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Section 4-5: Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles

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Objective To use and apply properties of isosceles triangles.

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Vocabulary Legs of an isosceles triangle Base of an isosceles triangle Vertex angle of an isosceles triangle Base angles of an isosceles triangle corollary

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Isosceles Triangles Recall: an isosceles triangle is a triangle with at least two congruent sides. Parts of an isosceles triangle: The congruent sides of an isosceles triangle are the legs. The third side is the base. The two congruent sides form the vertex angle. The other two angles are the base angles.

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Theorem 4-3: “Isosceles Triangle Theorem” If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite those sides are congruent.

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Theorem 4-4: “Converse of Isosceles Triangle Theorem” If two angles of a triangle are congruent, then the sides opposite the angles are congruent.

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Theorem 4-5 The bisector of the vertex angle is the perpendicular bisector of the base.

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Find the value of y

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Corollary A corollary is a statement that follows immediately from a theorem.

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Corollary to Theorem 4-3 If a triangle is equilateral, then the triangle is equiangular.

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Corollary to Theorem 4-4 If a triangle is equiangular, then the triangle is equilateral.

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