Presentation on theme: "NATURAL ORGANIC and BIOLOGICAL FARMING INTRODUCTION TO: NATURAL FARMING With ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY (An Attempt to go back to Mother Nature)"— Presentation transcript:
NATURAL ORGANIC and BIOLOGICAL FARMING INTRODUCTION TO: NATURAL FARMING With ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY (An Attempt to go back to Mother Nature)
Bellringer EXPLAIN IN COMPLETE SENTENCES WHAT ARE NONORGANIC FARMING METHODS
ORGANIC FARM PRODUCTS All kinds of agricultural products are produced organically, including produce, grains, meat, dairy, eggs, fibers such as fruits, vegetables, grains, root crops, spices, flowers, ornamentals and processed food products. Poultry and livestock raised and feed with organic feeds in natural environment.
Essential characteristics of organic systems include: 1. Design and implementation of an "organic system plan" that describes the practices used in producing crops and livestock products; 2. A detailed recordkeeping system that tracks all products from the field to point of sale; and 3. Maintenance of buffer zones to prevent inadvertent contamination by synthetic farm chemicals from adjacent conventional fields.
HOW DO ORGANIC FARMING WORK? Organic farming build healthy soils by nourishing the living component of the soil, the microbial inhabitants that release, transform, and transfer nutrients. Soil organic matter contributes to good soil structure and water-holding capacity. Introduce vermi-culture composting. Adopt green manureing.
SOIL MICROBS Organic farming feed soil biota (Soil inoculants - microorganism) and build soil structure and water- holding capacity. Organic farmers build soil organic matter with cover crops, compost, and biologically based soil amendments.
These produce healthy plants that are better able to resist disease and insect predation. Organic farmers' primary strategy in controlling pests and diseases is prevention through good plant nutrition and management.
COVER CROPS Organic farmers use cover crops and sophisticated crop rotations to manage the field ecology, effectively disrupting habitat for weeds, insects, and disease organisms. Weeds are controlled through crop rotation, mechanical tillage, and hand-weeding, as well as through cover crops, mulches, and other management methods.
Organic farming rely on a diverse population of soil organisms, beneficial insects, and birds to keep pests in check. When pest populations get out of balance, growers implement a variety of strategies such as the use of insect predators, mating disruption, traps and barriers.
ORGANIC PROGRAM RULES Under the National Organic Program Rule, growers are required to use sanitation and cultural practices first before they can resort to applying a material to control a weed, pest or disease problem. Use of these materials in organic production is regulated, strictly monitored, and documented. As a last resort, certain botanical or other non- synthetic pesticides may be applied.
Natural Farming Practices Zero cultivation and following, (Rest and rejuvenate the soil). Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Insect traps, lure and attractants. Use of Biological pest control (natural enemies of pest) Use of Organic Compost fertilizer and bio micro inoculants. Use of Organic Pest and Disease control materials (HOC–Herbal Organic Concentrate)
REVIEW Use of indigenous resistant plant varieties and strain. Practice crop rotation and following (resting the soil for some time). Growing and inter-cropping of pest repellant and herbal plants. Integrated cropping pattern to prevent growth of toxic weeds. Growing the right crop on the right soil, climate and at the right time
BIOLOGICAL FARMING The objectives of Biological Farming as part of Natural Farming is to produce food crops without the use and traces of toxic synthetic chemical product. In this case, we will be using living organisms from the microscopic beneficial fungus and bacteria to insects and animals and other life forms.
MATERIALS USED IN NATURAL FARMING SYSTEMS: Review Organic pesticides and repellants. Organic fungicides and antibiotics. Organic compost fertilizers w/ BMO. Organic Foliar Fertilizer w/ BMO. Biological Pest Control agents: 1. Beneficial fungus, bacteria & yeast. 2. Use of parasites and predators. 3. Birds, animals feeding on pests.
HOC – Herbal Organic Concentrate We have very good news. We developed a new organic product that can replace many Agro Chemicals used in conventional farming. It is HOC-4n1, with four properties: 1. Foliar Fertilizer with trace elements 2. Pest Repellant 3. Insecticide 4. Fungicide 5. With BMO (Beneficial Microorganism)
HOMEWORK EXPLAIN YOUR TWO WAYS OF YOUR PLANTING SEEDS AND TREES: USING ORGANIC AND NONORGANIC FARMING METHODS