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Things you might not know about

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1 Things you might not know about
El Paso Unless you attend this session

2 By: Kevin Collier Erika Liebel Saul Martinez

3 El Paso: 1880’s-1910

4

5 Sin City “Sporting Center” – Gambling, dance halls & prostitution “Vice for a Price” “The Line”

6 El Paso Herald "Here amid the clinking of beer glasses and vulgarity, drunken men, reeling and yelling, danced with Mexican women to the strains of the devil's music, staggering between the dances to the bar for liquid refreshments and enthusiasm. Women, long since sunk from respectability, joined the terrible brawl. Hair streaming in masses of disorder, dresses rent by the yanking and howling of the intoxicated men, and lending their shrill voices to complete the chaos of debauchery. Here and there were stretched out men overcome with liquor, while the wooden benches surrounding the apartment were occupied by burly sons of toil holding upon their laps these women of prostitution."

7 “Six Shooter Capitol” Guns Gambling Gunfighters

8 “Sin City” Lariats Lawmen Ladies

9 The Guns Winchester Rifle Coach Gun Colt Peacemaker
Smith & Wesson No. 3

10 The Gambling Saloons Faro Poker Dice

11 The Gunfighters John Selman Billy the Kid John Wesley Hardin

12 More Gunfighters Sam Bass Butch Cassidy Sundance Kid

13 The Cowboys

14 The Lawmen Pat Garrett Texas Rangers Dallas Stoudenmire

15 More Lawmen? Bass L. Outlaw ? John Selman Sr. ? George Scarbrough ?
El Paso Constable US Deputy Marshall Texas Ranger

16 The Ladies The Big Five

17 Tillie Howard Arrived early 1890’s Mansion on “The Line”
Poor German immigrant Orphaned young Rode the rails for years Kind-hearted, well-mannered Died April 9, 1911

18 Gypsy Davenport New York Native Raised in Davenport, Iowa
1894 – Framed Alice Abbott Lawsuit – Alice wins back property Unscrupulous business practices Disappeared after 1900 Returned to El Paso in 1920 to settle property Died January 22, 1920 of morphine addiction and edema

19 May Palmer Born 1867 – Wealthy Chicago Family
Mary Elizabeth Eisenmenger Lucrative brothels – Chicago, Salt Lake City, Tucson Opened Madame Palmer’s Gentlemen’s Club on Utah St Married James Harlan “Pete” Adams Died March 24, 1918 of pancreatic and pelvic cancer Buried in El Paso’s Evergreen Cemetery

20 “Big Alice” Abbott Arrived with RR – 1881- age 27
Thought to be from Kentucky Reasons for coming to El Paso – unknown 6’ tall, 195 lbs Owned Mansion on Utah St Died April 7, 1896

21 Etta Clark The “Pistolier of 1886” Voluptuous, hot-tempered, red head
Prominent French-Canadian family Mansion across from Big Alice

22 The Stories - 1886 Hired girls away from other madams
Tension and Anger between Madams Bessie Colvin – left Alice Alice “stormed” to Etta’s house Etta shot Alice El Paso Herald “Public” Arch Story Sensational Trial Case dropped Etta Clark’s Parlor

23 2 Years Later Evidence inconclusive Alice released – No consequences
Alice burns Etta’s house down Evidence inconclusive Alice released – No consequences

24 Results Paved Streets Salaries for Police and other Civic Officials
Public Library Philanthropic Activities Theaters Gentlemen’s Clubs - Business

25 Mexican Revolution and El Paso

26 Mexican Revolution

27 Three Presidents Francisco Madero Venustiano Carranza Porfirio Diaz

28 Three Revolutionaries
Francisco “Pancho” Villa Emiliano Zapata Pascual Orozco

29 Three Generals Victoriano Huerta John Pershing Alvaro Obregón

30 Alhambra Theater (209 S. El Paso St.)
Catered to Mexican exile community

31 Shelton-Payne Arms Company (Merrick Building, 301 S. El Paso St.)
Supplied arms and ammunition to all factions of the revolution.

32 La Patria Newspaper (317 S. El Paso St.)
Silvestre Terrazas operated revolutionary newspaper Helped Pancho Villa smuggle arms 1914 Villa appointed Terrazas interim governor of Chihuahua

33 Teatro Alcazar (506 S. El Paso St.)
Owners Ike & Frank Alderete stored weapons in basement for Huertistas Alderetes, Pascual Orozco & Victoriano Huerta were tried in Federal Courthouse in El Paso for violating US neutrality laws.

