Presentation on theme: "Senior legal Officer, JSO,MOD,JAPAN"— Presentation transcript:
1 Senior legal Officer, JSO,MOD,JAPAN JSDF’s IDR OperationsI am Col KONNO Senior legal Officer, JSO,MOD JAPANMy specialty is domestic conference onlyWell lets begin with presentation about JSDF’s IDR OperationsNext slide pleaseCol KONNOSenior legal Officer, JSO,MOD,JAPAN
2 IDR Operations Concept Japan Disaster Relief Law International disaster relief operationsincrease humanitarian contribution- create a more stable security environmentJapan Disaster Relief Law1987 JDR Law was enacted Japan has engaged in international disaster relief activities when large-scale disasters have occurred oversea1992 JDR Law was amended to enable the SDF to participate when foreign minister deems it particularly necessarySince then, the SDF has maintained its readiness for IDR operations with its self-sufficient capability.1st of allIDR Operations Concept is increase humanitarian contribution and- create a more stable security environmentIDR operations legal base is the Law Concerning the Dispatch of International Disaster Relief Teams(so-called JDR Law)Outline of IDR Low as followsin 1987 , Since the International Disaster Relief Law was enacted in Japan has engaged ininternational disaster relief activities when large-scale disasters have occurred oversea in response to requests from the Governments of affected countries.In 1992, the International Disaster Relief Law was amended to enable the SDF to participate in international disaster relief operations.Since then, the SDF has maintained its readiness for international disaster relief operations with its self-sufficient capability.
3 Foreign Minister consults with Defense Minister orders the SDF PROCEDURESOur Disaster Relief Operations are based on the Request of the Receiving Countries or International OrganizationsForeign Minister consults withDefense Minister.Defense Minister orders the SDFto dispatch its unitsNow I shall touch upon the outline of IDR operations by the Japan Self-Defense Forces.First, I would like to explain procedures of the Japan Self -Defense Forces Units.Our Disaster Relief Operations are based on the Request of the Receiving Countries or International OrganizationsWhen Foreign Minister considers that dispatch of SDF units necessary,Foreign Minister consults with Defense Minister about dispatch of JSDF units.Then, Defense Minister orders JSDF to dispatch its units based upon above-mentioned consultation.JSDF’s IDR activities are conducted mainly in the area of Asia-Pacific region.Next slide pleaseAREASMainly the Asia-Pacific region
4 Ensuring water supplies using water-purifying devices FIELDS OF IDRMedical Services such as first aid medical treatment and epidemic preventionTransportation of goods, patients and disaster relief personnel by helicopter, etc.Ensuring water supplies using water-purifying devicesFields of ＩＤＲ by the JSDF units can be as follows.First, medical services, such as first-aid medical treatment and epidemic prevention, can be offered.Second, the JSDF units can transport goods, patients and DR personnel by helicopter and so on.Third, ensuring water supplies using water-purifying devices can be conducted.In addition, the JSDF may use transport planes and transport ships for relief activities.Next slide pleaseNote: JSDF may use transport planes and transport ships for relief activities.
