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Developments needed in Curricula to prepare Military Officers and Defence Officials for their Roles in dealing with Future Defence and Security Challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "Developments needed in Curricula to prepare Military Officers and Defence Officials for their Roles in dealing with Future Defence and Security Challenges."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developments needed in Curricula to prepare Military Officers and Defence Officials for their Roles in dealing with Future Defence and Security Challenges

2 Sequence Future Security Challenges / Issues Future Security Challenges / Issues Moot Points Moot Points Curriculum Curriculum Conclusion Conclusion

3 Introduction

4 If no nuclear holocaust takes place, then conventional war appears to be in the final stages of abolishing itself; if one does take place, then it will already have abolished itself. This dilemma does not mean that perpetual peace is on its way, much less that organized violence is coming to an end. As war between states exits through one side of historys revolving door, low- intensity conflict among different organizations will enter through the other If no nuclear holocaust takes place, then conventional war appears to be in the final stages of abolishing itself; if one does take place, then it will already have abolished itself. This dilemma does not mean that perpetual peace is on its way, much less that organized violence is coming to an end. As war between states exits through one side of historys revolving door, low- intensity conflict among different organizations will enter through the other

5 Introduction

6 Future Security Challenges / Issues Terrorism Terrorism 976 major acts of international terrorism committed from year 2003 to 2005 with an annual average of 325 976 major acts of international terrorism committed from year 2003 to 2005 with an annual average of 325 Ian Bellany

7 Pakistans Role in Countering Terrorism In 2006, in Pakistan 657 terrorist attacks, including 41 of sectarian nature were perpetrated, leaving 907 people dead and 1,543 others injured In 2006, in Pakistan 657 terrorist attacks, including 41 of sectarian nature were perpetrated, leaving 907 people dead and 1,543 others injured Pak Institute for Peace Studies Pakistan is signatory to 11 United Nations Counter Terrorism conventions Pakistan is signatory to 11 United Nations Counter Terrorism conventions

8 Pakistans Role in Countering Terrorism Pakistan has signed extradition treaties with thirty countries Pakistan has signed extradition treaties with thirty countries Enhancing cooperating with ASEAN Regional Forum Enhancing cooperating with ASEAN Regional Forum Cooperating with coalition partners in Afghanistan Cooperating with coalition partners in Afghanistan

9 Pakistans Role in Countering Terrorism Captured more terrorists, especially over 600 linked with Al-Qaida Captured more terrorists, especially over 600 linked with Al-Qaida Committed some 80,000 troops along its Western Borders Committed some 80,000 troops along its Western Borders Pakistan has so far lost 900 personnel in counter terrorist operations in areas close to Pakistan – Afghanistan Border Pakistan has so far lost 900 personnel in counter terrorist operations in areas close to Pakistan – Afghanistan Border

10 Future Security Challenges / Issues Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

11 Future Security Challenges / Issues Extremism Extremism At the national and international levels, unjust economic, social and political systems which really spawn violations of economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights, contribute to the birth and nurturing of extremism which ultimately leads to terrorism At the national and international levels, unjust economic, social and political systems which really spawn violations of economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights, contribute to the birth and nurturing of extremism which ultimately leads to terrorism

12 Future Security Challenges / Issues Extremism Extremism To break the synergy between politico- religious extremism, major powers should avoid the double standards, discriminatory approach, intolerance, unwillingness to compromise To break the synergy between politico- religious extremism, major powers should avoid the double standards, discriminatory approach, intolerance, unwillingness to compromise

13 Future Security Challenges / Issues Role of Non State Actors Role of Non State Actors pursue their own agenda, protect their own interests and have loyalties only to themselves, hence further complicate the global security environment pursue their own agenda, protect their own interests and have loyalties only to themselves, hence further complicate the global security environment

14 Future Security Challenges / Issues Asymmetric Warfare / Threats Asymmetric Warfare / Threats Radical groups and relatively weaker non-state actors are using unexpected means to deal stunning blows to more powerful opponents Radical groups and relatively weaker non-state actors are using unexpected means to deal stunning blows to more powerful opponents The modern means and modes such as information and cyber warfare make them ever more evasive and lethal The modern means and modes such as information and cyber warfare make them ever more evasive and lethal

15 Future Security Challenges / Issues Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) Combat Military Operations may include, counter terrorism / counter insurgency operations, UN operations (Chapter 7), counter drug / weapons and anti piracy operations, participation in coalition operations, enforcement of maritime regimes and exclusion zone Combat Military Operations may include, counter terrorism / counter insurgency operations, UN operations (Chapter 7), counter drug / weapons and anti piracy operations, participation in coalition operations, enforcement of maritime regimes and exclusion zone

16 Future Security Challenges / Issues Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) Non combat military operations may include, disaster relief operations, UN operations (Chapter 6), nation building /reconstruction / support operations, security / law and order, evacuation, search and rescue, ordnance disposal, salvage, arson / accidental fire and humanitarian assistance and epidemic control Non combat military operations may include, disaster relief operations, UN operations (Chapter 6), nation building /reconstruction / support operations, security / law and order, evacuation, search and rescue, ordnance disposal, salvage, arson / accidental fire and humanitarian assistance and epidemic control

