5Sin City“Sporting Center” – Gambling, dance halls & prostitution“Vice for a Price”“The Line”
6El Paso Herald"Here amid the clinking of beer glasses and vulgarity, drunken men, reeling and yelling, danced with Mexican women to the strains of the devil's music, staggering between the dances to the bar for liquid refreshments and enthusiasm. Women, long since sunk from respectability, joined the terrible brawl. Hair streaming in masses of disorder, dresses rent by the yanking and howling of the intoxicated men, and lending their shrill voices to complete the chaos of debauchery. Here and there were stretched out men overcome with liquor, while the wooden benches surrounding the apartment were occupied by burly sons of toil holding upon their laps these women of prostitution."
17Tillie Howard Arrived early 1890’s Mansion on “The Line” Poor German immigrantOrphaned youngRode the rails for yearsKind-hearted, well-manneredDied April 9, 1911
18Gypsy Davenport New York Native Raised in Davenport, Iowa 1894 – Framed Alice AbbottLawsuit – Alice wins back propertyUnscrupulous business practicesDisappeared after 1900Returned to El Paso in 1920 to settle propertyDied January 22, 1920 of morphine addiction and edema
19May Palmer Born 1867 – Wealthy Chicago Family Mary Elizabeth EisenmengerLucrative brothels – Chicago, Salt Lake City, TucsonOpened Madame Palmer’s Gentlemen’s Club on Utah StMarried James Harlan “Pete” AdamsDied March 24, 1918 of pancreatic and pelvic cancerBuried in El Paso’s Evergreen Cemetery
20“Big Alice” Abbott Arrived with RR – 1881- age 27 Thought to be from KentuckyReasons for coming to El Paso – unknown6’ tall, 195 lbsOwned Mansion on Utah StDied April 7, 1896
21Etta Clark The “Pistolier of 1886” Voluptuous, hot-tempered, red head Prominent French-Canadian familyMansion across from Big Alice
22The Stories - 1886 Hired girls away from other madams Tension and Anger between MadamsBessie Colvin – left AliceAlice “stormed” to Etta’s houseEtta shot AliceEl Paso Herald “Public” Arch StorySensational TrialCase droppedEtta Clark’s Parlor
232 Years Later Evidence inconclusive Alice released – No consequences Alice burns Etta’s house downEvidence inconclusiveAlice released – No consequences
24Results Paved Streets Salaries for Police and other Civic Officials Public LibraryPhilanthropic ActivitiesTheatersGentlemen’s Clubs - Business
30Alhambra Theater (209 S. El Paso St.) Catered to Mexican exile community
31Shelton-Payne Arms Company (Merrick Building, 301 S. El Paso St.) Supplied arms and ammunition to all factions of the revolution.
32La Patria Newspaper (317 S. El Paso St.) Silvestre Terrazas operated revolutionary newspaperHelped Pancho Villa smuggle arms1914 Villa appointed Terrazas interim governor of Chihuahua
33Teatro Alcazar (506 S. El Paso St.) Owners Ike & Frank Alderete stored weapons in basement for HuertistasAlderetes, Pascual Orozco & Victoriano Huerta were tried in Federal Courthouse in El Paso for violating US neutrality laws.
34El Paso Laundry (901 S. Santa Fe St.) Rooftop provided front-row seats for major revolution battlesBullet holes in wallsPresidents William Taft and Porfirio Diaz met in front and were given keys to the city
35El Paso del Norte Newspaper (609 S. Oregon St.) This newspaper disseminated the propaganda of the revolution from to El Paso’s Spanish speaking community
36Caples Building (300 S. San Antonio St.) 1911 Francisco Madero used offices as the official headquarters of the RevolutionPancho Villa was recruited by Chihuahua Governor Abraham Gonzalez from this office.
37Elite Confectionary (201 N. Mesa St.) 1911 Pancho Villa and Pascual Orozco sat for the last photo of them together.Villa visited this establishment daily and ordered chocolate-covered ice cream baseballs and strawberry soda during his exile in the US
38Roberts-Banner Building (114-120 Mills St.) 1912 housed more than 200 Mexican spies working for 3 different agencies under the direction of Sgt Powell Roberts
39Anson Mills Building (303 N. Oregon St.) Rooftop provided a “safe” place to watch the revolutionary activities1913 Junta headquarters for constructionalistasHuertista federal forces threatened to blow up the building if the US granted Pancho Villa permission to import arms to Mexico
40Popular Dry Goods Company (301 San Antonio St.) Provided non-munition supplies to both sides of the revolutionOnce both revolutionaires and federales were shopping at the same time in the store.
41Toltec Club (602 Magoffin Ave.) Francisco Madero was toastmaster in 1913Victory banquet for Madero in 1911Pancho Villa rented 1st floor for smuggling munitions
42Sacred Heart Church (610 S. Oregon St.) 1912 Orozquistas counterrevolutionaries kidnapped Fr Carlos Pinto – demanded $3000, then $2000, then $500 finally Fr Pinto paid $100 for his own release.
441866-1877 Salt War Denied Access to salt Texas Rangers side with Anglos
451888 Dr Ida Bishop was first woman to practice medicine in Texas The Sheldon Building housed Dr Bishop’s office until 1910
461915 First NAACP branch established in Texas, El Paso Became civil rights advocate after 10 lynchings – 1909
471921 C.C. Kellog set up 1st KKK office in the Sheldon Hotel Anglos became frightened by anti-American sentiment in Mexico after the RevolutionKlan controlled the Herald Post & published an editorial on the Klan’s goals in El PasoFocused on eliminating crimeKlan members ran for the school boardRenamed schools after Texas heroes.
481924 Lawrence Nixon denied right to vote in primary election 1927 Nixon v Herndon (Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes)1932 Nixon v Condon (Justice Benjamin Cardozo)July 22, 1944 Finally voted in primary
491955-1956 TWC 1st Public University to admit blacks (Thelma White) TWC 1st University in the Confederate South to allow African-Americans to play a major sport (Charlie Brown)
501957Raymond Telles elected 1st Hispanic mayor of a major city in the USAmbassador to Honduras
62References (Mexican Revolution) Metz, L El Paso Chronicles; A record of historical events in El Paso, Texas.Romo, D Ringside Seat to a Revolution; An underground cultural history of El Paso and Juarez:Worthington, P Images of America; El Paso and the Mexican Revolution.