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20012002200320042005 Year 0 10 20 30 40 50 Millions Number of people living with HIV Estimated number of people living with HIV, 2001–2005 AIDS epidemic.

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Presentation on theme: "20012002200320042005 Year 0 10 20 30 40 50 Millions Number of people living with HIV Estimated number of people living with HIV, 2001–2005 AIDS epidemic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Year Millions Number of people living with HIV Estimated number of people living with HIV, 2001–2005 AIDS epidemic update, December Fig Year

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3 HIV prevalence among 15–24 year-old men and women, selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, 2001–2005 Sources: Demographic and Health Surveys. ORC Macro (Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, United Republic of Tanzania, Cameroon, Lesotho, Kenya, Zambia); Department of Health, Uganda HIV/AIDS sero-behavioural survey 2004/2005 (Uganda); Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council, National AIDS Council, and CDC, The Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (Zimbabwe); Pettifor AE, et al. HIV and sexual behaviour among young South African: a national survey of year olds (South Africa) Ghana 2003 Burkina Faso 2003 Mali 2001 Tanzania 2003 Cameroon 2004 Uganda 2004/05 Kenya 2003 Zambia 2002 South Africa 2002 Lesotho 2004 Zimbabwe 2001/02 % HIV prevalence AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 3 WomenMen

4 Percentage of young people aged 15–24 years who correctly identified major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV*, % Source: Demographic and Health Surveys. ORC Macro (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique and Nigeria); Tanzania HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey , TACAIDS, NBS, and ORC Macro (UR Tanzania). *Using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner, who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy looking person can transmit HIV. Burkina FasoCameroonGhanaKenyaMadagascarMozambiqueNigeriaUR Tanzania AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 4 FemaleMale

5 Sources : Ministry of Health (Mozambique); Department of Health (South Africa); Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (Zimbabwe); Ministry of Health (Kenya); Ministry of Health (United Republic of Tanzania); Ghana Health Service (Ghana); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - GAP - Côte d'Ivoire (Côte d'Ivoire); Conseil National de Lutte Contre le SIDA (Senegal); Adapted from Asamoah-Odei, et al. HIV prevalence and trends in sub-Saharan Africa: no decline and large subregional differences. Lancet, 2004 (Botswana, Ethiopia, Uganda and Nigeria). HIV prevalence in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in sub-Saharan Africa, 1997/98–2004 West Africa Ghana Senegal Cote d'Ivoire Nigeria Southern Africa Zimbabwe Mozambique South Africa* UR Tanzania Eastern Africa Ethiopia Uganda Kenya *data by province AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 5 Botswana

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7 Distribution of male and female deaths by age group in South Africa, 1997 and 2002 Source: Statistics South Africa, 2005 Age group 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 0 – 45 – 9 10 – – 1920 – 2425 – 2930 – 3536 – 3940 – 4445 – 4950 – 5455 – 5960 – 6465 – 6970 – – 7980 – 8585 – No. of deaths* *all causes 1997 Male1997 Female 2002 Male2002 Female AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 7

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9 Data from select antenatal clinic sentinel surveillance sites with a declining trend in HIV prevalence, Kenya 1997– Year % HIV prevalence Source: Ministry of Health - National AIDS/STD Control Programme (NASCOP), HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 BusiaKitui NairobiThika MeruNyeri Garissa AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 9

10 Modes of transmission for HIV among HIV/AIDS cases, China (2003 estimates) Injecting drug users 43.9% Heterosexual transmission 19.8% Men having sex with men 11.1% Mother-to-child transmission 19.8% Blood and blood products 0.6% Former commercial blood and plasma donation 24.1% Source: State Council AIDS Working Committee & UN Theme Group (2004) AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 10

11 Projected impact* of injecting drug use on number of HIV infections in Jakarta, Indonesia Cumulative number of HIV infections Source: MAP Report Drug Injection and HIV/AIDS in Asia Sexual infections resulting from a chain of infection originating with IDU HIV infections if nothing changes HIV infections in IDUs if nothing changes HIV infections if there were no IDU epidemic 110,000 36,000 2, * assuming no interventions AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 11

12 Percentage of street-based sex workers who inject drugs, who have sex with injectors, and percentage of male injectors who report buying sex, three cities, Viet Nam 2000 Source: MAP Reportt Sex work and HIV/AIDS in Asia Hanoi Haiphong Ho Chi Minh City Percent Sex worker injects drugs herself Sex worker reports sex with male drug injector Male injector reports buying sex from sex worker AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 12

13 Percentage of male injecting drug users who buy sex – report of consistent condom use during commercial sex, various cities * Sichuan : condom use at last commercial sex ** Bangkok : includes non-injecting drug users Source: MAP Report Sex work and HIV/AIDS in Asia. Unprotected commercial sexBought sex with a condom Central Bangladesh Sichuan, China* Delhi, India Surabaya, Indonesia Katmandhu Valley, Nepal Bangkok, Thailand** Hanoi, Vietnam Percent AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 13

14 HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics, Thailand 1990–2004 Source: Thailand Ministry of Public Health, Department of Disease Control, Bureau of Epidemiology Year % HIV prevalence Bangkok Central North Northeast South AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 14

15 Source: Department of Health, AIDS Prevention and Control Project Year % HIV Prevalence ANCBlood donorsMilitary recruits HIV prevalence among sentinel surveillance groups, Myanmar 1992–2003 AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 15

16 Number of registered HIV cases Year Newly registered HIV cases Children born to HIV-positive mothers Annual number of newly registered HIV cases and children born HIV-seropositive, Ukraine 1987–2004 Source: Ukrainian AIDS Centre AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 16

17 HIV prevalence at consistent selected antenatal clinic surveillance sites, Haiti 1993–2004 Source: Ministére de la Santé Publique et de la Population, Analyse secondaire des études de sero surveillance par méthode sentinelle de la prévalence du VIH chez les femmes enceintes en Haϊti entre 1993 et Year % HIV prevalence All womenUrban women Semi-urban, rural women AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 17

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19 Comparison of AIDS-related hospitalizations to number of patients on ARV therapy, Brazil 1998–2004 Source: DATASUS, SIH; National STD/AIDS Program Hospitalization rate per year per patient on ARV therapy Number of AIDS hospitalization and number of patients on ARV therapy 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80, , , , , , % 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Hospitalized HIV patients Patients on ARV therapy Rate of hospitalization of patients on ARV treatment Year AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 19

20 Note: adjusted for reporting delays Estimated number of annual AIDS cases, annual AIDS deaths, and persons living with AIDS, United States of America 1985– Year of diagnosis or death Number of AIDS cases and deaths (in thousands) Number of persons living with AIDS (in thousands) AIDS cases AIDS deaths Persons living with AIDS Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention AIDS epidemic update, December Fig 20


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