Presentation on theme: "GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers"— Presentation transcript:
1 GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers Seven important headings:MarketingBreedingHousingFeedingWelfareHealthBiosecurity
2 MarketingMake sure there is someone who is going to buy your pigs and pay for them;Decide which type of pig you are going to sell:WeanersPorkers, orBaconers3. Make sure you can finance all the expenses until your first pigs are ready to sell
3 Records are importantTattoos are compusory Informal records are OK
4 Breeding Decide what type of pig will suit your farm best; Don’t buy other people’s problemsPlan a program that is going to fit your resources –CashFeedhousing
5 Breeds to think aboutLarge White SA LandraceDurocKolbrookc
6 Housing 1, Indoors or outdoors or both; 2. Basic protection against sun and cold does not have to be expensive;3. Mothers and babies are special and need extra care
7 WelfarePigs must be protected against thirst, hunger, pain, fear, extreme heat and cold, diseases;Pigs in pens are entirely dependent on their care givers for all their needs;Certain procedures may be done by stockmen, such as: injecting, tattooing, wound treatment, tail-clipping
8 Health and disease Three common problems:- 1. Malnutrition – food is too little, too watery, rotten or toxic;2. Scours (diarrhoea) in young pigs3. Mange: itchy diseased skin – pigs of all ages
9 Biosecurity1. Diseases are spread mainly by pigs, people, bad food, vehicles, workers;2. Protect your pigs with: pig-proof fence, locked gate,healthy replacement stock, no speculators on site; Never feed swill from restaurants or harbours or food that contains animal tissues ;3. Use the help that is available from Veterinarians, nutritionists, animal scientists.
10 Disinfection must be well done Good fences pay Controlled access Transport vehicles must be clean
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