Presentation on theme: "1 Application of exercise 1st lecture goal of course values and needs attitudes concepts special groups."— Presentation transcript:
1 Application of exercise 1st lecture goal of course values and needs attitudes concepts special groups
2 GOAL OF COURSE to get familiar with people with different needs,hopes and challenges in physical activity to get to know the diverse world of special physical activities to get rid of fears and prejudices
5 VALUES OF APPLIED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Equality Fairness Accessibilty of activity Everyone is unique and important Other?
7 MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS From physiology to self expression
8 ATTITUDES CHANGE! Correct information and positive experiences Slow but possible For instance negative attitudes of teachers are the biggest hindrance for integration/inclusion in schools
9 ATTITUDEDS ARE REFLECTED IN SPEECH Crippled Handicapped Handicapped person A person with a handicap Matti or Maija (just name) bad attitude good attitude
10 Knowledge and skills dont help much if attitude is wrong MOTTO OF COURSE
11 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR SPECIAL GROUPS Physical activity for people who, because of injury,illness or another impairment of working order, find it hard to participate in publicly offered activities and whose physical exercises require adaptation and special competence. KoM 1996:15. Erityisryhmien liikunta 2000-toimikunnan mietintö. Helsinki, Ministry of education.
13 CONCEPTS OF APPLIED PHYSICAL EDUCATION Applied or special physical education Adaptive or adapted physical education Physical education or sport for handicapped Adapted Physical Activity or Special Physical Education Participating physical education Common physical education Open for all physical education
14 SPECIAL GROUPS:PEOPLE WITH FOR INSTANCE: Injury or illness of locomotor system Injury or illness of CNS Disturbance or delay in development Sensory handicap Illness of cardiorespiratory system Illness of metabolic system Mental disturbance Seniors with troubles in working order Others,for instance immigrants
15 NUMBER OF SPECIAL GROUP PEOPLE In Finland people who benefit of applied physical education roughly 20-25% of population Of school age children 10-20% would benefit from applied physical education In each class 1-2 special need children exist
16 Think about handicap situations! What kind of thoughts does for instance losing locomotor ability in a car crash create? Possibility of having a disabled child? What is the hardest thing to lose: sight, hearing or locomotor ability (partly, for instance having to use wheelchair)? Is it different to be born handicapped or to become handicapped later in life?