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PROF DR NASIM A. KHAN VICE CHANCELLOR JAN 2011 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY BASED WATER RESOURCE SOLUTION MODEL FOR KARACHI.

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Presentation on theme: "PROF DR NASIM A. KHAN VICE CHANCELLOR JAN 2011 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY BASED WATER RESOURCE SOLUTION MODEL FOR KARACHI."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROF DR NASIM A. KHAN VICE CHANCELLOR JAN 2011 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY BASED WATER RESOURCE SOLUTION MODEL FOR KARACHI

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3 662 GPD 3200 Gallons per day (GPD) WATER STRESS LEVEL Pakistans Water Scenario

4 Pakistans Water Scenario (Trillion Gallons) Year Availability29 Requirement (including drinking water) 3137 Overall Shortfall (In trillion Gallons) 28 Source: Ten Year Perspective Development Plan , Planning Commission

5 Karachi Water Scenario SOURCE: KWSB 526 MGD

6 CURRENT WATER SUPPLY & DEMAND YEARPOPULATION MILLIONS WATER DEMAND MGD WATER SUPPLY MGD SHORTAGE MGD SOURCE: KWSB 2007

7 HAMDARD UNIVERSITY ALTERNATIVE ENERGY BASED WATER SOLUTION MODEL (WSM)

8 Concept WATER SUSTAINABILITY- CRISIS TO SOLUTION The Crisis is Looming over Pakistan and is expected to create many civil issues. Instead of 45 gallons (standard of WHO) Karachi citizens are getting only 25 gallons/day. The total being received for various utilities in Karachi for consumption is again200 million gallons less. It is therefore our responsibility to create awareness and process solutions for Water Crisis.

9 Concept WATER SUSTAINABILITY- CRISIS TO SOLUTION WATER SUSTAINABILITY – –River water will not be able to meet future demands –Changing weather patterns may also change water from rivers –Global and local warming is anticipated to reduce the snow accumulation in mountains thereby affecting river water adversely –Sustained water source is only sea

10 Concept WATER SUSTAINABILITY- CRISIS TO SOLUTION CRISIS TO SOLUTION –Provision of Fresh water –Sea water is the natural solution for lower Sindh and Balochistans coastal belt –Energy cost that comprise 80%-85% of operating cost can be reduced by using wind and other alternative means –Use of gravity to supplement Reverse Osmosis pressure will further reduce energy requirements Wind lean period can be alleviated by extra additional storage Wind turbine once locally made will reduce the cost as well as provide additional jobs

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25 CONCLUSION

26 Similar Water pumping example in Karachi, Pakistan Concept is not theoretical as already similar examples exists in Karachi as follows

27 MGD Hub Dam Water Channel Arriving at Hub Water Pumping Station on Shahrah-e-Madinat AlHikmah

28 HUB PUMPING STATION AVERAGE WATER PUMPED= 110 TO 115 MILLION GALLONS / DAY (MGD) HEIGHT OF STORAGE TANK= 182 FEET SIZE OF PIPE= 66 INCHES PUMPED IN TWO SETS WITH 5.8 MW AND 6.8 MW POWER SOURCE: HUB PUMPING STATION

29 HUB WATER PUMPING STATION (SET-1) ITEMMOTOR MGD KWNUMBERSTOTAL KWTOTAL MGD SIZE , ,20025 TOTAL , SOURCE: HUB PUMPING STATION

30 HUB WATER PUMPING STATION (SET-2) ITEMMOTOR MGD KWNUMBERSTOTAL KWTOTAL MGD SIZE , ,40030 TOTAL--66, SOURCE: HUB PUMPING STATION

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33 SOURCE: HUB WATER FILTERATION PLANT HUB WATER IN LET AT FILTERATION PLANT

34 SOURCE: HUB WATER FILTERATION PLANT WATER FILTERATION PLANT

35 SOURCE: HUB WATER FILTERATION PLANT 80 MGD WATER STORAGE TANK

36 CONCLUSION

37 ASSOCIATED AREAS RECYCLING OF WASTE SEWAGE WATER TWO PIPE CONCEPT RAIN WATER HARVESTING INTEGRATED PLANNING FOR WATER WATER CONSERVATION ENFORCED DEVELOP RO TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS LOCALLY TO REDUCE COST OF DESALINATION


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