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Physicists on the Money

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(1867-1917) appears on the Norwegian 200 Kroner note. Birkeland was a pioneer in studying the magnetic field of the earth and the aurora borealis. KRISTIAN BIRKELAND

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(1885-1962) appears on the Danish 500 Kroner note. Bohr was one of the main architects of the quantum theory. He created the first quantized model of the atom (the Bohr model). NIELS BOHR

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(1711-1787) appeared on a series of Croatian notes. (The 25 Dinar is shown here.) Boscovich made contributions to the theory of orbital mechanics and was one of the first to speculate about the forces between atoms. RUGGERO BOSCOVICH

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(1473-1543) appeared on the Polish 1000 Zloty note. He was the first modern scientist to propose a model of the solar system in which the sun was at the center, circled by the planets moving in orbits, but not supported by any invisible crystal spheres. NICOLAUS COPERNICUS

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(Marie: 1867-1934, Pierre: 1859-1906) appear on the French 500 franc note. (45 K) They led the discovery and classification of radioactive elements and shared the 1903 Nobel prize for that work. Marie Curie won a second Nobel in 1911 for her work on radium. MARIE AND PIERRE CURIE

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(1879-1955) appeared on the Israeli 5 pound note. The greatest physicist of the twentieth century, Einstein not only invented the theories of special relativity, and general relativity. ALBERT EINSTEIN

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LEONHARD EULER (1707-1783), the Swiss mathematical physicist appears on the Swiss 10 franc note.He made numerous contributions to mathematical physics including the theory of fluid flow, and the theory of rotations of rigid bodies.

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appears on the British 20 pound note. Faraday was one of the primary discoverers of the properties of electricity and magnetism and their relationship. MICHAEL FARADAY

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was a pioneer in the field of electricity. He first proposed the conservation of electric charge. He appears on the American 100 dollar bill. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

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appears on the German 10 mark note. In addition to his many contributions to mathematics, Gauss made important discoveries in the theories of electromagnetism. FREDERICH GAUSS

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appeared on the Italian 2000 Lire note. In some sense, he was the first modern scientist. He made critical discoveries of how to think about moving bodies. GALILEO GALLILEI

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(1629-1695) appears on an out-of-date 25 guilder note from the Netherlands. Huygens was a contemporary of Newton's who made many important discoveries and inventions. As a result of improvements that he made to the telescope, he was the first to realize that Saturn had rings. (Galileo thought it was a "triple planet".) He made the first pendulum clock. CHRISTIAN HUYGENS

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constructed the first chemical battery. He appears on the Italian 10,000 Lire note. ALLESANDRO VOLTA

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(1856-1943) was born in Croatia and immigrated to America. He contributed to the development of electrical technology. Here he is displayed on black and white scan of a 10 Billion Dinar note from the period of the great inflation just before the breakup of Yugoslavia. NIKOLA TESLA

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appeared on the British one pound note. Newton was probably the greatest physicist in history. His work established fundamental elements of the scientific style of inquiry. He made major discoveries in the theory of motion, our understanding of the nature of light, gravitation, and the properties of matter. ISAAC NEWTON

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Made by Nikolina Ojvan

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