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1 Thailands Alternative Development Experience Mr. Pithaya Jinawat Deputy Secretary-General, NCB Thailand.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Thailands Alternative Development Experience Mr. Pithaya Jinawat Deputy Secretary-General, NCB Thailand."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Thailands Alternative Development Experience Mr. Pithaya Jinawat Deputy Secretary-General, NCB Thailand

2 2 In 19 th Century, the ethnic minority groups migrated into Thailand from south China. Resided and grew opium poppy in northern mountain areas.

3 3 Thailand Northern Thailand In 76 Highland units of potential areas for opium poppy cultivation Covering 2 million hectares in 12 provinces Potential highland areas for opium cultivation CMI CRI MHS TAK PYA NAN LPG PRI PSL PCB KPP LEO

4 4 Lack of government support Infrastructure Infrastructure Education Education Health Health Occupations Occupations etc. etc. Tribal People in remote area

5 5 The Royal Project began in 1969 Royal Initiative to Solve Opium Poppy Cultivation in Thailand

6 6 To Help the People to Help Themselves To Help the People to Help Themselves To put in place development work prior to impose law Enforcement To put in place development work prior to impose law Enforcement To solve the problem in a sustainable manner To solve the problem in a sustainable manner Opium Solving Principles: The Royal Initiatives

7 7 Royal Project administers 28 extention stations situated in Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son. Lamphun, Phayao and Nan provinces. Some 274 villages are covered comprising of 10,695 families or 53,589 people. The Royal Project Areas

8 8 Doi Tung Development Project Began in 1987

9 9 Solving the problems of: HEALTHLIVELIHOODEDUCATION Doi Tung Holistic and Integrated Approach

10 10 Area enlarged

11 11 Cash Crop Replacement & Research Cash Crop Replacement & Research Non Agricultural Product Promotion Non Agricultural Product Promotion Basic Health Care Improvement Basic Health Care Improvement Education Service Provision Education Service Provision Infrastructure Improvement Infrastructure Improvement Marketing Support for AD products Marketing Support for AD products Alternative Development Promotion and Implementation

12 12 Visionary Leadership Visionary Leadership Political Commitment Political Commitment People and Community Participation People and Community Participation Holistic Alternative Development Approach Holistic Alternative Development Approach International Assistance International Assistance In-country Cooperation In-country Cooperation Thailands lessons learned

13 13 The leadership of H.M. King Bhumibhol Adulyadej and Her Royal Highness Princess Srinagarindhra in an initiation and implementation of the Royal Project and the Doi Tung Development Project. The leadership of H.M. King Bhumibhol Adulyadej and Her Royal Highness Princess Srinagarindhra in an initiation and implementation of the Royal Project and the Doi Tung Development Project. Development Principle: to Help the people to help themselves Development Principle: to Help the people to help themselves Visionary Leadership

14 14 Commitment of government to provide support on financial and human resources to AD programs Commitment of government to provide support on financial and human resources to AD programs Integration of AD programs into the national development plan. Integration of AD programs into the national development plan. Political Commitment

15 15 Participation of people and community to create trust and ownership of the project Participation of people and community to create trust and ownership of the project Cooperation from the highland communities is vital to the sustained reduction in illicit opium cultivation Cooperation from the highland communities is vital to the sustained reduction in illicit opium cultivation People and Community Participation

16 16 To promote agricultural and socioeconomic development. To promote agricultural and socioeconomic development. To ease poverty and improve standard of living. To ease poverty and improve standard of living. Holistic Alternative Development Approach

17 17 Technical and financial support from donor countries and international organizations Technical and financial support from donor countries and international organizations Market access for alternative development products Market access for alternative development products International Assistance

18 18 The cooperation from every sector in the country. In-country Cooperation

19 19 AD Project Thailand-Myanmar Thailand-Myanmar Yong Kha Development Project ( ) Yong Kha Development Project ( ) Thailand-Afganistan Thailand-Afganistan Mae Fah Luang Foundations AD Project in Afganistan Mae Fah Luang Foundations AD Project in Afganistan Thailands International Cooperation on AD

20 20 AD Learning Centres The Royal Project Foundation The Royal Project Foundation The Doi Tung Development Project, Mae Fah Luang Foundation The Doi Tung Development Project, Mae Fah Luang Foundation Thailands International Cooperation on AD


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