Presentation on theme: "Department of Foreign Affairs Office of United Nations and Other International Organizations Republic of the Philippines Briefing on Philippine Export."— Presentation transcript:
Department of Foreign Affairs Office of United Nations and Other International Organizations Republic of the Philippines Briefing on Philippine Export Control Regime Development ASEAN Regional Forum Export Licensing Experts Meeting Singapore,
Presentor Presentor Jesus Gary S. Domingo Director for International Political, Legal and Security Affairs, UNIO, Dept. of Foreign Affairs, Metro Manila, Philippines Secretary, Interim National Authority for WMD Inspection and Control (NAWIC)
Overview Overview RP has signed and ratified the CWC, BWC, NPT, CTBT & POA-SALW Agreements RP is member of Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC) on Ballistic Missiles RP supports Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) RP Vice Chairman of UNSC 1540 Committee on WMDs
Overview Overview Philippines is seriously considering joining various Export Control Regimes. Singapore as model. Capacity Building Assistance from Japan, expressions of support from Australia, US.
Developments Export Control Seminars in Japan, Australia, US: 1990s - present 1 st Philippine Workshop on Export Control co-sponsored by METI Japan: 2004 Consolidation of existing trade and customs measures led by DFA-UNIO and Office of the Special Envoy on Transnational Crime (OSETC): ongoing APEC Conference on EC, Hawaii: 2005
Issues: Legislation Present laws prohibit misuse and possession hazardous wastes and nuclear/radiological materials, and usage of weapons and other devices/substances to inflict violence and harm. Anti-terrorism and WMD enabling legislation still pending.
Issues: Legislation Issues: Legislation Passage of new legislation is a very lengthy process. Difficulty in amending existing legislation (or passing executive branch ordinances) with penal provisions.
Issues: Industry Issues: Industry Philippine chemical industry is still developing, and very little activity in missile and nuclear technologies. Active SALW manufacturers and cottage industry. Ongoing insurgency problems. Need to develop awareness of EC in industrial sector.
Issues: Enforcement Issues: Enforcement Difficulty in establishing cooperation mechanisms with some agencies and private sector; frequent rotation and transfer of key personnel. Security and law-enforcement- related offices very cooperative but over- burdened. Difficulty in adjusting free & open trade / trade promotion paradigm.
Issues: Enforcement Issues: Enforcement Main problem forseen is transshipment- related. Terrorist incidents reveal usage mainly of conventional explosives. RP Customs, Trade and Police have extensive menu of prohibited and declarable items of export and import.
Policy Approach Policy Approach Continue consolidation of existing regulations, finalize control lists, draft new legislation as needed. Develop EC National Authority Assess existing enforcement capability. Need to establish National Data Center Conduct of Industrial Outreach Provide training & capacity buildingfor legal and enforcement agencies.
Maraming Salamat Po ! Thank You ! Maraming Salamat Po ! Thank You !