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DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Frank Martin Custodial Training Specialist (301) 562-1737

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Presentation on theme: "DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Frank Martin Custodial Training Specialist (301) 562-1737"— Presentation transcript:

1 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Frank Martin Custodial Training Specialist (301)

2 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Four Reasons to be Work Four Reasons to be Work We have a responsibility to ourselves not to get injured.We have a responsibility to ourselves not to get injured. We have a responsibility to our family; when we are injured, we cant provide.We have a responsibility to our family; when we are injured, we cant provide. There is a responsibility to our co-workers; our actions must not endanger them.There is a responsibility to our co-workers; our actions must not endanger them. We have a responsibility to our company. Employee injury has a negative impact on productivity.We have a responsibility to our company. Employee injury has a negative impact on productivity.

3 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS The Policy Manual is located on the EMC Intranet (www.emcnet.biz) The Policy Manual is located on the EMC Intranet (www.emcnet.biz)www.emcnet.biz Volume III, Maintenance, Section F, Safety is the cornerstone for your Site Safety Program. Volume III, Maintenance, Section F, Safety is the cornerstone for your Site Safety Program. Every member of your staff should be provided with an updated copy. Every member of your staff should be provided with an updated copy.

4 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Review and document all chapters of Section F, Safety, with all new hires prior to their initial job assignment. You can either do Cold Stress for the winter months or Heat Stress for the summer months. Review and document all chapters of Section F, Safety, with all new hires prior to their initial job assignment. You can either do Cold Stress for the winter months or Heat Stress for the summer months. All chapters of Section F, Safety are to be reviewed annually. All chapters of Section F, Safety are to be reviewed annually.

5 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Document every safety training session, noting the date, attendees (recommend signatures & printed names), subject covered, manner of training & name of the trainer. Document every safety training session, noting the date, attendees (recommend signatures & printed names), subject covered, manner of training & name of the trainer. These documents should be kept in your Safety File & always available for review. These documents should be kept in your Safety File & always available for review.

6 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS EACH PROPERTY SHOULD PERFORM JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS EACH PROPERTY SHOULD PERFORM JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS Regulatory Requirements Regulatory Requirements No current OSHA standardNo current OSHA standard OSHA provides guidelines on Job hazard AnalysisOSHA provides guidelines on Job hazard Analysis It is also referred to as Job Safety AnalysisIt is also referred to as Job Safety Analysis OSHA is likely to review your hazard assessment programOSHA is likely to review your hazard assessment program

7 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS What is Job Hazard Analysis What is Job Hazard Analysis Method of identifying hazardsMethod of identifying hazards Means of breaking the process downMeans of breaking the process down System for employees to easily understand hazardsSystem for employees to easily understand hazards

8 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Job Hazard Analysis Job Hazard Analysis Involve your employees. A Job Hazard Analysis is a total team effort. It is very important to involve your employees in the hazard analysis process. They have the unique understanding of the job, and this knowledge is invaluable for finding hazards. Involving employees will help minimize oversights, ensure a quality analysis and get workers to buy in to the solutions because they will share ownership in the safety program.Involve your employees. A Job Hazard Analysis is a total team effort. It is very important to involve your employees in the hazard analysis process. They have the unique understanding of the job, and this knowledge is invaluable for finding hazards. Involving employees will help minimize oversights, ensure a quality analysis and get workers to buy in to the solutions because they will share ownership in the safety program.

9 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Why perform Job Hazard Analysis? Why perform Job Hazard Analysis? Identify existing hazardsIdentify existing hazards Identify potential hazardsIdentify potential hazards Prioritize corrective actionsPrioritize corrective actions Reduce and/or eliminate hazardsReduce and/or eliminate hazards

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11 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Benefits of Job Hazard Analysis Benefits of Job Hazard Analysis Reduces injuriesReduces injuries Reduces absenteeismReduces absenteeism Increases productivityIncreases productivity Increases moraleIncreases morale Protects employeesProtects employees Assists in standard-specific compliance, i.e., PPEAssists in standard-specific compliance, i.e., PPE

12 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS How Jobs Are Selected for Job Hazard Analysis How Jobs Are Selected for Job Hazard Analysis Jobs with high accident & injury ratesJobs with high accident & injury rates Close callsClose calls Jobs with procedure or process changesJobs with procedure or process changes All other jobsAll other jobs

13 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Inspections to Identify Hazards Inspections to Identify Hazards General InspectionGeneral Inspection Comprehensive Comprehensive Wall-to-wall Wall-to-wall Special InspectionSpecial Inspection Targeted Targeted Specific to exposure Specific to exposure Based on facility operations Based on facility operations Formal ToursFormal Tours Daily, weekly, monthly Daily, weekly, monthly Maintenance &production reviews Maintenance &production reviews

14 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS OSHA Guidelines for Inspections OSHA Guidelines for Inspections List departments & operations involvedList departments & operations involved List & describe operational activitiesList & describe operational activities Assign inspection datesAssign inspection dates Sequence the inspection routeSequence the inspection route Identify & instruct follow-up assignmentsIdentify & instruct follow-up assignments

15 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Area Hazard Checklists Area Hazard Checklists EvaluateEvaluate Equipment Equipment Procedures Procedures Personnel Personnel

16 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Elements of an Operation Elements of an Operation Start-upStart-up OperationOperation ShutdownShutdown

17 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Steps in Performing a Job Hazard Analysis Steps in Performing a Job Hazard Analysis Step 1-Break down the jobStep 1-Break down the job Step 2-Identify the hazardsStep 2-Identify the hazards Step 3-Evaluate the hazardsStep 3-Evaluate the hazards Step 4-Recommend safe procedures & protection measuresStep 4-Recommend safe procedures & protection measures Step 5- Revise the Job hazard AnalysisStep 5- Revise the Job hazard Analysis