5 MAJOR OPERATIONAL POLICY First dispatch within 48 hoursSecond dispatch within 5 daysArrival within approx. 2 weeksUnarmedPERIOD OF ACTIVITIESMajor operational policy is as follows.The first dispatch, that is, an advance party, shall depart within 48 hours after the order.The second dispatch, that is a main body, shall subsequently start to depart within 5 days.Contingent should arrive in the disaster area within about 2 weeks.AndEstimated Periods of activities can be about 3 weeks after the arrival of the second dispatch.Next slide pleaseApprox. 3 weeks after the arrival of the second dispatch
6 UNIT READINESS GSDF MSDF ASDF First dispatch : Medical, survey & liaison unit (including 2 doctors)Second dispatch:Medical unit (including 11 doctors), 3 of UH-1s,3 of CH-47s ,2 of Supply water setsMSDF1 of AOE, 1 of LST, 1 of DD/DDHThis is UNIT READINESSThe following units are in the readiness for international disaster operations;GSDFFor first dispatch, is Medical, survey and liaison unit(including 2 doctors).For second dispatch, is Medical unit(including 11 doctors), 6 helicopters, 2 supply water sets,MSDF1 of AOE, 1 of LST, 1 of DD/DDH 3 shipsASDF6 of C-130HsUntil last year C-130s ware released from readiness during the period of supporting [ Operation Iraq Freedom}.Next slide pleaseASDF6 of C-130Hs
7 JSDF’s IDR OPERATION Honduras 1998.11.13～1998.12.9 Pakistan ～Indonesia ～Russia ～Honduras ～Turkey ～Thailand ～This is JSDF’s IDR OPERATION actual resultsWe had 9time ＩＤＲ OPERATION from 1998Iran ～India ～Indonesia ～
8 IDR Operations at off Sumatra and Indian Ocean(2004） ○ 26th of December Occurred a big earthquake west off Sumatra Island of Indonesia and a tsunami in the Indian Ocean○ 27th of December Thai Government requested an aide to the Japanese Government○ 28th of December Request from Foreign Minister, MOD decided to dispatch the MSDF vessels○ 3rd of January Request by the Indonesian Government Japan dispatched on SDF units ○ 6th of January ASDF’s Airlift units, MSDF’s maritime units, and GSDF’s medical units to devastated areas mainly Banda Aceh, Indonesia.this isIDR Operations to respond to the large-scale earthquake off Sumatra and tsunami in the Indian Ocean In 2004On 26th of Decemberoccurred a big earthquake west off Sumatra Island of Indonesia and a tsunami in the Indian Ocean.It inflicted a huge damage upon people and land of the areas.On 27th,the Thai Government requested an aide to the Japanese Government,on 28th, in responding to the request from Foreign Minister, Minister ofState for Defense decided to dispatch theMSDF vessels on the way back to Japan aftercompleting their mission based on anti-terrorism law, to turn their route toward Thailand rapiedy.Besides, in responding to the request by the Indonesian Governmenton 3rd of January,Japan dispatched on SDF unitsafter 6th of Januarythe ASDF’s Airlift units, the MSDF’s maritime units, and the GSDF’s medical unitsto devastated areas, mainly Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
9 SAR Operation by MSDF in Thailand KIRISHIMASearch and rescue２９.Dec～３１.DecSearch and rescue３１Dec～1JanTAKANAMIKaolackHAMANAThis is SAR Operation by MSDF TFS in ThailandPhuket
10 SDF’s IDR in Indonesia This is SDF’s IDR in Indonesia GSDF use MSDF ＬＳＴ KUNISAKI at hotelMSDF hover craft transport bull because grand road was DestroyedASDF airlift ＤＲ materials from Thailand at utapao ＡＢ
11 IDR Operations at off Sumatra and Indian Ocean(2004） Medical treatmentvaccinationPrevention of epidemicAirliftThis is also International Disaster Relief Operations in Indonesia(2004)Medical treatment , vaccination(ワクチン）, Prevention of epidemicAnd Airliftfrom Jan 6, 05 through Mar 23, 05
12 IDR Activity for Earthquake in Indonesia(2006) 27th May: Earthquake occurred in the vicinity ofIndonesia/Java Island28th May: GOJ determined to supply emergencyrelief, to dispatch JICA team.29th May: JDA directed preparation for dispatch30th May: JDA dispatched advance party31st May: JDA directed order for dispatch1st June : JGSDF Medical unit departed on JASDFC-130x2 and commercial aircraft2nd June: JGSDF Medical team arrived at damagedarea and started relief operation. Issuedadditional unit order.4th June: Additional medical unit departed onJASDF C-130x2 and commercial aircraft5th June: Additional Medical unit arrived atdamaged area and started relief operation.13th June: JDA directed redeployment order.16th June: The relief operation on site ended.PrambananFirst aidBunderFirst aidThis isIDR Activity for Earthquake in Indonesia(27th May, 2006 Indonesia/Java Island )Results of Activities・Diagnosis 3,759(surgery 1,276 internal 2,483) ・Inoculation １，６８３・Disinfection ４，３００㎡South-southwest of yogyakarta (M6.3)JakartaBleberFirst aidmedical supportFocus of earthquakeYogyakartaResults of Activities・Diagnosis 3,759(surgery 1,276 internal 2,483) ・Inoculation １，６８３・Disinfection ４，３００㎡
