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Contingency Approach to Leadership Effectiveness Leader-Situation Fit.

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Presentation on theme: "Contingency Approach to Leadership Effectiveness Leader-Situation Fit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Contingency Approach to Leadership Effectiveness Leader-Situation Fit

2 PRINCIPLE DETERMINE PERSON-SITUATION FIT FOR LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS Situational Aspect of Leadership Focus: Situational Aspect of Leadership

3 Major Premise Leader must fit the situation Situation determines who will emerge and be effective as a leader In other words

4 Fiedlers Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness Leader effectiveness depends on the interaction between: personal traits and situational variables

5 Traits & Situation Personal Traits: Task Orientation (initiating structure) Relationship Orientation (consideration) Situational Variable: Favorability of the Situation (low-medium-high)

6 Favorability of the Situation Leader-Members Relationship (how accepted the leader is) Degree of Task Structure (how structured the task is) Leaders Position of Power (How much formal authority the leader has) Positive relationship

7 Leadership Effectiveness Leaders effectiveness will depend on the appropriateness of the match between: Task or relationship personal orientation & The level of favorability of the situation

8 Match Alternatives Level of Favorability HighMediumLow Leadership Style Task Oriented Relationship Oriented Task Oriented

9 LPC and Situational Favorableness Low LPC High LPC Validation Studies Original Studies FUF ToL RoL

10 TAKE-HOME MESSAGE FIT matters


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