Presentation on theme: "ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE COLLEGE"— Presentation transcript:
1ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE COLLEGE MALAYSIAN APPROACH TO ADDRESSTHE BIOLOGICAL THREATSPresentation By:SUPT MD ZUKIR HJ MD ISARoyal Malaysia Police&Mr. ROSLAN WAHABMalaysian Civil Defense Department1
2SCOPE INTRODUCTION MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT’S STAND ON TERRORISM MALAYSIAN GOVT’S APPROACH TO CBRN THREATEXECUTIVE POWERS, JURISDICTION AND ROLES OF AGENCIESMALAYSIA’S EXPERIENCE WITH CBRN-CASES OF ANTRAX SCARECONCLUSION
3INTRODUCTIONThe Malaysian government views the biological threats seriouslyRecognize that biological attack threatens the security of the entire nationMalaysia as a whole, needs to be well prepared for such eventuality and no effort is spared in preparing to meet and overcome such challenges
4MALAYSIAN GOVT’S STAND ON TERRORISM Condemns and opposes any form of terrorism;Giving due regards to the protection of lives of hostages and property;Resolving crisis/conflict through negotiation;Opposes exchange of hostages as a solution; andTaking armed assault action as the last option.
5MALAYSIAN GOVT’S APPROACH TO CBRN THREAT Malaysia has adopted a holistic approach with thefollowing comprehensive framework namely:A clear authoritative guideline as to the executive powers and jurisdiction as well as roles and functions of each of the agency or Ministry in managing a crisis, both terrorism or terrorist related disaster.A corpus of effective legislations to enforce or execute the plan;An efficient law enforcement and monitoring agencies; andInternational cooperation at the bilateral, multilateral, regional or inter regional levels
6EXECUTIVE POWERS, JURISDICTION AND ROLES OF AGENCIESIn Malaysia, the policy making body and authority that decides on the mechanism to manage and coordinate any disaster or terrorism related disaster is the National Security Council (NSC) under the Prime Minister’s Department .Under this body (NSC) each agency involved in disaster handling will be able to execute its duties in a more orderly and coordinated manner avoiding confusion, conflicts, contradictory or duplication of roles in the management of a disaster.
7The National Security Council Directive No 18: - Definition which include the use of lethal weapons, explosives, hazardous material or weapon of mass destruction i.e. CBRN.- Specifically provides the managing mechanism.- Defines the role and functions of each agency. Among the agencies are Royal Malaysia Police (RMP), The Ministry of Health, Fire and Rescue Department, Civil Defense Department etc- RMP is the lead agency in crisis and disaster management of the country. Other gencies/departments would act as the supporting agency in accordance to their expertise.
8Roles of the Ministry of Health (MoH) in managing biological threats :MoH has set up a multidisciplinary team to establish a national outbreak preparedness plan to meet any eventualities as a result of infectious diseases outbreaks, including bio terrorist attacks.The plan involves the setting up of rapid response teams at district, state and national levels. This team is a predetermined team identified based on individual expertise and experience and assembled by matching expertise and incident needs in order to provide rapid response to manage such outbreaks effectively.
9The surveillance of infectious diseases( laboratory- based surveillance and a syndromic surveillance) is the responsibility of the Surveillance Unit of the Disease Control Division, MoH which also monitors unusual outbreaks occurring in any part of the world.Risk Communication: Sharing medical Intelligence on biological threats with International Agencies such as The Center of Disease Control , Atlanta and The Secretariat of WHO.Providing early information to the public as well as the media.
10Effective Legislations: - Preventive laws i.e. Internal Security Act ( ISA )1960- Principal laws i.e. Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code were amended in 2003 to decree the commission of terrorist acts, the financing of terrorism and hostage taking. The law provides death punishment for acts of terrorism andoffences as seizable and non- bailable.
11- Other relevant legislations - The Anti Money Laundering Act 2001;- The Mutual Assistance In Criminal Matters Act ; and- The Chemical Weapons Convention Act 2004.An Efficient Law Enforcement Agency (RMP)- RMP is the lead agency in the enforcement of criminal and security offences which includesterrorist related incident.- Trained locally and abroad on threats of WMD and counter terrorism. RMP’s forensic lab is capable to analyze both bio and chemical samples in consort with the Chemistry Department and the MoH.
12International Cooperation - Malaysia is currently a State Party to 9 of the 13 (2007) International Conventions and Protocols on CombatingTerrorism.May 2002 – Malaysia and the US signed aDeclaration on Co-operation to combatterrorism. Framework of cooperation includeprevention, disruption and combatinginternational terrorism.- August MoU on similar co-operationsigned with the Australian Government,- Co-operation through ASEANAPOL. Providesmutual assistance and reciprocity inprosecutions, tracing, interviewing of witnessesand suspects, as well as procurement ofinformation and criminal records.
13MALAYSIA’S EXPERIENCE WITH CBRN-CASES OF ANTRAX SCARE Throughout October 2001, 89 incidents of anthrax scare were reported to the Malaysian Police and 6 incidents in November Total 95 cases were reported;No arrest were made arising from these reports;Laboratory tests by the Institute of Veterinary Research Malaysia (IVR) confirmed that they were negative;The work of pranksters who wanted to create panic.
14CONCLUSIONThe scourge of terrorism and the biological threats could only be managed and overcome through a concerted effort and cooperation among member countries.Malaysia welcome such an effort to achieve the objective of this workshop for a more peaceful and a better world for all