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Community Strategies to Address Infant Mortality & Improve Birth Outcomes It takes a village for capacity building
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Agenda Introduction of the Research Project Framing the Research Issues The Case Studies Lessons Learned & Reflections
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The Public Health Problem According to "Health, United States, 2000," infant mortality rates are more than twice as high for African-Americans. –Stillbirths –Low Birth Weight (10% of African-American Infants) –Pre-term Delivery (20% of African-American Infants) Highest infant mortality rate In the developed world
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan In the Popular Press (Essence Magazine, November 2005; New York Times; April 22, 2007) In Turnabout, Infant Deaths Climb in South
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The NIH Roadmap is an integrated vision to deepen our understanding of biology, stimulate interdisciplinary research teams, and reshape clinical research to accelerate medical discovery and improve people's health.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan 'U' study seeks to close gaps in prenatal care (Michigan Daily, October 13, 2004) Closing the gap of disparities has become a major goal for many government agencies, researchers, healthcare organizations and community groups. Although in the past decade prenatal care utilization rates have risen, decreasing the overall infant mortality rate, disparities in infant mortality and other perinatal outcomes between various ethnic and socio-economic groups continue to widen. Moreover, researchers have yet to explain all of the differences in birth outcomes experienced by African-Americans compared to other groups.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The Grants Goals Interdisciplinary research infrastructure to solve public health problems. Develop testable hypotheses for new effective approaches to public health problems Provide an effective mechanism for communicating research- based information to policy leaders, providers, and patients. Three core areas: patients, providers and leaders The Research Team ( 17 departments represented at UM) OB/GYN Genetics Nursing Midwifery Public Health Social Work Engineering School of Information Business Sociology Anthropology Medical History
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Why Interdisciplinary Research? – Various Viewpoints Traditional Viewpoints Socio-Economic Status Access to Healthcare Genetics Predisposed Health Problems Contemporary Viewpoints Stress & a Reactive Immune System Gestational Diabetes Preeclampsia Bacteria Infections Racism Segregation Life-course Quality of Healthcare Approach Evidence-based Medicine Cultural Competencies
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Thinking Outside the Box: The University of Michigan Roadmap Teams Interdisciplinary Model
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The Sojourner Syndrome, Resilience & Reproductive Health (Mullins, 2002; 2005) Race Class Gender Survival Strategy Pre-term Labor Stillbirths Lower Resistance to Infection Low Birth Weight Maternal or Child Health Complications Stress Life Course
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The Organizational Perspective – Research Questions What are best organizing routines for re-energizing the resilience of African-American women during their pregnancies and producing favorable birth outcomes? What are the capacity building activities and competencies associated with these organizing routines? How can other organizations learn from these positive organizing routines?
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Research Methodology Case Study data collected from state health departments, nonprofit organizations, healthcare organizations and community coalitions. Transcribed and Coded into NVivo Analyzed using a grounded theory approach
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Guiding Theories Organizational Routines Skills and capabilities of organizations and its members; the current best practice in an industry; enable organizations to cope with complex problems (Nelson & Winter, 1982) An executed capability for repeated performance that has been learned in response to selective pressures (Cohen, 1996 ). Positive Organizing (Dutton & Glynn, 2007) Enable organizational resourcefulness Enhance organizational strengths and capabilities Expand organizational action repertoires Collective behavior and relational mechanisms Capacity Building The development of core skills, management practices, strategies, and systems to enhance an organizations effectiveness, sustainability and ability to fulfill its mission (Connolly, 2001)
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Capacity Building in Action: Case Studies of Best Practices Model created by Connolly & Lukas for the Fieldstone Alliance
