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IT203 Unit 8: Database Security I Is It Secure? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice HallChapter8.1.

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Presentation on theme: "IT203 Unit 8: Database Security I Is It Secure? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice HallChapter8.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 IT203 Unit 8: Database Security I Is It Secure? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice HallChapter8.1

2 Overview Security is essential for any database that will be put into production. One way to begin thinking about security is to look at two terms: – Authentication – Authorization Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.2

3 Authentication Authentication is the process of determining if the person is, in fact, who he or she claims to be. This can be done in a variety of ways: – Login name and password – Certificate – Biometrics Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.3

4 Authorization Authorization is about authorizing a user to do things in the database. It involves setting permissions on objects and data. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.4

5 SQL Server Authentication SQL Server has two primary ways of authenticating users: – Windows authentication – SQL Server authentication Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.5

6 Windows Authentication In Windows Authentication, a windows or Active Directory account is mapped to a SQL Server Account. Users log into their Windows machine and access the SQL Server through this account. This is the preferred method of authentication. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.6

7 SQL Server Authentication In SQL Server or mixed authentication, a user is given a login name and a password for logging into the server. This is useful in environments where not every user has a Windows account. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.7

8 Example: Creating a SQL Server Login CREATE LOGIN StudentLogIn WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE=TutorManagement Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter_.8

9 Roles Roles are collections of permissions. Rather than try to assign and maintain individual user permissions, users can be assigned to a role that provides a common set of permissions. Roles provide a much more efficient and maintainable way of controlling user access to the database. New roles can be created as needed and SQL Server provides a set of built-in roles. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.9

10 Table of Built-in Roles Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.10 Database RoleDescription db_accessadminCan ALTER any User and create Schema db_backupoperatorGrants the user to back up and restore the particular database db_datareaderGrants the user SELECT on all Tables and Views in the database db_datawriter Grants the user INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE permissions on all Tables and Views db_ddladminGrants the ability to CREATE or ALTER any database object db_denydatareaderDenies SELECT on all Tables and Views db_denydatawriterDenies INSERT,UPDATE, and DELETE on all Tables and Views db_ownerGrants ownership and full permissions on all database objects db_securityadminGrants the ability to ALTER roles and CREATE Schema publicGrants access to database but by default has no permissions on any objects. Every user is a member of public as well as any other roles. The public role cannot be removed

11 Example: Creating a Role USE TutorManagement Go CREATE ROLE StudentRole Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter_.11

12 Schema Schema can be used to achieve results similar to roles. However, a role is a collection of permissions; a schema is a collection of objects owned by a schema. Users can be assigned to a schema and then assigned permissions on schema objects. When they log in, they will only see the objects in their schema. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.12

13 Analyzing Security Needs One way to analyze the security needs of a database is to look at the security requirements of each type of database user. You can analyze those needs in terms of specific permissions on tables and objects. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.13

14 Analysis Example Table nameSELECTINSERTUPDATEDELETEConstraints Student TutorX A public subset of tutor info CourseX StudentCourse Ethnicity SessionXX* *Only for own sessions RequestX RequestNoteX Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter8.14

15 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


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