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ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM Workshop on Confidence-Building Measures and Preventive Diplomacy in Asia and Europe Berlin 12 – 14 March 2008 Specific experiences.

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Presentation on theme: "ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM Workshop on Confidence-Building Measures and Preventive Diplomacy in Asia and Europe Berlin 12 – 14 March 2008 Specific experiences."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASEAN REGIONAL FORUM Workshop on Confidence-Building Measures and Preventive Diplomacy in Asia and Europe Berlin 12 – 14 March 2008 Specific experiences of an OSCE participating country with implementation and evaluation measures of the Vienna Document 1999

2 Bundeswehr Verification Center Colonel (GS) Ekkehard Hetzke Head of Division Division 3 Confidence Building Vienna Document 99

3 V erification V ertrauen (Confidence) V ölkerverständigung V ölkerverständigung (International Understanding)

4 BwVC Organizational Structure Director Dep Dir and COS Division 1 Central Arms Control Tasks Division 1 Central Arms Control Tasks Fed Off of Lang SMD 10 Fed Off of Lang SMD 10 MilIntLnOff Required to cooperate: Section 1 Planning/Evaluation (VD, CSBM in general) Section 1 Planning/Evaluation (VD, CSBM in general) S2/S3 S6 Staff, BwVC S4 S1 Division 2 Regional Con- ventional Arms Control Division 2 Regional Con- ventional Arms Control Division 3 Confidence Building Division 3 Confidence Building Division 4 Cooperative Aerial Observation Division 4 Cooperative Aerial Observation Division 5 Global Arms and Proliferation Control Division 5 Global Arms and Proliferation Control Air Transport Office Acc Sect Section 2 Mission Conduct (VD, CSBM in general) Section 2 Mission Conduct (VD, CSBM in general)

5 Arms Control Genealogical Tree ( Europe ) ( Europe ) Establishment of BwVC (1991) INF (1988) 1925 Geneva Protocol 1955 Eisenhower (USA/SU) 1989 Bushs proposal on NATO/ WP 1979 NATO double- track decision CBM (35 states) CDE 1989 CSBM Talks European Conventional Arms Talks 1973 MBFR SALT I/ABM SALT II CSCE Stockholm Document (1986) 1975 BWC 1975 Helsinki Final Act 1977/78 Belgrade 1980/83 Madrid 1986/89 Vienna 1990 Paris 1996 CFE Revision CFE (1992) APM (1999) VD (92/94/99) OS (1992) DPA (1996) CWC (1997) SALW (2001) CTBT (1996) 1990 Ottawa/ Budapest 1991 Vienna 01/ /1995 VD VD +Cde of Cd. +Cde of Cd CFE Adaptation 1992 Helsinki 1994 Budapest 1995 OSCE 1996 Lisbon 1999 Istanbul 01/1993 START II 07/1991 START I

6 CSBM Genealogical Tree ( Europe ) Establishment of BwVC (1991) 1925 Geneva Protocol CBM (35 states) CDE 1989 CSBM Talks 1973 MBFR CSCE Stockholm Document (1986) 1975 Helsinki Final Act 1977/78 Belgrade 1980/83 Madrid 1986/89 Vienna 1990 Paris VD (92/94/99) 1991 Vienna 01/ /1995 VD VD +Cde of Cd. +Cde of Cd Helsinki 1994 Budapest 1995 OSCE 1996 Lisbon 1999 Istanbul

7 *ALBANIA ANDORRA ARMENIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN BELARUS BELGIUM *BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BULGARIA CANADA CROATIA CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC *DENMARK ESTONIA FINLAND FRANCE GEORGIA GERMANY GREECE *THE HOLY SEE HUNGARY ICELAND IRELAND ITALY KAZAKHSTAN *KYRGYZSTAN LATVIA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUENIA LUXEMBOURG MACEDONIA MALTA *MOLDOVA MONACO MONTENEGRO THE NETHERLANDS NORWAY POLAND PORTUGAL *ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION SAN MARINO SERBIA *SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SPAIN SWEDEN SWITZERLAND *TAJIKISTAN TURKEY TURKMENISTAN UKRAINE *UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA UZBEKISTAN *56 states Vienna Document 1999 *6 OSCE Languages *German, English, French, Italian, Russian, Spanish