13 IDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005) Airlift Chronology ・ 8th Oct The Earthquake struck Pakistan ・ 17th Oct 3 UH-1s start transport operation ・ 21st Oct Additional 3 UH-1s dispatched ・ 24th Nov Operation ended※ GSDF totally transported 40.7 tons of materials and 720 personnel.Local activitiesPakistan/CashmereChinaAfghanistanThis is IDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005)Allai ○Batram ◎×Road situationIndia/CashmereIslamabad◎epicenterPakistanIndia
14 IDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005) Allai（about １３００ｍ alt.）Batgram（about １０００ｍ alt.）Muzaffarabad（about ８２０ｍ alt.）1 hour flight of 1５０ｋｍThis is alsoIDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005)ＧＳＤＦ use 6 hell４ UH-1s transport relief materials such astents, blankets, doctors, other support teams twice a day andanother 1 UH-1 is for rescue, and the other 1 UH-1 is a reserve・４ UH-1s transport relief materials such as tents, blankets, doctors, other support teams twice a dayIslamabad(about ５２０ｍ alt.）Chakrara AB
15 IDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005) Ｃ－１３０Transport of patientsTransport of goodsThis is alsoIDR for the Earthquake in Pakistan(2005)We must be detach hell s pro for loading
16 LEGAL ISSUE IDR must be rapid but must be very careful In Case of accident various Legal Issue will occur In Civil caseHow to Settle various claims for damage or lossHow to treat Civil liabilityHow to conduct necessary investigationIn Criminal caseHow to exercise Criminal jurisdictionHow to treat suspect and persons concernedEffectiveness of professional licensesOthersUsually ＩＤＲ request Rapid deployment and operation but must be very careful because In Case of Accident various Legal Issue will occur ｆｏｒ example ＳＤＦ aircraft crash during IDR OP and injure local Person ,or damage local persons propertyIn Civil caseHow to Settle various claims for damage or lossHow to treat Civil liabilityHow to conduct necessary investigation andIn case of settlement failure How to treat Civil action and Civil procedureIn Criminal caseHow to exercise Criminal jurisdiction and prosecutionHow to treat suspect and persons concerned during IDR OPEffectiveness of professional licenses such as Driver, flight , doctor licenses valid by appropriate governmentOthers LEGAL ISSUE are CIQ for rapid operation customs , immigration ,quarantine inspection Must be simplification
17 Measures to enable smooth IDR Rapid deploymentInformation sharing, among many actorsCooperation and coordination with each otherEstablishment of temporary coordination centerCapability building such as ARF IDR EXNext is Measures to enable smooth IDR As you know Rapid deployment is very importantQuick request and prompt action is desirable especially In case of no request Japan can not deploy sdfinformation, Sharing among many actorsIn the relief operation, information , such as situation of disaster area, relief needs,and current situation of other relief unit , was needed. For information gathering, and information sharing among many actors is importantCooperation and coordination each othercoordination of the activities with the militaries of different countries andmutual support in logistics with foreign contingents could have been useful for the operationsEstablishment of temporary coordination centerappropriate organization such as the Combined Coordination Center had worked well and effectively.Capability building such as ARF HADR EXIs important SDF every year participate CGEX and conducting joint training exercises(CPX )for IDR OPLastly,We need some legal framework for legal issueFor the purpose of improving the speed of multinational crisis response and the effectiveness, the strategies and procedures,such as SOP should be developed.And it would be beneficial to take steps to improve the effectiveness of communication among aid personnel not only militaries, but also in governments, international organizations, and NGOs that will actually carry out relief activities by exchanging views