5 Sin City“Sporting Center” – Gambling, dance halls & prostitution“Vice for a Price”“The Line”
6 El Paso Herald"Here amid the clinking of beer glasses and vulgarity, drunken men, reeling and yelling, danced with Mexican women to the strains of the devil's music, staggering between the dances to the bar for liquid refreshments and enthusiasm. Women, long since sunk from respectability, joined the terrible brawl. Hair streaming in masses of disorder, dresses rent by the yanking and howling of the intoxicated men, and lending their shrill voices to complete the chaos of debauchery. Here and there were stretched out men overcome with liquor, while the wooden benches surrounding the apartment were occupied by burly sons of toil holding upon their laps these women of prostitution."
17 Tillie Howard Arrived early 1890’s Mansion on “The Line” Poor German immigrantOrphaned youngRode the rails for yearsKind-hearted, well-manneredDied April 9, 1911
18 Gypsy Davenport New York Native Raised in Davenport, Iowa 1894 – Framed Alice AbbottLawsuit – Alice wins back propertyUnscrupulous business practicesDisappeared after 1900Returned to El Paso in 1920 to settle propertyDied January 22, 1920 of morphine addiction and edema
19 May Palmer Born 1867 – Wealthy Chicago Family Mary Elizabeth EisenmengerLucrative brothels – Chicago, Salt Lake City, TucsonOpened Madame Palmer’s Gentlemen’s Club on Utah StMarried James Harlan “Pete” AdamsDied March 24, 1918 of pancreatic and pelvic cancerBuried in El Paso’s Evergreen Cemetery
20 “Big Alice” Abbott Arrived with RR – 1881- age 27 Thought to be from KentuckyReasons for coming to El Paso – unknown6’ tall, 195 lbsOwned Mansion on Utah StDied April 7, 1896
21 Etta Clark The “Pistolier of 1886” Voluptuous, hot-tempered, red head Prominent French-Canadian familyMansion across from Big Alice
22 The Stories - 1886 Hired girls away from other madams Tension and Anger between MadamsBessie Colvin – left AliceAlice “stormed” to Etta’s houseEtta shot AliceEl Paso Herald “Public” Arch StorySensational TrialCase droppedEtta Clark’s Parlor
23 2 Years Later Evidence inconclusive Alice released – No consequences Alice burns Etta’s house downEvidence inconclusiveAlice released – No consequences
24 Results Paved Streets Salaries for Police and other Civic Officials Public LibraryPhilanthropic ActivitiesTheatersGentlemen’s Clubs - Business
27 Three PresidentsFrancisco MaderoVenustiano CarranzaPorfirio Diaz
28 Three Revolutionaries Francisco “Pancho” VillaEmiliano ZapataPascual Orozco
29 Three GeneralsVictoriano HuertaJohn PershingAlvaro Obregón
30 Alhambra Theater (209 S. El Paso St.) Catered to Mexican exile community
31 Shelton-Payne Arms Company (Merrick Building, 301 S. El Paso St.) Supplied arms and ammunition to all factions of the revolution.
32 La Patria Newspaper (317 S. El Paso St.) Silvestre Terrazas operated revolutionary newspaperHelped Pancho Villa smuggle arms1914 Villa appointed Terrazas interim governor of Chihuahua
33 Teatro Alcazar (506 S. El Paso St.) Owners Ike & Frank Alderete stored weapons in basement for HuertistasAlderetes, Pascual Orozco & Victoriano Huerta were tried in Federal Courthouse in El Paso for violating US neutrality laws.
34 El Paso Laundry (901 S. Santa Fe St.) Rooftop provided front-row seats for major revolution battlesBullet holes in wallsPresidents William Taft and Porfirio Diaz met in front and were given keys to the city
35 El Paso del Norte Newspaper (609 S. Oregon St.) This newspaper disseminated the propaganda of the revolution from to El Paso’s Spanish speaking community
36 Caples Building (300 S. San Antonio St.) 1911 Francisco Madero used offices as the official headquarters of the RevolutionPancho Villa was recruited by Chihuahua Governor Abraham Gonzalez from this office.
37 Elite Confectionary (201 N. Mesa St.) 1911 Pancho Villa and Pascual Orozco sat for the last photo of them together.Villa visited this establishment daily and ordered chocolate-covered ice cream baseballs and strawberry soda during his exile in the US
38 Roberts-Banner Building (114-120 Mills St.) 1912 housed more than 200 Mexican spies working for 3 different agencies under the direction of Sgt Powell Roberts
39 Anson Mills Building (303 N. Oregon St.) Rooftop provided a “safe” place to watch the revolutionary activities1913 Junta headquarters for constructionalistasHuertista federal forces threatened to blow up the building if the US granted Pancho Villa permission to import arms to Mexico
40 Popular Dry Goods Company (301 San Antonio St.) Provided non-munition supplies to both sides of the revolutionOnce both revolutionaires and federales were shopping at the same time in the store.
41 Toltec Club (602 Magoffin Ave.) Francisco Madero was toastmaster in 1913Victory banquet for Madero in 1911Pancho Villa rented 1st floor for smuggling munitions
42 Sacred Heart Church (610 S. Oregon St.) 1912 Orozquistas counterrevolutionaries kidnapped Fr Carlos Pinto – demanded $3000, then $2000, then $500 finally Fr Pinto paid $100 for his own release.
44 1866-1877 Salt War Denied Access to salt Texas Rangers side with Anglos
45 1888 Dr Ida Bishop was first woman to practice medicine in Texas The Sheldon Building housed Dr Bishop’s office until 1910
46 1915 First NAACP branch established in Texas, El Paso Became civil rights advocate after 10 lynchings – 1909
47 1921 C.C. Kellog set up 1st KKK office in the Sheldon Hotel Anglos became frightened by anti-American sentiment in Mexico after the RevolutionKlan controlled the Herald Post & published an editorial on the Klan’s goals in El PasoFocused on eliminating crimeKlan members ran for the school boardRenamed schools after Texas heroes.
48 1924 Lawrence Nixon denied right to vote in primary election 1927 Nixon v Herndon (Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes)1932 Nixon v Condon (Justice Benjamin Cardozo)July 22, 1944 Finally voted in primary
49 1955-1956 TWC 1st Public University to admit blacks (Thelma White) TWC 1st University in the Confederate South to allow African-Americans to play a major sport (Charlie Brown)
50 1957Raymond Telles elected 1st Hispanic mayor of a major city in the USAmbassador to Honduras
62 References (Mexican Revolution) Metz, L El Paso Chronicles; A record of historical events in El Paso, Texas.Romo, D Ringside Seat to a Revolution; An underground cultural history of El Paso and Juarez:Worthington, P Images of America; El Paso and the Mexican Revolution.