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HOW TO ADMINISTER CONTROL LISTS Mr Jurgen Zacny Director Defence Trade Control & Compliance Australian Department of Defence.

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Presentation on theme: "HOW TO ADMINISTER CONTROL LISTS Mr Jurgen Zacny Director Defence Trade Control & Compliance Australian Department of Defence."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOW TO ADMINISTER CONTROL LISTS Mr Jurgen Zacny Director Defence Trade Control & Compliance Australian Department of Defence

2 Export Control Regimes Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Australia Group (AG) Australia Group (AG) Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) – covered separately Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) – covered separately

3 Treaties and Conventions Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Convention for Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) Convention for Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)

4 Control List Munitions Munitions Defence and related goods and technology Defence and related goods and technology Designed or adapted for military purposes including parts and accessories Designed or adapted for military purposes including parts and accessories Dual-use Dual-use comprises equipment and technologies developed to meet commercial needs but which may be used either as military components or for the development or production of military systems or weapons of mass destruction comprises equipment and technologies developed to meet commercial needs but which may be used either as military components or for the development or production of military systems or weapons of mass destruction

5 Control List (2) Munitions List (ML) Munitions List (ML) Categories 1 to 22 Categories 1 to 22 Includes: Includes: Military platforms and components Military platforms and components Weapons and ammunition Weapons and ammunition Chemical and biological warfare agents Chemical and biological warfare agents Explosives Explosives Electronic systems and equipment Electronic systems and equipment Software and technology Software and technology

6 Control List (3) Dual Use List Dual Use List 10 Categories 10 Categories Each category covers: Each category covers: A. Equipment, Assemblies and Components A. Equipment, Assemblies and Components B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment C. Materials C. Materials D. Software D. Software E. Technology E. Technology

7 Control List (4) Dual – Use categories Dual – Use categories Category 0 - Nuclear Materials, Facilities and Equipment covers material, equipment and technologies that are specific to the nuclear industry but which could make a contribution to a nuclear weapon activity or an un-safeguarded nuclear fuel-cycle activity. Category 0 - Nuclear Materials, Facilities and Equipment covers material, equipment and technologies that are specific to the nuclear industry but which could make a contribution to a nuclear weapon activity or an un-safeguarded nuclear fuel-cycle activity.

8 Control List (5) Dual – Use categories (cont) Dual – Use categories (cont) Category 1 - Materials, Chemicals, Micro-organisms and Toxins Category 1 - Materials, Chemicals, Micro-organisms and Toxins Category 2 - Materials Processing Category 2 - Materials Processing Category 3 – Electronics Category 3 – Electronics Category 4 – Computers Category 4 – Computers Category 5 - (Part 1) Telecommunications Category 5 - (Part 1) Telecommunications Category 5 - (Part 2) Information Security Category 5 - (Part 2) Information Security Category 6 - Sensors and Lasers Category 6 - Sensors and Lasers Category 7 - Navigation and Avionics Category 7 - Navigation and Avionics Category 8 – Marine Category 8 – Marine Category 9 - Propulsion Category 9 - Propulsion

9 Updating the Control List Regimes consider changes or new controls Regimes consider changes or new controls Regimes agree controls Regimes agree controls National adoption of control changes National adoption of control changes National implementation of controls National implementation of controls

10 Why Update the Control List Adjust control parameter thresholds to reflect technological advance Adjust control parameter thresholds to reflect technological advance Introduce new controls in response to emerging technologies Introduce new controls in response to emerging technologies Remove controls no longer relevant to non- proliferation aims Remove controls no longer relevant to non- proliferation aims Restructure and modify existing control text to improve clarity and ease of application Restructure and modify existing control text to improve clarity and ease of application

11 Application of Control List Understand the technology Understand the technology Match export goods specifications to control list Match export goods specifications to control list Seek subject matter expert advice if necessary Seek subject matter expert advice if necessary

12 Conclusion Good management and effective application of control lists are essential parts of a best practice export control system.


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