Presentation on theme: "Laparoscopic/Minimally Invasive Surgery CPT Codes."— Presentation transcript:
Laparoscopic/Minimally Invasive Surgery CPT Codes
There is a change in the coding process and an addition of a new variable for operations involving minimally invasive approaches for which there are no defined CPT codes such as Laparoscopy Thoracoscopy Endoscopy Robotic Hybrid ETC.
Rationale: This change is being made because coding of procedures using minimally invasive techniques is variable. Specifically, unlisted laparoscopic, thoracoscopic, endoscopic, robotic, hybrid, etc. codes (hereafter referred to asMinimally Invasive Surgery Codes or MIS Codes) do not allow for comparison with equivalent procedures performed using an open approach.
New process: CPT Code Variable: For all operations that involve minimally invasive approaches for which there are no specific MIS CPT codes, Determine what procedure was performed from the operative note Enter the equivalent open CPT code into the Enter Code field If the CPT code is specific for the minimally invasive approach, leave the code as is.
New Process Determine what procedure was performed from the operative note
New Process Enter the equivalent open CPT code into the Enter Code field. There is a sheet provided with all of relevant nonspecific codes and their relevant corresponding codes of interest..
New Process If the CPT code is specific for the minimally invasive approach Leave the code as is.
Laparoscopic Pyloromyotomy Laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, coded as Unlisted laparoscopic procedure, stomach CPT code Enter the open CPT code: Pyloromyotomy, cutting of pyloric muscle (Freder-Ramstedt type operation).
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, coded as Laparoscopy, surgical; cholecystectomy, CPT code Enter laparoscopic-specific code:
NEXT……. Under the New text field in the workstation, Laparoscopic/MIS Code Record the Original CPT code: [XXXXX].
Laparoscopic/MIS Code For the example of the Pyloromyotomy, cutting of pyloric muscle /Freder-Ramstedt type operation. (CPT code: 43520), that was originally coded as Unlisted laparoscopic procedure, stomach (CPT code 43659) 43659; Would be recorded in this New field, of Laparoscopic/MIS Code
Laparoscopic/MIS Variable For all operations, choose the approach used to perform the operation from the drop-down menu: Laparoscopic/MIS Only Laparoscopic/MIS and Open Open Only or N/A
Laparoscopic/MIS Only Procedure was performed with a laparoscopic or other MIS approach alone Include procedures that were changed to an open CPT code (using the coding change described previously), and were performed entirely with a laparoscopic/or other MIS approach
Laparoscopic/MIS and Open All procedures that were performed using both Laparoscopic/MIS AND open approaches together. Laparoscopic/MIS-assisted procedures Laparoscopic/MIS procedures converted to open, regardless of reason
Open Only or N/A All procedures performed entirely using an open approach All procedures for which MIS techniques are not applicable (e.g. extremity tumor resection)
Additional Guidance A diagnostic laparoscopy (CPT 49320) or laparotomy (CPT 49000) should be entered as the principal operative procedure only when no other procedure eligible for assessment has been performed in that particular surgical case. If a diagnostic laparoscopy was performed as part of an open procedure that is not on the CPT code inclusion list (e.g. laparoscopic inguinal exploration for hernia), then do not collect this case.
Case Selection: The next case up for review is a laparoscopic plyoroplasty with a CPT code This is Not a code included in Appendix B but the surgical procedure is included when listed with an open procedure code of To allow for comparison with equivalent procedures performed using a MIS approach, we will use the following method.
Apply the inclusion/exclusion criteria from Chapter 2 to determine if the case should be excluded. Unlisted CPT codes will need to be included in the CPT inclusion list (which will be provided for you) EXCLUDE: Patients over the age of 18 Trauma cases Case limited CPT codes in appendix D (over 5) Patient abstracted case in NSQIP within last 30 days Return to the Operating Room as the principal operative procedure, if it is related to a complication or occurrence from another procedure within 30days or within the same admission
Procedure Name Open CPT code Description MIS CPT code Description Gastrotomy; foreign body removal GASTROTOMY; WITH EXPLORATION OR FOREIGN BODY REMOVAL UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Pyloromyotomy PYLOROMYOTOMY, CUTTING OF PYLORIC MUSCLE (FREDET-RAMSTEDT TYPE OPERATION) UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Stomach biopsy BIOPSY OF STOMACH; BY LAPAROTOMY UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Excision - ulcer, benign tumor of stomach EXCISION, LOCAL; ULCER OR BENIGN TUMOR OF STOMACH UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Excision - malignant tumor of stomach EXCISION, LOCAL; MALIGNANT TUMOR OF STOMACH UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Pyloroplasty 43800PYLOROPLASTY43659 UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Gastrorrhaphy GASTRORRHAPHY, SUTURE OF PERFORATED DUODENAL OR GASTRIC ULCER, WOUND, OR INJURY UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Gastrostomy closure CLOSURE OF GASTROSTOMY, SURGICAL UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH Gastrocolic fistula closure CLOSURE OF GASTROCOLIC FISTULA UNLISTED LAPAROSCOPY PROCEDURE, STOMACH
If CPT code is an unlisted laparoscopic/other MIS procedure, determine what procedure was performed from the operative note. If the CPT code for the same operation performed as an open procedure is included in the CPT list, change the CPT code from the unlisted MIS code to the corresponding open CPT code. If there is no CPT code for the procedure performed using an open approach, or the corresponding open procedure is not on the list of NSQIP-Pediatric CPT codes, then do not include patient in NSQIP-Pediatric database. The case is ineligible.
This case of the laparoscopic pyloroplasty meets all the inclusion criteria and is next for review using the systematic sampling process. It has a CPT code of and it has an included open procedure coded as found on the list of included MIS procedures. In the CPT Code field: Record CPT code In the Laparoscopic/MIS Code field: Record CPT code 43659
Laparoscopic/MIS variable If the CPT code is open (or has been changed to the open code), determine if the procedure was performed using a laparoscopic/MIS approach from the operative note. If the entire procedure was performed using a laparoscopic/MIS approach, select Laparoscopic/MIS Only. If both laparoscopic/MIS and open approaches were used, select Laparoscopic/MIS and Open. If the entire procedure was performed using an open approach, select Open Only or N/A.
This change will allow for comparison with equivalent procedures preformed using open and MIS approaches.