Baseline Emissions Inventory Local Climate Action Plans Cool City Solutions Best Practices
Creating a GHG Inventory and Baseline ICLEI membership software In-house Local University Private Firm
Inventory Design Identify Emissions that should be included Decide on level of aggregation Decide desired organization of data Assemble team for data collection Develop process that will clearly document data collection
GHG Inventory Expectations Transparent, Complete, Comparable Analyze and forecast emissions and growth Identifies necessary reductions to meet targets Analysis of potential reduction measures
ICLEI The International Council on Local Environmental Initiatives Cities for Climate Protection program has over 350 local government members. New Sierra Club Partnership to Train Activists on ICLEI Emissions Software
Local Climate Action Committee Government staffer/environmental manager Faith, Labor, Diversity, Youth, Academic, Business Local Foundation Director Transportation, Utility, Planning, Architecture Chamber of Commerce Representative Water/Air Quality Representative Local Legislator/ Elected Official
Climate Action Plans Provide GHG emissions baseline and forecast Set emissions reduction targets and timelines Formulate solutions and policies to reduce emissions Implement solutions and policies Monitor emission reductions and verify results
Perspectives on Climate Action Plans Unique challenges and solutions Different organizational plans Scalable Solutions Existing Solutions and Policies Peer to Peer Learning
Implementation strategies Costs, responsibilities, schedules, and funding sources for each solution Procedure for monitoring the progress of each solution
Getting Started Current Actions Assessment Solution categories: –Energy Efficiency –Renewable Energy –Transportation and Land Use –Waste Reduction Create work groups
Energy Efficiency Best Practices LED Traffic Signals Philadelphia, PA Installed red LEDs in all 2,900 intersections. The new signals used 83% less energy and required 6 times less maintenance than incandescent lights. Savings for more than $800,000 annually and have simple payback of 4 years. Urban Heat Island Reduction and Rain water capture: Green Roofs or Lightening rooftops Chicago, IL The rooftop garden mitigates the urban heat island effect by replacing what was a black tar roof with green plants. The garden absorbs less heat from the sun than the tar roof, keeping City Hall cooler in summer and requiring less energy for air conditioning. The garden also absorbs and uses rain water. It can retain 75% of a 1 inch rainfall before there is stormwater runoff into the sewers.
Energy Efficiency Best Practices Green Building: LEED Ordinance Kansas City, MO Requires green building design and construction to the LEED Silve standard for new City buildings and renovations greater than 5,000 sq. ft. Los Angeles, CA Green Building Incentive Program, financial incentive of point system to earn money on per sq. ft. basis for buildings that are LEED-certified. No cap per project, so a 1 million sq ft facility could earn $600,000 from LADWP once certified. Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs in Residences and Municipal Buildings Fort Collins, CO Installed 26-watt Energy Star compact fluorescents in place of 75-watt incandescent bulbs. Annual savings of $12,000.
Renewable Energy Best Practices Renewable outdoor lighting Medford, MA Installed photovoltaic light arches in city parks Rebate programs for water heaters and energy efficient appliances Natick, MA 150 gallon solar water heating system on a house resulted in 1.5 tons of CO2 reduction. Cut water heating expenses by 40-60%.
Renewable Energy Best Practices District Energy with renewable resources Saint Paul, MN Combined heat and power plant uses clean wood waste fuel. The plant generates 25 megawatts of electricity per year. Heat/Cool twice the building area as on site systems; serves 80 percent of downtown building space. Renewable energy: Methane Recapture and Use Los Angles, CA LADWPs wastewater treatment plant sends methane gas produced during the digester process to generating station to produce 80% of the facilitys electricity needs. City goal of generating 20% of electricity from renewable sources by 2010 and 35% by 2030.
Transportation Best Practices Commercial Parking Tax or Fee Structure around City Seattle, WA More expensive parking encourages people to use other modes of transportation. Taxes will be implemented in three phases, 5% in July of 07, 7.5% in July of 08, and 10% in July of 09. Synchronize traffic signals - Traffic Calming Programs Cambridge, MA Curb extensions, raised crosswalks, raised intersections and zebra crosswalk marking reducing average speed from 30 to21 mph. After project 95% of vehicles were going at or below the 25mph speed limit. Reduces fuel consumption and traffic congestion.
Transportation Best Practices Use alternative fuels in municipal fleet Keene, NH All 77 vehicles in the city PWD are running on biodiesel fuel at the Departments pump. Prevented an estimated 12 tons of CO2 emissions since 2002. http://www.ci.keene.nh.us/planning/climateLAPSummary.htm Increase bike trails throughout city Minneapolis, MN Developed over 81 miles of on and off street bikeways in City. Partnership with a variety of organizations to promote bike riding by providing racks, storage, transport.
Land Use Best Practices Preserve or create more open space Los Angeles, CA: In 2007 will open 14 new parks. Revitalize the LA river to create open space along the 32 mile corridor in the city. Develop Brownfield Sites Minneapolis, MN One of the first cities in the nation to reclaim abandoned Brownfield sites. The city works with the EPA and Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to monitor and clean up these sites that the Park and Recreation Board uses to create parks and open spaces. Increase shade trees, vegetation, and urban forests California Energy Commission estimates that on average a mature tree will sequester approximately 115lbs of CO2 from the air each year. Tucson, Arizona Found that for every $1.00 spend on maintaining a tree, $2.62 worth of benefits are returned in energy savings, air particulate reduction and rain run-off control. Kansas City, MO Street tree ordinance requiring shade trees at the street in all new development. Tree preservation and replacement requirements. Prioritization of native plantings for City property and new development.
Land Use Best Practices Transit Oriented Development: Sacramento, CA Developed 20 - 25 year plan for mixed use, transit oriented development with goals to increase and improve pedestrian and cyclists circulation and increase public access to mass transit. In 2003 the residentially focused, transit oriented model predicted households would drive 2000 miles less per year compared to existing zoning and use scenarios. Increase shade trees, vegetation, and urban forests K ansas City, MO Street tree ordinance requiring shade trees at the street in all new development. Tree preservation and replacement requirements. Prioritization of native plantings for City property and new development.
Waste Reduction Best Practices Waste to Energy San Diego, CA Eight digester use heat and bacteria to break down the organic solids in wastewater. The methane produced powers two continuously running generators that can produce up to 2.25 megawatts of electricity. Increase methane capture at local landfills Montgomery County, Maryland Installed a gas collection system on local landfill. To date ratepayers have saved millions in capital costs. 20,000 megawatt hours per year are generated, powering around 2,700 homes
Waste Reduction Best Practices Pay As You Throw Solid Waste Disposal Battleboro, VT Communities with PAYT programs have reported significant increases in recycling and reductions in waste. PAYT is an effective tool for coping with soaring municipal waste management expenses. Inherently fair because of variable-rate. Recycling of debris from construction and demolition Minneapolis, MN ReUse Center salvages and resells building materials from structures being dismantled. Run by nonprofit, provides jobs, and saves landfill space.