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate. (10) In the house, His disciples also asked Him again about the same matter. (11) So He said to them, Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. (12) And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.

15 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions testing Him [19:3; 10:2]; not an honest question Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 answered question on divorce by teaching marriage Gods truth about marriage should abolish divorce!

16 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions Pharisees position; would Jesus challenge them? Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 Is it lawful? [19:3; 10:2]; hasnt God said so? to divorce…(for just any reason)? [(19:3); 10:2] Condemnation of their abuse of Deut. 24 What did Moses command you? [Mk 10:3] cp. their: Why then did Moses command… [19:7] Moses permitted…a certificate of divorce [10:4] only because of sin, not a command! [19:8; 10:5] command is one flesh: do not separate! [19:6; 10:9]

17 Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Is it lawful to divorce for just any reason? From the beginning… [Gods universal law] MALEFEMALE joined one flesh let not man separate Why then did Moses command…certificate of divorce? …permitted because of the hardness of your hearts 1 st affirmation: It is NOT LAWFUL!! It is from SIN!!

18 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions General Rule: divorce brings about adultery Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 Basis is Gen 2 – let not man separate [19:6; 10:9] Condemnation of their abuse of Deut. 24 Clarification of real issue behind divorce is adultery lawful? [19:3; 10:3; Ex 20:14; Dt 5:18] whoever divorces and marries… [19:9; 10:11-12] whoever marries her who is divorced [19:9] NO! Adultery is contrary to the LAW! cp. also Luke 16:14-18 [self-justified, not lawful!]

19 Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 …what God has joined…, let not man separate MALEFEMALE joined Whoever divorces his wife… If a woman divorces her husband and marries another GENERAL RULE: commits adultery 2 nd affirmation: It is NOT LAWFUL!! It is adultery!! and marries another ANOTHER Whoever marries her who is divorced MALE Is it lawful to divorce for just any reason?

20 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions This has been said (taught) to them [Mt 5:31] Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 Is it lawful…to divorce…for just any reason? [19:3] Condemnation of their abuse of Deut. 24 Clarification of real issue behind divorce Sexual immorality is lawful reason; ANY other isnt for any reason except sexual immorality [5:32] except for sexual immorality [19:9] Explanation of exception not causing adultery Jesus, fulfilling Law [Mt 5:17-20; Rm 8:3-4], says:

21 Matthew 5:31-32 & 19:1-12 MALEFEMALE joined Whoever divorces his wife… GENERAL RULE: commits adultery and marries another ANOTHER Is it lawful to divorce for just any reason?

22 Matthew 5:31-32 & 19:1-12 MALEFEMALE joined Whoever divorces his wife… GENERAL RULE: commits adultery …and marries another ANOTHER Is it lawful to divorce for just any reason? Sexual Immorality except for sexual immorality Conclusion: Divorce for sexual immorality does not commit adultery – the adultery already happened. Christ: It is lawful to divorce [only] for sexual immorality

23 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 …it is better not to marry(!) [19:10-12] Condemnation of their abuse of Deut. 24 Clarification of real issue behind divorce some to be physical eunuchs [19:12] (birth, men) some to be spiritual eunuchs [19:12] (for kingdom) Explanation of exception not causing adultery Is an over-reaction, but Jesus says may need be so: Reaction of disciples shows seriousness of issue some unable (unwilling) to accept! [19:12]

24 Divorce Matthew 19:1-12 & Mark 10:1-12 Response to a false question from the Pharisees Definitions Mt 19, Mk 10 are Jesus commentary on Gen. 2 …it is better not to marry(!) [19:10-12] Condemnation of their abuse of Deut. 24 Clarification of real issue behind divorce Jesus clarifies that whether the man or the woman initiates divorce, the general result is adultery Explanation of exception not causing adultery They, too, had been taught divorce for any reason Reaction of disciples shows seriousness of issue …asked Him again about the same… [10:10-12]

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26 Divorce Definitions Generic modern definitions: Merriam-Webster, Wordnet, Wikipedia; etc. Specific modern legal definitions: [application] South Carolina and other state Legislature Generic Bible definitions: Deut. 24 is basis for O.T. regulation of divorce O. T. Hebrew and N. T. Greek word meanings Specific Bible definitions: [application] Jesus clarifies: Mt 5:31-32; 19:1-12; Mk 10:1-12

27 Forthcoming (as the Lord wills): Wed. August 26 Rom. 7; Mk. 6: Marriage vs. Bond and the other exception Wed. September 9 1 Cor. 7: not to depart let him depart and not under bondage Wed. September 16 1 Cor. 7: remain unmarried or be reconciled are you loosed…?

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