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Forum for Security Co-operation General mechanisms for the implementation, evaluation and enhancement of the OSCE agreements By Anton Martynyuk, CSBM Officer.

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Presentation on theme: "Forum for Security Co-operation General mechanisms for the implementation, evaluation and enhancement of the OSCE agreements By Anton Martynyuk, CSBM Officer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forum for Security Co-operation General mechanisms for the implementation, evaluation and enhancement of the OSCE agreements By Anton Martynyuk, CSBM Officer of the CPC

2 Content - Institutional evolution of the OSCE first dimension - OSCEs preventive diplomacy and conflict prevention function - FSC work - CPC support to FSC

3 Three baskets of the Helsinki Final Act (1975) I. Politico-military aspects of security: Military confidence-building measures II. Economics/science & technology/environment III. Humanitarian & other fields

4 1st Basket of Helsinki Final Act Politico-military aspects of security: principles guiding relations between participating States and military confidence- building measures (CSBM) CSBMs to contribute to reducing the dangers of armed conflict and of misunderstanding or miscalculation of military activities which could give rise to apprehension, particularly in a situation where States lack clear and timely information

5 1 st Dimension in OSCE structure Conflict Prevention Centre (CPC) established, Paris Summit 1990 Forum for Security Co-operation (FSC) created, Helsinki Summit 1992 CSCE Secretariat with the CPC established, Rome Ministerial Council 1993 FSC Support Unit within the CPC in 1995/Section since 2007

6 FSC Mandate Tasks and objectives New negotiations on arms control and CSBMs Regular consultations on European security issues Risk reduction, strengthening stability and confidence Implementation of agreements Programme of Immediate Action Harmonization of arms control commitments Global exchange of military information Non-proliferation Regional measures

7 Forum for Security Co-operation Mandate Helsinki 1992 Programme for Immediate Action Budapest 1994 Lisbon 1996 Maastricht 2003: OSCE Strategy to Address Threats to Security and Stability in the Twenty First Century. Over 500 Meetings held since 1992

8 OSCE Negotiating & Decision-Making Bodies ¸ Activities Summits Ministerial Council Permanent Council Chairman-in-Office Missions · Operational structures & Institutions HCNM ODIHR RFOM OSCE PA Secretariat Forum for Security Co-operation Conflict Prevention Centre/FSC Support Section

9 Addressing the conflict cycle OSCE permanent structures and field operations: the OSCEs primary tools for handling conflicts Early warning Conflict prevention Conflict prevention Crisis management Post-conflict rehabilitation

10 Current field activities: regions of operations South-Eastern Europe South-Eastern Europe Eastern Europe Eastern Europe Caucasus Central Asia

11 Field Operations: The OSCEs Front Line The role of the Field Operations: - Helping host States fulfill their OSCE commitments - Early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, post-conflict rehabilitation - Facilitating reforms and political processes, including those in support of conflict prevention - Keeping the OSCE community informed about developments

12 CPC: Constant Support The role of the CPC: -Direct support to all OSCE field operations -Liaison function between OSCE field operations Permanent Council and FSC -Coordination within OSCE and with other IOs -Cross-cutting activities and projects

13 FSC Rules and Procedures Chairmanship (weekly, monthly, trimester) FSC Troika Rules and procedures Weekly meetings Working bodies Annual Implementation Assessment Meeting Co-ordination with the Permanent Council Conferences, seminars, workshops

14 Forum for Security Co-operation FSC Chairmanship Rotates every 4 months According to OSCE sequence Chairs FSC Plenaries, WGs A and B and Troika meetings Troika Meetings Held before each FSC Includes outgoing, current and incoming FSC Chair Joint PC-FSC Meetings Usually held 3 times a year Chaired jointly by CiO and FSC Chair Joint PC-FSC Troika Cross-dimensional issues

15 FSC Structure FSC Plenary Working Group A Implementation issues Working Group B New Measures Communication Group CPC, FSC Support Section FSC Troika

16 Annual major events Annual Implementation Assessment Meeting (AIAM) Global Exchange of Military Information (GEMI) Automated Data Workshop Annual Security Review Conference (ASRC) Annual Exchange of Military Information (AEMI) Automated Data Workshop

17 CPC Facilitation and Monitoring of Exchanges of Military Information Annual CPC Implementation Calendar Announcing and reminding mechanism CPC Monthly Reports and Quarterly Surveys on exchanged CSBM information Ad hoc Surveys on specific implementation issues

18 CPC: SUPPORT TO FSC ASSIST AND SUPPORT FSC PLENARY, WORKING GROUPS, AND TROIKA FACILITATE, MONITOR, OVERVIEW AND REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF: --VIENNA DOCUMENT CODE OF CONDUCT ON POLITICO-MILITARY ASPECTS OF SECURITY -- SMALL ARMS LIGHT WEAPONS DOCUMENT -- OTHER AGREED CSBM ORGANIZE -- ANNUAL EXCHANGES OF MILITARY INFORMATION -- ANNUAL IMPLEMENTATION ASSESSMENT MEETINGS -- SEMINARS/WORKSHOPS

19 CPC: SUPPORT TO FSC MANAGE OSCE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK -- CHAIR COMMUNICATIONS GROUP -- DISTRIBUTE CFE/OPEN SKIES/VD 99 NOTIFICATIONS SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION OF MC/PC/FSC DECISIONS -- ANTI-TERRORISM MEASURES -- INCREASED COORDINATION WITH PERMANENT COUNCIL -- PROJECTS ON SALW AND AMMUNITION SECURITY / DESTRUCTION

20 OSCE Assistance Activities Control on Cross-Border trafficking SALW and conventional ammunition destruction SALW and Conventional Ammunition stockpile management and security SALW Collection Programmes

21 OSCE Assistance Projects FSC Coordinators on SALW and Conventional Ammunition Projects Groups of Friends (Geographic or thematic) Briefings by OSCE Field Operations Synopsis of projects

22 OSCE Assistance Projects on SALW and Conventional Ammunition - Film FSC Support Section Conflict Prevention Centre OSCE Secretariat Wallner Strasse 6-A A-1010 Vienna


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