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Parkland Memorial Hospital (Dallas, Texas) Delivers approximately 17,000 babies a year; 4 out of every 1000 babies born in the Untied States For African American babies, infant mortality rate is roughly half the national average. Ninety-Five percent of women who deliver at Parkland are indigent. Capacity Building Focus: Internal Operations & Management Rigid, codified rules about medical practices. Re-engineered the delivery process for babies because of system overload; positive consequences for patient care. Elaborate hierarchy with 14 different levels, from nurses aides (OB techs) to attending physicians with years of experience. Team approach to directed by protocols for prenatal, care, labor and delivery. The protocol serves as a medicine cookbook based on refining clinical research; gives the system a sense of order.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Black Infant Health (California) San Diego a Mission Driven Program Focuses on accessing resources and services Targeted to certain zip codes Social support On-staff nurse Monthly rap session for clients Success attributed to common vision and dedication of staff members Reduction in infant mortality rate from 17.9 to 12.3 Started in 1989 by the California Department of Health in response data showing African American Babies death rate tripe of Caucasian babies
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Every Child Succeeds (Cincinnati, Ohio) Adopted best practices in the industry: Every Child Succeeds uses two evidence-based, nationally-established home visitation models: Healthy Families America (HFA) and Nurse Family Partnership. A partnership between public and private organizations Capacity Building Focus: The application of a corporate model Inspired by former CEO of Proctor & Gamble Uses corporate tool Continuous Quality Improvement to boost results Focused and directed programming – areas of highest need and where the organization can make an impact Data intensive – Mothers complete 50 different forms Red/Green chart based on Japanese manufacturing techniques that measures 17 quality indicators, such as staff training, immunization rates, breastfeeding rates, and client satisfaction
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Nurse-Family Partnership (the Olds Model) is an evidence-based nurse home visitation program that improves the health, well-being by focusing on three goals. Registered nurses visit weekly for the first month after enrollment and then every other week until the baby is born. Visits are weekly for the first six weeks after the baby is born, and then every other week through the child's first birthday. Visits continue on an every- other-week basis until the baby is 20 months. The last four visits are monthly until the child is two years old; Visits last 75 to 90 minutes Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes Fewer preterm deliveries Fewer low birth weight babies Fewer instances of pregnancy-induced hypertension
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan 1. Improved Pregnancy Outcomes Help clients obtain prenatal care from their physician Help clients reduce their use of cigarettes, alcohol and illegal drugs Teach clients about healthy nutrition during pregnancy 2. Improved Child Health and Development Help parents provide more competent care of their children in the first two years of life Teach parents how to nurture their children Teach parents safe and consistent practices of child discipline Help parents get proper health care for their child 3.Improved Maternal Life Course Development Teach young mothers to keep their lives on track and develop a vision for their own future Help the mothers make reasoned choices about the partners, family and friends who are involved with their child Help mothers plan future pregnancies Help mothers continue their education, reach their educational goals and find adequate employment
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Northern New Jersey Maternal/Child Health Consortium: Black Infant Mortality Reduction Resource Center Approach: Strategic Relationships and Program Delivery Warm-Line for the General Community Including Professionals Outreach, Education, Training at Health Fairs and other Community Events Inform Media Outlets of Latest BIMR Developments in New Jersey Comprehensive Library including Evidence-based Research & Updated Bibliographies Cultural Competency BIMR Education for Clinicians Annual Perinatal Disparities Conferences Technical Assistance to support Regional, State-wide & National BIMR Efforts
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Centering Pregnancy Centering Pregnancy: A group model of prenatal care – empowering clients & professionals. The Centering Pregnancy Program alters routine prenatal care by bringing women out of exam rooms and into groups for their care. Regular meeting of 8-12 women meet through early post-partum.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Centering Pregnancy Based on patient empowerment Control of their bodies Their pregnancies, Their families Self-care activities of weight, blood pressure, estimation of gestation age Health care provider empowerment Sharing their care-giving with their clients.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan The Birthing Project USA: The Underground Railroad for New Life Capacity building embedded in visionary leadership, social support and grassroots community engagement. National training programs that focus on: Assessing community needs and resources Strategic planning Building collaborative partnerships Leadership Development Signature Program: Sister to Sister which is designed to is to improve birth outcomes by matching trained volunteers with pregnant women in order to provide support and education.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan South Carolina – Black Infants Better Survival Funded & Supported by: Government source WIC Healthy Start Program March of Dimes University of South Carolina received a grant Focused on women of child-bearing age, fathers and healthcare providers. Focuses on education and dispelling myths.
