Presentation on theme: "Indonesias Plan for Stockpile Destruction under Ottawa Convention Presented by: Indonesia Delegate M. Aji Surya (Deputy Director for ARF, BIMP-EAGA IMT-GT,"— Presentation transcript:
Indonesias Plan for Stockpile Destruction under Ottawa Convention Presented by: Indonesia Delegate M. Aji Surya (Deputy Director for ARF, BIMP-EAGA IMT-GT, ACD)
Indonesias Obligation under Ottawa Convention (1) As a Party of the Convention, Indonesia commits for the implementation of the Convention by the destruction of the stockpile. Based on the submission of instruments of ratification to the secretary General of the United Nations, Indonesia became a State Party on 1 August 2007; therefore the obligation to destroy the stockpile as stipulated by article 4 should have completed by 1 August 2011. Indonesia has implemented Article 7 of the Convention that each state party shall report the stockpile destruction to the UNSG in not more than 180 days after the entry into force of the Convention The submission of Indonesias first transparency report is on January 2008. The submission of Indonesias first transparency report is on January 2008.
Indonesias Obligation under Ottawa Convention (2) Indonesian government is currently preparing a time- table plan for destruction which is due to be implemented within 4 years after the entry into force. The plan is to destroy the remaining 11 thousands of the stockpiles possessed within three or four stages. The first stage of Indonesias destruction program has been conducted on February 10 and 11, 2008 and destroyed 709 mines from Indonesia stockpile in Pamengpek, West Java. Indonesian government has intended to finish the process of destruction before 1 August 2011.
Indonesias Obligation under Ottawa Convention (3) Indonesia has ratified the Ottawa Convention through the promulgation of Law no. 20/2006 of 29 December 2006. The ratification instrument has been submitted to the UNSG and by 1 August 2007 the convention has entered into force for Indonesia. The ratification instrument has been submitted to the UNSG and by 1 August 2007 the convention has entered into force for Indonesia.
Indonesias Transparency Report on Stockpile for Anti-Personnel Landmines Indonesia has established inter-agency team to prepare the ratification process and transparency report. The task of this team was to count, identify, and verify the actual number of anti-personnel land mines possessed by Indonesia. The team has been dispatched to regional military commands across Indonesia that has begun its works since June 2007 and completed in August 2007.
Indonesias Transparency Report on Stockpile for Anti-Personnel Landmines Types of AP Mines to Destroy 16.500 anti-personnel mines of different types still remain in Indonesia. They are made by Yugoslavia, India, Belgium and Russia. Stockpile to be destroyed is 11.603 that consist of: - 9860 AP mines are of PMA-1 types of Yugoslavia - 1612 AP mines are of PMRS type of Yugoslavia 4978 stockpile will be used as instruction/teaching materials, as allowed under Article 3 of the Convention.
Indonesias Transparency Report on Stockpile for Anti-Personnel Landmines Currently, the stockpile of Indonesias anti- personnel mines is located in several different regional military commands in Sumatra and Java The location for the destruction of the stockpile will be conducted in fives different places namely: Garut, Blitar, Medan, Malang and Kebumen.
Challenges of Destruction Indonesian military has been trying to establish method of explosion which applies of safety standard. Difficulties/Obstacles: Difficulties/Obstacles: - Technical difficulties - Lack of trained personnel for destruction - Distance between the initial storage/stockpile and the location of destruction Indonesia as an archipelagic state - Inadequate technology for destruction that meet international safety standard
Indonesias view on the Effort for the Stockpile Destruction Indonesia will continue with the endeavor to enhance cooperation with a view to complementing and achieving the ultimate goal, namely a world free of landmines. Efforts must be taken to stop the victims of the horrendous anti- personnel land-mines, particularly women and children. The most practical way to enhance more participation to the Convention is to pursue a step-by-step approach. - Forging cooperation in mine-related activities among countries in the region is important for this effort. - The exchange of expertise among countries in the region will also be useful. This approach would pave the way for the future political commitment toward the accession to the Convention and to address the humanitarian implication of anti-personnel landmines. In this regard, only through continued and persistent efforts can be achieved the goal of universal adherence to the Convention.