Presentation on theme: "The Missile Technology Control Regime"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Missile Technology Control Regime Presented by Malcolm SmithChairman of MTCR Technical Experts
2 The Aims of MTCR and how it achieves them It sets out Guidelines which members formally undertake to upholdIt asks non-partners to adhere to the Guidelines
3 Purpose of the Guidelines I To limit the risks of proliferation of WMD (i.e. nuclear, chemical and biological weapons) by controlling transfers that could make a contribution to delivery systems (other than manned aircraft) for such weapons.To limit the risk of controlled items and their technology falling into the hands of terrorist groups and individuals.
4 Purpose of the Guidelines II Not intended to impede national space programs or international co-operation in such programs as long as they could not contribute to delivery systems for WMD.
5 The Guidelines Comprise An Objective, Practices, Procedures and a list Technologies contained in -An Equipment, Software and Technology Annex
6 ObjectiveGuidelines together with the Annex are the basis for controlling transfers to any destination of:Any delivery system (other than manned aircraft) capable of delivering WMD,Equipment and technology relevant to missiles whose performance in terms of payload and range exceeds stated parameters.
7 Evaluating a Transfer I Concerns about the proliferation of WMDCapabilities and objectives of missile and space programs of recipient stateSignificance of the transfer in terms of the potential development of delivery systems (other than manned aircraft) for WMD
8 Evaluating a Transfer II Assessment of the end use of the transferObtain these assurances from the recipient stateItems will be used only for the purpose stated and will not be modified nor replicated without the prior consent of the authorising GovernmentItems, replicas or derivatives will not be re- transferred without the consent of the authorising Government
9 Evaluating a Transfer III Applicability of relevant multilateral agreements.The risk of controlled items falling into the hands of terrorist groups and individuals.Exchange relevant in formation with other governments applying the Guidelines
10 Preview of The AnnexThe Annex consists of two categories of equipment and technology:Category I - Item 1 & Item 2 - of greatest sensitivityCategory II - Item 3 to Item 20
11 Transfer Procedures IRestraint on transfer of any Annex item - considered on a case-by-case basisParticular restraint on Category I transfers regardless of purpose, and with a strong presumption to denyParticular restraint on any transfer of Annex items, or of any missiles (whether or not in the Annex), if the Government judges they are intended for the delivery of WMD and there will be a strong presumption to deny
12 Transfer Procedures II Category I Production Facilities will not be authorisedOther Category I items will be authorised only rarely and require:binding government-to-government undertakingsexporting government to assume responsibility for ensuring that the item is put only to its stated end-use
13 Transfer Procedures III The decision to transfer remains the sole and sovereign judgement of the Government.The transfer of design and production technology directly associated with any items in the Annex will be subject to as great a degree of scrutiny and control as will the equipment itself.
14 Introducing the Annex Introduction Definitions Terminology Category I (Items 1 and 2)Category II (Items 3 to 20)Statement of Understanding
15 Annex Introduction An explanation of Category I and Category II Guidance on assessment of Category I and Category II systems and requirement to consider the ability to trade-off Range and PayloadNotes on the assessment of Technology and Software
16 Annex DefinitionsGives guidance on how to apply certain common words found in the Annex, in particular, Range and Payload
17 Annex TerminologyGives guidance on how to apply certain common expressions found in the Annex, which are insufficient to be definitions
18 Category I Item 1 - Complete Delivery Systems Item 2 - Complete Subsystems usable for Complete Delivery Systems
19 Category II (1) Item 3 - Propulsion Equipment and Components Item 4 - Propellants, Chemicals & Propellant ProductionItem 5 - Reserved for future useItem 6 - Structural materialsProduction of structural compositesPyrolytic deposition & densification
20 Category II (2) Item 7 - Reserved for future use Item Instrumentation, Navigation & Direction findingItem 10 - Flight ControlItem 1l - AvionicsItem 12 - Launch SupportItem 13 - Computers
21 Category II (3) Item 14 - Analogue to digital Converters Item 15 - Test Facilities and EquipmentItem 16 - Modelling-Simulation & Design IntegrationItem 17 - StealthItem 18 - Nuclear Effects ProtectionItem 19 - Other complete delivery SystemsItem 20 - Other Complete Subsystems
22 Structure of an Item List A - Equipment Assemblies & ComponentsB - Test & Production EquipmentC - MaterialsD - SoftwareE - Technology
23 Structure of an Item List - Examples 6A - Composite structures specially designed for use in systems specified in 1A or 2A6B - Filament winding machines6C - Resin impregnated fibre prepregs6D - Software specially designed for filament winding machines6E - Technical Data for regulation of autoclaves for the production of composites
24 Statement of Understanding Guidance on the use of National and International Standards referred to in the Annex
25 The Catch-All For items not listed in the Annex the government will: if it knows of intended use in delivery systems for WMD it will require an authorisation for the transfer, orif the exporter is aware the products may be for such activities, require notification by the exporter to the authorities who will decide whether or not an authorisation is necessary