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Partnership with Faith Community African Methodist Episcopal ministers wives and widows alliance – Supporting Kids and Infants Into a New Generation Grant from March of Dimes to fund: Infant Mortality Curriculum Vitamins for Brides kits Baby Showers and Baskets for Expecting Parents Oral Health Initiative for Pregnant Women
©Professor Lynn Perry Wooten, May 2007 Ross School of Business, University of Michigan Lessons Learned and Reflections Committed and collective leadership Community Partnerships The importance of collecting and analyzing data Systematic, targeted, and structured programs based on best practices and evaluation The significance of nurses The coordination of services Empowering, educating, holistic, relationship- centered and life-course approaches
Strategizing to Address Healthcare Disparities Case studies of health system partnerships and capacity building activities Professor Lynn Wooten.
Federation of County Networks Feeling the Strength of Our Own Spirit… Developing a Plan to Address Comprehensive Approaches to Perinatal and Family Health.
Milwaukee Community Strategic Partnership Meeting Tactics, Strategies & Critical Elements to Build a Mass Movement to Reduce Infant Mortality in the City.
National Association of County and City Health Officials NACCHO Preconception Care Initiative: Support to Rural Local Health Departments.
United Way of Allegheny County Were all in this together. LIVE UNITED. Give. Advocate. Volunteer. United Way Request For Proposals.
Anita M. Baker, Ed.D. Building Evaluation Capacity Presentation Slides for Participatory Evaluation Essentials: An Updated Guide for Non-Profit Organizations.
Community Systems Change Through Learning Collaboratives: Multidisciplinary Partnerships for Healthy Child Development Jill Houbé, MD, MPhil Debra Lotstein,
1 Continuing Care for Mothers, Children, and Families Continuing Care for Mothers, Children, and Families Following Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission.
1 Disparities in Childrens Health: Getting to Community-based Solutions Debbie I. Chang, MPH Senior Vice-President and Executive Director Nemours Health.
ADOLESCENT HEALTH STRATEGIC PLAN Austin/Travis County Health and Human Services Department BWA Bernard Warren Associates Technical Assistance Planning.
The Roots of Childrens Health and Well-being Meeting Name Presenter Name Date 1.
Page 1 April 27, 2006 Board Engagement Session A2 Values/Vision/Experiences/Outcome Standards Oakland Unified School District Redesign.
Patient Centered Medical Home Data and Recognition Review for Saint Lukes Medical Group by Jennifer Woods, RN, BSN Director of Physician Practice Management.
Government/University Partnerships An International Perspective: The View from the United States.
Rule 132 New Services Clinical Overview April 2007.
Presented to: Project 10: Transition Education Network Region 3 Winter Institute January 17, 2012 Presented by: Dawn Hamilton, NextGen Recruiter All Aboard?
FY2011 Grants and Programs Coordinated Family and Community Engagement Grant Educator and Provider Support Procurement Early Childhood Mental Health Grant.
1 Massachusetts Birth to School-Age Task Force Phase 1: Pre Birth to Age Three October 2010.
Student Support Fall Conference : Coordinating & Collaborating for Student Success.
Millennium Development HIV/AIDS Goal Healthy People 2020 National AIDS Strategy for the United States Health Resources and Services Administration The.
Recovery: The Family’s Process of Healing and Hope CMHACY Conference Steve Hornberger, MSW May 2014 Pacific Grove, CA.
1 Serving Youth With Mental Health Needs NCLD/Youth: Independent Living Center Youth Programs Leadership Learning Community January 14 th, 2009.
Healthy Start Annual Grantee Meeting Sustainability as Organizational Strategic Intent September 24, 2003 Mario Drummonds, MS, LCSW, MBA Central.
Informal Consultation with UNICEF Executive Board New York, 8 March 2010 In-depth Review of the MTSP Emerging Findings.
Maine Governors Childrens Cabinet Orientation Chair, First Lady Karen Baldacci.
Merry-K. Moos, RN, FNP (retired), MPH, FAAN 3.0 contact hours Preconception Health Promotion : The Foundation for a Healthier Tomorrow Note: To use the.
Massachusetts State Advisory Council (SAC) on Early Childhood Education and Care Review of Grant, Work Plan Updates, and Year One Budget Considerations.
Early Intervention with Children in Substance Abusing Families in the Child Welfare System Elena Cohen, ACSW James DeSantis, PhD Lynne Katz, EdD July 2004.
Developing and Using Institutional Plans. Christopher D. Lambert Associate Director of Commission Relations ACCSCT.
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