34 El Paso Laundry (901 S. Santa Fe St.)
Rooftop provided front-row seats for major revolution battles Bullet holes in walls Presidents William Taft and Porfirio Diaz met in front and were given keys to the city

35 El Paso del Norte Newspaper (609 S. Oregon St.)
This newspaper disseminated the propaganda of the revolution from to El Paso’s Spanish speaking community

36 Caples Building (300 S. San Antonio St.)
1911 Francisco Madero used offices as the official headquarters of the Revolution Pancho Villa was recruited by Chihuahua Governor Abraham Gonzalez from this office.

37 Elite Confectionary (201 N. Mesa St.)
1911 Pancho Villa and Pascual Orozco sat for the last photo of them together. Villa visited this establishment daily and ordered chocolate-covered ice cream baseballs and strawberry soda during his exile in the US

38 Roberts-Banner Building (114-120 Mills St.)
1912 housed more than 200 Mexican spies working for 3 different agencies under the direction of Sgt Powell Roberts

39 Anson Mills Building (303 N. Oregon St.)
Rooftop provided a “safe” place to watch the revolutionary activities 1913 Junta headquarters for constructionalistas Huertista federal forces threatened to blow up the building if the US granted Pancho Villa permission to import arms to Mexico

40 Popular Dry Goods Company (301 San Antonio St.)
Provided non-munition supplies to both sides of the revolution Once both revolutionaires and federales were shopping at the same time in the store.

41 Toltec Club (602 Magoffin Ave.)
Francisco Madero was toastmaster in 1913 Victory banquet for Madero in 1911 Pancho Villa rented 1st floor for smuggling munitions

42 Sacred Heart Church (610 S. Oregon St.)
1912 Orozquistas counterrevolutionaries kidnapped Fr Carlos Pinto – demanded $3000, then $2000, then $500 finally Fr Pinto paid $100 for his own release.

43 Civil Rights In El Paso

44 1866-1877 Salt War Denied Access to salt
Texas Rangers side with Anglos

45 1888 Dr Ida Bishop was first woman to practice medicine in Texas
The Sheldon Building housed Dr Bishop’s office until 1910

46 1915 First NAACP branch established in Texas, El Paso
Became civil rights advocate after 10 lynchings – 1909

47 1921 C.C. Kellog set up 1st KKK office in the Sheldon Hotel
Anglos became frightened by anti-American sentiment in Mexico after the Revolution Klan controlled the Herald Post & published an editorial on the Klan’s goals in El Paso Focused on eliminating crime Klan members ran for the school board Renamed schools after Texas heroes.

48 1924 Lawrence Nixon denied right to vote in primary election
1927 Nixon v Herndon (Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes) 1932 Nixon v Condon (Justice Benjamin Cardozo) July 22, 1944 Finally voted in primary

49 1955-1956 TWC 1st Public University to admit blacks (Thelma White)
TWC 1st University in the Confederate South to allow African-Americans to play a major sport (Charlie Brown)

50 1957 Raymond Telles elected 1st Hispanic mayor of a major city in the US Ambassador to Honduras

51 1961 TWC trains first Peace Corps volunteer

52 1962 Bert Williams introduces first Anti-discrimination law in public places in Texas (US) 2 years before Civil Rights Act was enacted in US

53 1966 TWC 1st major University to start an all African –American lineup
Defeated all white U. Kentucky team Don Haskins NCAA basketball champions

54 1968 El Paso based golfer Lee Trevino wins US Open
First minority to win a major golf championship

55 1970 Chesley Karr sues EPISD
Denied enrollment due to hair below collar US Supreme Court sided with Karr Set precedent against Uniform policy

56 1971 MECHA members take over UTEP Administration Building
Chicano studies dept. established 1st Mexican-American faculty hired

57 1981 El Paso native Sandra Day O’Connor appointed 1st woman on US Supreme Court

58 2009 Homosexual couple ousted from local eatery for kissing in public
El Paso City Council approves anti-discrimination ban on sexual orientation by businesses open to the public

59 2010 July – Gay and unmarried heterosexual partners of city employees given benefits by city council Nov – Voters rescind benefits to gay and unmarried heterosexual partners

60 Contact Us kmcollie@episd.org eliebel@episd.org smartine@episd.org
Power point available at: (power point presentations – El Paso Presentation)

61 References (El Paso ) Abernathy, FE. (1994) Legendary Ladies of Texas, Issue 53. pp Texas Folklore Society/Nacodoches, Texas.

62 References (Mexican Revolution)
Metz, L El Paso Chronicles; A record of historical events in El Paso, Texas. Romo, D Ringside Seat to a Revolution; An underground cultural history of El Paso and Juarez: Worthington, P Images of America; El Paso and the Mexican Revolution.

63 References (Civil Rights)
 http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jcs01


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