18 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Breaking Down the Job Breaking Down the Job List each job step in order of occurrenceList each job step in order of occurrence Describe each actionDescribe each action Examine each step for hazardsExamine each step for hazards Conduct a what if scenario for each stepConduct a what if scenario for each step

19 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Hazards to Focus On Hazards to Focus On ImpactImpact PenetrationPenetration Harmful airborne contaminantsHarmful airborne contaminants Repetitive motionRepetitive motion HeatHeat CompressionCompression Chemical ExposureChemical Exposure

20 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Identifying Hazards Identifying Hazards Sharp edgesSharp edges Employee jewelryEmployee jewelry Potential for being caught betweenPotential for being caught between Worker posture/balanceWorker posture/balance Hazardous movementsHazardous movements Struck by hazardsStruck by hazards Environmental hazardsEnvironmental hazards

21 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Evaluating Hazards Evaluating Hazards What PPE is available?What PPE is available? Has worker been trained?Has worker been trained? Is the worker positioned properly?Is the worker positioned properly? Is lockout/tagout used?Is lockout/tagout used? What is the flow of work?What is the flow of work? What are the sources of chemicals, noise, etc.?What are the sources of chemicals, noise, etc.? Are slips, trips or falls a possibility?Are slips, trips or falls a possibility?

22 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Control Method Hierarchy Control Method Hierarchy Proper remedial method order:Proper remedial method order: Engineering controls Engineering controls Administrative controls Administrative controls Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

23 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS When a Job Hazard Analysis Is Revised When a Job Hazard Analysis Is Revised When an accident or injury occursWhen an accident or injury occurs When the job changesWhen the job changes After a close callAfter a close call Following an employee complaintFollowing an employee complaint Per a scheduled review, i.e., annuallyPer a scheduled review, i.e., annually

24 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS What Is Ergonomics? What Is Ergonomics? Science of fitting jobs to the people who do themScience of fitting jobs to the people who do them Goal is to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) when their jobs require repetitive reaching, bending, lifting, using force, work with vibrating equipment & doing other repetitive motionsGoal is to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) when their jobs require repetitive reaching, bending, lifting, using force, work with vibrating equipment & doing other repetitive motions OSHA StandardOSHA Standard

25 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS What Are Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)? What Are Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)? MusclesMuscles NervesNerves TendonsTendons LigamentsLigaments JointsJoints Spinal discsSpinal discs

26 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Common MSDs Common MSDs Carpel tunnel syndromeCarpel tunnel syndrome TendinitisTendinitis Trigger fingerTrigger finger Raynauds syndromeRaynauds syndrome DeQuervain's diseaseDeQuervain's disease Carpet layers kneeCarpet layers knee Herniated spinal discHerniated spinal disc Low back painLow back pain

27 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Signs of MSDs Signs of MSDs Less strength for grippingLess strength for gripping Less range of motionLess range of motion Loss of muscle functionLoss of muscle function Inability to do everyday tasksInability to do everyday tasks

28 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Common Symptoms of MSDs Common Symptoms of MSDs Painful joints such as wrists, shoulders, forearms, kneesPainful joints such as wrists, shoulders, forearms, knees Pain, tingling, numbness in hands or feetPain, tingling, numbness in hands or feet Shooting pain in arms or legsShooting pain in arms or legs Swelling, inflammation, burning sensationSwelling, inflammation, burning sensation Fingers or toes turning whiteFingers or toes turning white Back or neck pain or stiffnessBack or neck pain or stiffness

29 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Report Signs or Symptoms of MSDs Report Signs or Symptoms of MSDs Permanent disability may result if not reported earlyPermanent disability may result if not reported early Employer is required to respond promptly to a report of MSDsEmployer is required to respond promptly to a report of MSDs Report signs or symptoms of MSDs to your Supervisor or HRReport signs or symptoms of MSDs to your Supervisor or HR Report MSD hazards to your SupervisorReport MSD hazards to your Supervisor

30 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Repetition Repetition Same motion over & over puts stress on muscles & tendonsSame motion over & over puts stress on muscles & tendons How often the movement is repeatedHow often the movement is repeated Speed of the movementSpeed of the movement Number of muscles involvedNumber of muscles involved Required forceRequired force

31 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Forceful Exertions Forceful Exertions Amount of physical effort required to perform a taskAmount of physical effort required to perform a task Effort needed to control equipment or toolsEffort needed to control equipment or tools Type of gripType of grip Weight of objectWeight of object Body postureBody posture Type & duration of the taskType & duration of the task

32 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Awkward Postures Awkward Postures ReachingReaching TwistingTwisting BendingBending KneelingKneeling SquattingSquatting Working overheadWorking overhead Holding fixed positionsHolding fixed positions

33 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Contact Stress Contact Stress Pressing your body against a hard or sharp objectPressing your body against a hard or sharp object Puts pressure on nerves, tendons & blood vesselsPuts pressure on nerves, tendons & blood vessels Allowing your wrists to rest on the keyboard when typingAllowing your wrists to rest on the keyboard when typing Holding tools with hard handlesHolding tools with hard handles

34 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Vibration Vibration SandersSanders GrindersGrinders ChippersChippers RoutersRouters DrillsDrills SawsSaws

35 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS EMC Intranet (www.emcnet.biz) EMC Intranet (www.emcnet.biz)www.emcnet.biz Operations Operations Office Safety Office Safety Careful Considerations Careful Considerations

36 DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING SITE SAFETY PROGRAMS Closing Poem Closing Poem


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