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Presentation on theme: "INTERPOL BIOTERRORISM PREVENTION PROGRAMME"— Presentation transcript:

Asean Regional Forum ( ARF) Workshop on Biological Threat Reduction, Manila 10-11 June 2009 Joris DE BAERDEMAEKER Bioterrorism Prevention Program manager

2 GOALS OF BIOTERRORISM directed to life : animals, plants, humans
kill, incapicate, contaminate widespread fear, economic disruption, enhance organizational prestige

3 Definition of Bioterrorism
"Bioterrorism refers to the intentional use of biological agents or toxins for the purpose of harming or killing humans, animals or plants with the intent to intimidate or coerce a government or civilian population to further political or social objectives.“ INTERPOL Bioterrorism Incident Pre-Planning and Response Guide (BIRG)

4 Biological Attack Planning
Obtaining virulent strains of any biological agent Emphasis on bacteria such as Ba and Yp. Finding personnel with scientific training or expertise to develop and produce a viable bio-threat Locating a facility to work undisturbed or undetected Testing of the agent Must have appropriate storage capability

Ander schematje op Internet zoeken ??

6 Bioterrorism Prevention Programme INTERPOL

7 2004: thanks to an important grant from the Sloan Foundation, INTERPOL develops the Bioterrorism Prevention Programme Aim of the programme: building national and international capacity to counter the threat of the intentional use of biological agents as weapons

8 INTERPOL Global Conference on Preventing Bioterrorism (March, 2005)
Audience: senior police officers and counter-terrorism specialists, national and international governmental and non-governmental agencies, scientists and other academics. more than 500 participants from 155 different countries. Outcome of this conference : refer to

9 Regional Workshops African Workshop Asian Workshop Americas Workshop
Middle East Workshop Eastern Europe/ Asian Workshop

10 114 Countries and 361 Delegates
African Workshop – South Africa 31 Countries 90 Delegates Asian Workshop - Singapore 27 Countries 78 Delegates Americas Workshop - Chile 26 Countries 78 Delegates Eastern Europe and Central Asian Workshop - Ukraine 21 Countries 53 Delegates Middle East Workshop – Oman 15 Countries 62 Delegates 114 Countries and 361 Delegates

11 INTERPOL Bioterrorism Prevention Web Page


Objectives enable a cadre of trained personnel to carry basic lessons and spread their knowledge among larger communities; jointly identify strategies and identify resource gaps; forge sub-regional communications and cooperation; recommend legal measures to address gaps

Train-the-Trainer sessions in Phase 2: Police officer Health/medical representative Customs officer Prosecutor or other official

15 CONTENT : Detection & Identification
– Improved Intelligence and Public Health Surveillance and Epidemiology, Notification of Theft/Loss of Biological Agents Notification & Assessment – Notification Protocols between Police and Public Health; Threat Assessment Process Investigations & Response – Improved Coordination between Police and Public Health Investigations, Forensic Capabilities

16 Biosecurity and LAE many legal sources LAE should know
Where are these agents stored ? Who is responsible for listing the measures of protection ? How are they protected ?

17 TRAIN-THE-TRAINER SESSIONS ON PREVENTING BIOTERRORISM 6 Train-the-Trainer sessions have been organized since 2007 Date and place Region Countries Participants 23-27 July 2007 Nairobi, Kenya Africa 8 31 8-12 October 2007 Bucharest, Romania Eastern Europe 7 35 18-22 February 2008 Manila, Philippines Asia 6 32 7-11 April 2008 Lima, Peru Americas 40 2-6 June 2008 Hurghada, Egypt Middle East & North Africa 34 16-20 March 2009 Asuncion, Paraguay 10 43 TOTAL 45 countries 215 participants





22 TABLE-TOP EXERCISES The focus is on how to detect and interdict potential criminal preparations prior to an attack occurring, and also on how to respond to it. Purpose: assess national capabilities for preventing bio-crimes, to identify the need for accelerated dedication of attention and resources, assess whether already-provided information has been implemented. The audience is high level national leaders and coordinators of multilateral organizations

23 TABLE-TOP EXERCISES Scenario planning and exercise constitute measures that purposefully simulate worst case scenarios Difficulties in identifying agent Extent of the attack and its perpetrators Possibilities of contamination are limitless No all hazards approach Hazard approach to biopreparedness is problematic in that it fails to account for the differences in risks associated with the microbial world.

24 TABLE-TOP EXERCISES 1 Table-Top Exercise has been held in 2007
International Table-Top Exercise on Preventing Bioterrorism, Lyon, France, 3-4 December 2007 -9 countries -5 International Organizations  30 participants 1 Table-Top Exercise has been held in 2008 International Table-Top Exercise on Preventing Bioterrorism, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 2008 -5 countries -3 International Organizations  20 participants

25 FUTURE ACTIVITIES Until September 2011:
4 Train-the-Trainer sessions on Preventing Bioterrorism 2 Table-Top Exercises Bioterrorism Preparedness Curriculum 5 Rotational Fellowship Programme 1 Police Academy Workshop Biocrimes Database & Possible Technical Information Database E-learning modules

26 ASEAN/PACIFIC REGION Train-the-trainer session for Asean/Pacific region : Feb 2010 1 Fellowship programme

27 CHALLENGES different levels of training
regional approach/global message key elements as partnerships ( know your partner), information and intelligence ( know the threat) prevention ( know how to prevent best) proactivity and investigation ( know how to proact en react).

28 CHALLENGES II Train the right people, the do’ers and the bosses,
How does the system work ? Training and equipment Every LAE needs understanding Knowledge of the specialist to call Inform high management of threat and initiatives taken

29 The Bioterrorism Prevention Programme INTERPOL Secretariat general 200, Quai Charles de Gaulle LYON – France


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