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Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Keeping the South East moving; the prospects for transport Nathan Sansom Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Keeping the South East moving; the prospects for transport Nathan Sansom Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Keeping the South East moving; the prospects for transport Nathan Sansom Institute of Materials, 22 October

2 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Scope of the research Mobility trends Policy implications Solutions

3 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Cost of transport in Britain

4 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Increasing car ownership

5 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Increased proportion of car travel

6 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Increased total travel Increasing journey distances

7 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org The South East region Affluent; high levels of car ownership Relatively densely populated Rapidly growing population Personal travel patterns broadly comparable with the other regions

8 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Regional picture

9 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Commuting times by region

10 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org European commuting times

11 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Commuting times & distances in Britain

12 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Commuting times and distances by age in the South East

13 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Levels of car-sharing

14 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Conclusions South East residents travel comparable distances and times to work as GB average Higher car ownership correlates with less car-sharing UK commuting times similar to those on continent Distances travelled to work peak at age 30-40 years

15 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org The implications for policy makers Traffic in England as a whole projected to increase by 20-30 per cent from 2000 to 2010 and in the South East also by about 25 per cent This will result in more congestion, more unreliable journey times and even more inefficient transport system

16 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org The implications of doing nothing

17 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Environmental consequences Transport emissions make significant contribution to climate change Average South East household produces 5 tonnes of CO2 compared to 4.3 UK average, largely transport. UK government target to reduce emissions by 20 per cent from 1990 level by 2010

18 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Solutions Demand management Improved provision Effective governance

19 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Congestion charging in the South East Limited options for local schemes Some scope for motorway tolling South East would benefit from national scheme

20 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Forecast effect of national charging on traffic in the South East Charging schemeTraffic change 2000-2010 None+25% Revenue neutral+34% Revenue raising+16%

21 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Benefits of congestion charging Economic benefits Broadly progressive Revenue for transport

22 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Funding Even with reduced demand more investment in transport is required. UK historically lags behind European comparators in transport investment Investment in infrastructure (UK=100) 19851995 Germany160213 Sweden187202 Italy145187 France147186 Netherlands100125 UK100

23 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Identifying funding sources Transport unlikely to receive more from central pot

24 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Regional distribution South East receives levels comparable with other regions

25 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Potential revenue from national congestion charging by region in 2010

26 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Land Value tax Capturing private benefit of public benefit Most LVT represent modifications to the National Non-Domestic Business rate

27 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org LVT Options NNDR levy in specific areas BIDS; limited potential Tax Increment Finance: most promising method Transfer of risk to private investor

28 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Governance arrangements

29 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Weak integration Weak regional bodies Poor spatial and policy integration Artificial separation of capital and current spending Local plans do not cover travel to work areas

30 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Solution Stronger regional transport and planning body with executive powers

31 Commission on Sustainable Development in the South East www.ippr.org Key policy recommendations Interim steps towards national congestion charging, including local area schemes and motorway tolls Revenue from national charging ear- marked for transport in the region TIF-type land value tax Regional planning and transport authority


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