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Facilitating Logistics for Improving Supply Chain Javaid Mansoor Executive Secretary National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee International.

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Presentation on theme: "Facilitating Logistics for Improving Supply Chain Javaid Mansoor Executive Secretary National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Facilitating Logistics for Improving Supply Chain Javaid Mansoor Executive Secretary National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee International Conference on Logistics & Supply Chain Lahore, 22 nd November 2011

2 Supply Chain Management Involves efficiently integrating: Involves efficiently integrating: suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, transporters and customers to distribute right product or service to distribute right product or service in right quantities to right locations at the right time in order to in order to minimize system-wide costs and satisfying customer requirements to achieve sustainable competitive advantage to achieve sustainable competitive advantage

3 APTFF 2011

4 Business Environment of 21 st Century Globalization, multinational companies, joint ventures, strategic alliances and business partnerships Globalization, multinational companies, joint ventures, strategic alliances and business partnerships Standardized quality, minimum inventory, short lead time and just- in-time delivery of goods and services for achieving competitiveness Standardized quality, minimum inventory, short lead time and just- in-time delivery of goods and services for achieving competitiveness Extensive use of information technology Extensive use of information technology Adoption of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems Adoption of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems Use of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR) techniques Use of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR) techniques Outsourcing of materials and services Outsourcing of materials and services Emphasis on reduction of transaction costs Emphasis on reduction of transaction costs Dell, Wal-Mart and Proctor & Gamble are examples of such successful enterprises Dell, Wal-Mart and Proctor & Gamble are examples of such successful enterprises

5 APTFF 2011

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8 Emergence of e-business and Virtual Integration Developments in information and communication technology have enabled e-business Developments in information and communication technology have enabled e-business Traditional boundaries among them are getting curtailed Traditional boundaries among them are getting curtailed Suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and end-users in a supply chain are being virtually integrated Suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and end-users in a supply chain are being virtually integrated Suppliers and customer are trading over the internet in real-time to create maximum value Suppliers and customer are trading over the internet in real-time to create maximum value

9 Supply Chain in e-Business Environment

10 Pakistan Example of e-business and Virtual Supply Chain A manufacturer of eye glasses in Karachi A manufacturer of eye glasses in Karachi has facility for manufacturing lenses and maintains stock of imported frames; and has facility for manufacturing lenses and maintains stock of imported frames; and has developed online connectivity with opticians in USA has developed online connectivity with opticians in USA Patient visiting optician in USA selects, over internet, frame from catalogue maintained by manufacturer in Pakistan Patient visiting optician in USA selects, over internet, frame from catalogue maintained by manufacturer in Pakistan Optician sends prescription with catalogue number of frame to manufacturer by email Optician sends prescription with catalogue number of frame to manufacturer by email Glasses are couriered by manufacturer to optician or patient as instructed Glasses are couriered by manufacturer to optician or patient as instructed Payment is received by manufacturer electronically Payment is received by manufacturer electronically

11 Modern Logistics Practices Logistics services are increasingly outsourced and subcontracted to specialists or logistics partners such as freight forwarders Logistics services are increasingly outsourced and subcontracted to specialists or logistics partners such as freight forwarders Modern freight forwarders provide comprehensive service from point of origin to destination Modern freight forwarders provide comprehensive service from point of origin to destination These may include transport, warehousing, packaging, inventory control and even security These may include transport, warehousing, packaging, inventory control and even security Logistics has critical role in creating and maintaining competitive advantage Logistics has critical role in creating and maintaining competitive advantage Cost and quality of service by the logistics service provider is extremely important Cost and quality of service by the logistics service provider is extremely important Many products have a life cycle or have to meet a production schedule deadline Many products have a life cycle or have to meet a production schedule deadline Delay in delivery is not acceptable Delay in delivery is not acceptable

12 Provision of Logistics Services in Pakistan Logistics services are mainly provided by freight forwarders Logistics services are mainly provided by freight forwarders Many are not sufficiently well organized to provide a comprehensive range of services Many are not sufficiently well organized to provide a comprehensive range of services Qualifications and level of professional competence needs improvement to meet requirements of modern supply chain Qualifications and level of professional competence needs improvement to meet requirements of modern supply chain PIFFA is doing commendable work by conducting courses for training of freight forwarders PIFFA is doing commendable work by conducting courses for training of freight forwarders Some regulatory arrangement is required to ensure satisfactory provision of logistics services Some regulatory arrangement is required to ensure satisfactory provision of logistics services

13 Liberalization of Trade Environment WTO Doha Development Agenda is stalled WTO Doha Development Agenda is stalled This has resulted in proliferation of: This has resulted in proliferation of: Regional Trade Agreements Regional Trade Agreements Free Trade Agreements Free Trade Agreements Preferential Trade Agreements Preferential Trade Agreements Pakistan is least connected through trade agreements Pakistan is least connected through trade agreements This imposes greater demand for competitiveness on Pakistani enterprises This imposes greater demand for competitiveness on Pakistani enterprises

14 Role of NTTFC to Facilitate Logistics and International Trade Supported PIFFA in conducting Freight Forwarders Training for Trainers workshops in Karachi and Lahore Supported PIFFA in conducting Freight Forwarders Training for Trainers workshops in Karachi and Lahore Coordinating with Pakistan Customs for implementation of fully computerized Customs clearance system Coordinating with Pakistan Customs for implementation of fully computerized Customs clearance system Produced UNLK harmonized formats of important international trade documents for conversion to electronic version Produced UNLK harmonized formats of important international trade documents for conversion to electronic version Coordinated with ministries for negotiation of APTTA 2010 Coordinated with ministries for negotiation of APTTA 2010 Pursuing with ministries for accession to international conventions to facilitate transit trade Pursuing with ministries for accession to international conventions to facilitate transit trade Pursuing with ministries to negotiate transit traffic agreements with Central Asian States Pursuing with ministries to negotiate transit traffic agreements with Central Asian States Pursuing enactment of various legislations relating to carriage of goods Pursuing enactment of various legislations relating to carriage of goods

15 Way Forward Industry Industry Adequately train human resource Adequately train human resource Adopt modern management practices like ERP and CPFR Adopt modern management practices like ERP and CPFR Adopt industry specific modern technology to improve quality of products to meet international standards Adopt industry specific modern technology to improve quality of products to meet international standards Reduce lead time and ensure timely delivery to remain internationally competitive Reduce lead time and ensure timely delivery to remain internationally competitive Freight Forwarders Freight Forwarders Adequately train human resource Adequately train human resource Raise quality and scope of services Raise quality and scope of services Ensure inbuilt capability to provide expected level of service satisfaction Ensure inbuilt capability to provide expected level of service satisfaction Take insurance to meet liabilities of contract of carriage in case of damage, loss or delay in delivery Take insurance to meet liabilities of contract of carriage in case of damage, loss or delay in delivery

16 Thank you for the attention j.mansoor@nttfc.org 021 35242570


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