8 Vienna Document - Zone of Application -

9 Annual Exchange of Military Information Notification/Observation of Military Activities Evaluation Inspection Contacts Security + Confidence

10 I. Annual Exchange of Military Information Data Relating to Major Weapon and Equipment Systems * battle tanks * armored combat vehicles * APC and AIFV look-alikes * ATGM launchers (permanently mounted) *artillery pieces, mortars and MLRS (100 mm and above) * AVLB * combat aircraft * helicopters

11 II. Defense Planning * *force planning *information on previous expenditures * *information on budgets *clarification, review and dialog *possible additional information *defense policy and doctrine

12 Inspections (specified areas) Vienna Document Evaluations(Units/Formations) ContactsContacts

13 IV. Contacts *Visits to air bases *Program of military contacts and cooperation *Demonstration of new types of major weapon and equipment systems

14 Visit to a Military Facility in Belarus

15 Visit to an Air Base in the Czech Republic L – 159 light combat aircraft

16 V. Notification of Military Activities Notification =>9000 troops, or => 250 BT, or => 500 ACV, or => 250 artillery pieces if organized into a divisional structure or at least two brigades/regiments VI. Observation of Military Activities Observation =>13000 troops, or => 300 BT, or => 500 ACV, or => 250 artillery pieces

17 STRONG RESOLVE in Poland

18 Air Defense ExerciseILMA Finland Highway section used as a makeshift airfield F-18 Hornet taking off

19 Vienna DocumentContactsContacts Inspections (specified areas) Evaluations(Units/Formations)

20 Inspection 3x per year ? IX. Compliance and Verification POE The team may divide into two subteams 36 hrs to 5 days prior to arrival Request after 24 hrs Reply after 36 hrs Arrival

21 inspection request (For. Off.) reply note X- 36 hrs to 5 days X in 24 hrs 48 hrs* transfer inspection POE arrivalreturn trip Arrival in area Departure Entry Target Selection * within the spec. area Vienna Document - Inspection: Sequence of Events -

22 IX. Compliance and Verification Inspection Objectiveverify whether notifiable activities are taking place Durationup to 48 hours within the specified area Inspection teamup to 4 inspectors and auxiliary personnel Requirementsbriefing at agreed times inspection on the ground and from the air accommodation, meals, medical care

23 Units within a Specified Area in TJK AFGHANISTAN UZB TAVILDARA GARM AYVADZH DUSHANBE KURGAN-TYUBE Airborne Bde 191Mot Rifle Regt 201Mot Rifle Div 3indep Mot Rifle Bde 92Mot Rifle Regt 34 Mot Rifle Bn

24 Briefing in Kyrgyzstan

25 Overflight, Kyrgyzstan

26

27 Briefing in Tajikistan,

28 Barracks of Mtn Inf Bde at the border to Afghanistan Tajikistan,

29 Kazakhstan, March 2005

30 Inspections (specified areas) Vienna Document Evaluations(Units/Formations) ContactsContacts

31 IX. Compliance and Verification Evaluation Objectiveverify the information in the exchange of information Durationup to 12 hours on a working day Evaluation teamup to 3 inspectors Requirementsbriefing by the commander or his deputy on personnel, major weapon and equipment systems (nominal-actual) inspection of personnel, major weapon systems and equipment items no access to sensitive points accommodation, meals, medical care

32 Counting of Equipment

33

34 XI. Annual Implementation Assessment Meeting * Clarification of implementation issues * Discussion of the operation of measures * Implications for the CSBM process of the OSCE

35 VD 99 Activities of the BwVC Black Sea Caspian Sea VD activ passive Stand: 02/ TJK 8 TKM 9 UZB 6 KGZ

36 VD 99 Activities in 2007 Inspections84 Inspections, bilateral12 Evaluations36 Evaluations, bilateral24 Evaluations DAYTON V4 Contacts4 Voluntary Notification of military Activities18

37 Any Questions ?

38 Thank you for your attention !


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