17 Future Security Challenges / Issues Role of Media Role of Media Media through focus on violence can negatively contribute to conflict escalation and distort the public's perceptions of the situation Media through focus on violence can negatively contribute to conflict escalation and distort the public's perceptions of the situation Where it can accrue, if managed adroitly, numerous advantages, it can be an effective propaganda tool in the hands of terrorists which they will use for both tactical and strategic gains Where it can accrue, if managed adroitly, numerous advantages, it can be an effective propaganda tool in the hands of terrorists which they will use for both tactical and strategic gains

18 Moot Points What is the concept or our understanding of Global War on Terror? What is the concept or our understanding of Global War on Terror? Lack of agreement on a definition of terrorism Lack of agreement on a definition of terrorism Divergence in political aims Divergence in political aims No single country is capable of fighting global terrorism single handedly No single country is capable of fighting global terrorism single handedly Mutual trust and understanding of each others capacities/capabilities and limitations Mutual trust and understanding of each others capacities/capabilities and limitations

19 Curriculum Formulation of National Asymmetric War / Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) Strategy Formulation of National Asymmetric War / Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) Strategy Military Doctrine on LIC Military Doctrine on LIC Determination of clear threat Determination of clear threat Doctrine may incorporate the following:- Doctrine may incorporate the following:- Concept of low intensity conflict Concept of low intensity conflict The threat perception/assessment The threat perception/assessment Role of various law enforcing agencies Role of various law enforcing agencies Role of Military and its various arms and services Role of Military and its various arms and services Training Training Logistics Logistics Legal aspects Legal aspects

20 Curriculum Psychological aspects Psychological aspects Understanding and objective evaluation of environment Understanding and objective evaluation of environment Intelligence Intelligence Media management Media management

21 Curriculum Leadership doctrines to develop junior leaders for operations under highly decentralized environment Leadership doctrines to develop junior leaders for operations under highly decentralized environment Impact of technology on future operations Impact of technology on future operations Joint planning and interoperability Joint planning and interoperability Complete understanding of the nature of conflict Complete understanding of the nature of conflict Art of negotiation Art of negotiation

22 Curriculum Legal matters Legal matters Interrogation/handling of information Interrogation/handling of information Disaster Management; Planning / Organization and conduct of relief and rehabilitation operations Disaster Management; Planning / Organization and conduct of relief and rehabilitation operations Impact of information and cyber warfare Impact of information and cyber warfare Seminars, exercises and dialogues at ARF level to intermittently exchange views and share experiences Seminars, exercises and dialogues at ARF level to intermittently exchange views and share experiences

23 Training Curriculum for Junior Military Leaders A thorough understanding of the background of the conflict A thorough understanding of the background of the conflict Hostage rescue techniques and drills Hostage rescue techniques and drills Cordon and search Cordon and search Counter mobility Counter mobility Checking of various documents Checking of various documents Small combat team training capable of independent, rapid and decisive engagement and adapting quickly to prevalent condition Small combat team training capable of independent, rapid and decisive engagement and adapting quickly to prevalent condition

24 Training Curriculum for Junior Military Leaders Psychological operations and public relations Psychological operations and public relations Art of negotiations and persuasion Art of negotiations and persuasion Interrogation Interrogation Manipulation of military measures including civic actions Manipulation of military measures including civic actions Handling of information Handling of information Media handling Media handling

25 Training of Individual Solider Build superb physical stamina and endurance Build superb physical stamina and endurance Expertise in handling a variety of weapons Expertise in handling a variety of weapons Sniping/sharp shooting to pick up targets in population centers Sniping/sharp shooting to pick up targets in population centers Handling of global positioning system, night vision devices Handling of global positioning system, night vision devices To be able to act independently, in absence of comprehensive orders or breakdown in communication To be able to act independently, in absence of comprehensive orders or breakdown in communication

26 Training of Individual Solider Initiative, mental mobility and quick reflexes Initiative, mental mobility and quick reflexes Adaptability to local conditions and ability to blend with the populace Adaptability to local conditions and ability to blend with the populace Knowledge about modus operandi, strategy and weaknesses of the terrorists/insurgents Knowledge about modus operandi, strategy and weaknesses of the terrorists/insurgents Technique of fighting in Built Up Areas Technique of fighting in Built Up Areas Techniques of movement both mounted and dismounted, including efficient driving Techniques of movement both mounted and dismounted, including efficient driving

27 Training of Individual Solider Handling of explosive Handling of explosive Emplaning, deplaning and repelling Emplaning, deplaning and repelling Know-how about martial arts Know-how about martial arts Survival under conditions of stress and strain Survival under conditions of stress and strain A very high degree of motivation, esprit de corps and devotion to the cause A very high degree of motivation, esprit de corps and devotion to the cause Ability to operate with minimum logistics Ability to operate with minimum logistics Expertise in night navigation and specialized operations Expertise in night navigation and specialized operations Awareness of human rights, sensitivities and social ethics of the area of operation Awareness of human rights, sensitivities and social ethics of the area of operation

28 Conclusion


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