2 Warm UpThe questions below are based on what you read and learned on Monday. Write and answer the following questions!!!1.) What was the Cold War?2.) What were the beliefs of the U.S.?3.) What were the beliefs of the Soviet Union?5 mins.
3 Warm UpGet a CRCT book. Read pgs Answer all questions. You may write the number and letter.
4 Note-Taking Using Alphaboxes Organizer You will fill in the boxes with important termsAll of the information that you need can be found in the PowerPoint, so you need to pay attention!!!!
5 A Difference In Opinion 1945—the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US)Soviet Union believed a powerful central government should control the economy as well as the governmentUS believed that businesses should be privately owned
6 Post-WWII Europe (1945)Western Europe and America were alarmed by Soviet advances in Eastern EuropeMany Europeans and Americans believed that the communists were trying to take over the world!
7 “The Iron Curtain”Soviet dictator, Joseph Stalin placed most of the Eastern European countries under communist control“Eastern Bloc”The United States led the Western Bloc countries of Western EuropeThe imaginary line separating the two was called the “Iron Curtain”
8 The “Iron Curtain”From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
9 Checking For Understanding Stand Up/Sit Down If the statement is true, stand up. If the statement is false, stay seated. U.S. believed a powerful central government should control the economy as well as the government.
10 Checking For Understanding Stand Up/Sit Down If the statement is true, stand up. If the statement is false, stay seated. The “Iron Curtain” was a real curtain separating the Eastern European countries and the Western Bloc countries of Western Europe.
11 Division of GermanyEnd of WWII, Allies divided Germany into 4 sections to keep it from regaining powerUS, Great Britain, France, & Soviet Union each controlled a section1948: Western Allies wanted to reunite Germany, but Soviets disagreedSoviet section became “East Germany” and the reunited sections became “West Germany”Berlin was also divided into East & West
13 A Nuclear War Each side thought the other was trying to rule the world Neither side would give up, people lived in fear that another world war would eruptThis time it could be a nuclear war, which could destroy the entire planetCountries began to form alliances to protect themselves…
14 NATO1949: Western European countries, Canada, & US formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Each nation in NATO believed the Soviet Union would not attack western Europe if the U.S. would launch nuclear war in returnWhy was it formed?To protect member countries from the Soviet Union or any other country’s invasion.Set up a defense alliance.Assist in creating free governments.
15 The Warsaw Pact What was the Warsaw Pact? Why was it formed? an alliance of the Soviet Union and its communist satellite nationsWhy was it formed?to counter NATOan anti-Western military allianceWhy “Warsaw”?Warsaw, Poland was the city where the treaty was signedSatellite nation?Satellite nations are nations that are dependent upon a stronger power.The Soviet satellite nations were Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and East Germany.
16 Checking For Understanding 1.) Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and the _____ each controlled a section of Germany after WWII. 2.) NATO was formed after WWII to: -
17 CategorizingThere are 2 categories: U.S. and Soviet Union. Create a T-chart and write the phrases/terms under the correct category.Powerful central government should control the economy as well as the governmentWarsaw PactNATOWest GermanyEast Germanycommunismbusinesses should be privately owneddemocracy
18 RISE OF THE SUPERPOWERS Use the chart on the back of your Alphaboxes organizer for slides entitled, Soviet Union and United States.
19 SuperpowersAs the Cold War continued, more countries allied with each sideThe US and USSR had the ability to influence world events and project worldwide powerThe countries were evenly matched…
20 Soviet Union Had a permanent seat on the UN Security Council Influenced other communist countries and dictatorships around the worldOccupied the largest country in the world, 3rd largest population, & the 2nd largest economyHad strong military and space technology, a worldwide spy network (the KGB), & one of the largest stockpiles of nuclear weapons in the world.
21 United StatesAlso had a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, as well as strong ties with Western Europe & Latin America4th most populated countryHad powerful military support from NATO, the largest navy in the world, bases all over the world, the CIA, and a large reserve of nuclear weapons
22 Checking For Understanding Why were the United States and Soviet Union considered superpowers?
23 Checking For Understanding Thumbs Up/Thumbs Down If the following statement is true, thumbs up. If the statement is false, thumbs down.The U.S. had military and space technology, a worldwide spy network (the KGB).
24 What about Berlin?During the Cold war, there were many “hot spots” (areas of extreme tension)The earliest hot spot was Berlin.At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zonesAmerican, British, French, and SovietThe Soviets controlled the eastern part of Germany, the western countries controlled the western part of Germany.The capital Berlin, deep within Soviet-controlled territory, was also divided into four occupation zones.
26 Berlin Blockaded!In June 1948, the Soviets blockaded all land and water traffic into western Berlin hoping to make Britain, France, and America leave the city. --(Remember Berlin was in East Germany which the USSR occupied.)In response, the United States and Great Britain began an airlift…
28 Checking For Understanding 1.) Areas of extreme tension are “___ ___.”2.) At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zonesAmerican, British, French, and _______.3.) Who occupied Berlin since it was in EAST Germany?
29 Berlin Airlift What’s an airlift? How long did it last? a system of carrying supplies into West Berlin by planeDay and night, British and American pilots flew in tons of food, fuel, and raw materials.How long did it last?11 monthsThe airlift is over. Now what?Germany officially becomes two countries with two governments.Bonn becomes the capital of West Germany.East Berlin becomes the capital of East Germany.West Berlin remains a democratic stronghold, surrounded by communism.
32 The Berlin Wall Berliners hated living under communism Luckily, West Berlin and freedom were just across the streetAbout 3 million people fled to West Berlin looking for political freedom and better livesThe East German government wanted it to stopIn August 1961, East Germany built a 103 mile wall between East and West Berlin.Guarded by Soviet troops, it became a symbol of the split between western and eastern Europe.
36 Checking For Understanding True or False1.) An airlift is a system of carrying supplies into West Berlin by plane.2.) After the airlift is over, West Berlin remains a democratic stronghold, surrounded by communism.3.) Berliners loved living under communism. West Germany built a 103 mile wall between East and West Berlin.
37 Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations US & the Western Democracies Cold War Summary:Soviet & Eastern Bloc NationsUS & the Western DemocraciesGOAL spread world-wide CommunismGOAL “Containment” of CommunismHow’d They Do It?:Espionage (spyware)-- (KGB vs. CIA)Arms Race (nuclear weapons)Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples (Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy)NATO vs. Warsaw Pact