Presentation on theme: "INTERPOL BIOTERRORISM PREVENTION PROGRAMME"— Presentation transcript:
1 INTERPOL BIOTERRORISM PREVENTION PROGRAMME Asean Regional Forum ( ARF) Workshop on Biological Threat Reduction, Manila10-11 June 2009Joris DE BAERDEMAEKERBioterrorism Prevention Program manager
2 GOALS OF BIOTERRORISM directed to life : animals, plants, humans kill, incapicate, contaminatewidespread fear, economic disruption, enhance organizational prestige
3 Definition of Bioterrorism "Bioterrorism refers to the intentional use of biological agents or toxins for the purpose of harming or killing humans, animals or plants with the intent to intimidate or coerce a government or civilian population to further political or social objectives.“INTERPOL Bioterrorism Incident Pre-Planning and Response Guide (BIRG)
4 Biological Attack Planning Obtaining virulent strains of any biological agentEmphasis on bacteria such as Ba and Yp.Finding personnel with scientific training or expertise to develop and produce a viable bio-threatLocating a facility to work undisturbed or undetectedTesting of the agentMust have appropriate storage capability
5 STRATEGY PREVENT PROTECT RESPOND PURSUE Ander schematje op Internet zoeken ??
7 2004: thanks to an important grant from the Sloan Foundation, INTERPOL develops the Bioterrorism Prevention ProgrammeAim of the programme: building national and international capacity to counter the threat of the intentional use of biological agents as weapons
8 INTERPOL Global Conference on Preventing Bioterrorism (March, 2005) Audience: senior police officers and counter-terrorism specialists, national and international governmental and non-governmental agencies, scientists and other academics.more than 500 participants from 155 different countries.Outcome of this conference : refer to
9 Regional Workshops African Workshop Asian Workshop Americas Workshop Middle East WorkshopEastern Europe/Asian Workshop
10 114 Countries and 361 Delegates African Workshop – South Africa31 Countries90 DelegatesAsian Workshop - Singapore27 Countries78 DelegatesAmericas Workshop - Chile26 Countries78 DelegatesEastern Europe and Central Asian Workshop - Ukraine21 Countries53 DelegatesMiddle East Workshop – Oman15 Countries62 Delegates114 Countries and 361 Delegates
12 THE BIOTERRORISM INCIDENT PRE-PLANNING AND RESPONSE GUIDE (BIRG)
13 TRAIN-THE-TRAINER SESSIONS Objectivesenable a cadre of trained personnel to carry basic lessons and spread their knowledge among larger communities;jointly identify strategies and identify resource gaps;forge sub-regional communications and cooperation;recommend legal measures to address gaps
14 TRAIN-THE-TRAINER SESSIONS ON PREVENTING BIOTERRORISM Train-the-Trainer sessions in Phase 2:Police officerHealth/medical representativeCustoms officerProsecutor or other official
15 CONTENT : Detection & Identification – Improved Intelligence and Public Health Surveillance and Epidemiology, Notification of Theft/Loss of Biological AgentsNotification & Assessment– Notification Protocols between Police and Public Health; Threat Assessment ProcessInvestigations & Response– Improved Coordination between Police and Public Health Investigations, Forensic Capabilities
16 Biosecurity and LAE many legal sources LAE should know Where are these agents stored ?Who is responsible for listing the measures of protection ?How are they protected ?
17 TRAIN-THE-TRAINER SESSIONS ON PREVENTING BIOTERRORISM 6 Train-the-Trainer sessions have been organized since 2007Date and placeRegionCountriesParticipants23-27 July 2007Nairobi, KenyaAfrica8318-12 October 2007Bucharest, RomaniaEastern Europe73518-22 February 2008Manila, PhilippinesAsia6327-11 April 2008Lima, PeruAmericas402-6 June 2008Hurghada, EgyptMiddle East &North Africa3416-20 March 2009Asuncion, Paraguay1043TOTAL45 countries215participants
22 TABLE-TOP EXERCISESThe focus is on how to detect and interdict potential criminal preparations prior to an attack occurring, and also on how to respond to it.Purpose:assess national capabilities for preventing bio-crimes,to identify the need for accelerated dedication of attention and resources,assess whether already-provided information has been implemented.The audience is high level national leaders and coordinators of multilateral organizations
23 TABLE-TOP EXERCISESScenario planning and exercise constitute measures that purposefully simulate worst case scenariosDifficulties in identifying agentExtent of the attack and its perpetratorsPossibilities of contamination are limitlessNo all hazards approachHazard approach to biopreparedness is problematic in that it fails to account for the differences in risks associated with the microbial world.
24 TABLE-TOP EXERCISES 1 Table-Top Exercise has been held in 2007 International Table-Top Exercise on Preventing Bioterrorism, Lyon, France, 3-4 December 2007-9 countries-5 International Organizations 30 participants1 Table-Top Exercise has been held in 2008International Table-Top Exercise on Preventing Bioterrorism, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 2008-5 countries-3 International Organizations 20 participants
25 FUTURE ACTIVITIES Until September 2011: 4 Train-the-Trainer sessions on Preventing Bioterrorism2 Table-Top ExercisesBioterrorism Preparedness Curriculum5 Rotational Fellowship Programme1 Police Academy WorkshopBiocrimes Database & Possible Technical Information DatabaseE-learning modules
26 ASEAN/PACIFIC REGIONTrain-the-trainer session for Asean/Pacific region : Feb 20101 Fellowship programme
27 CHALLENGES different levels of training regional approach/global messagekey elements aspartnerships ( know your partner),information and intelligence ( know the threat)prevention ( know how to prevent best)proactivity and investigation ( know how to proact en react).
28 CHALLENGES II Train the right people, the do’ers and the bosses, How does the system work ?Training and equipmentEvery LAE needs understandingKnowledge of the specialist to callInform high management of threat and initiatives taken
29 The Bioterrorism Prevention Programme INTERPOL Secretariat general 200, Quai Charles de Gaulle LYON – France