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Delivery of EC Assistance in field of Trade Facilitation

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1 Delivery of EC Assistance in field of Trade Facilitation
Press briefing Delivery of EC Assistance in field of Trade Facilitation Michaela Dodini, EC 1 July 2009 EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

2 Policy Context for EC Aid
Press briefing Policy Context for EC Aid 2000 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Fixing objectives for poverty reduction for 2015 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness 50 donors and 60 partner countries Ownership, Alignment, Harmonisation, Mutual Accountability, Results Oriented Framework 12 progress indicators 2005 European Consensus on Development EU development policy Applicable to both EC and EU Member States Paris Decl Principles Ownership: partner countries exercise effective leadership and coordinate development actions Alignment: donors base support on partner strategies, institutions and procedures Harmonisation: donors actions are harmonised, transparent, and effective Managing for results: improved resource management and decision making Mutual accountability: mutual assessment of progress Examples of indicators: Ownership – at least 75% of partner countries have operational development strategies Alignment – all donors use partner countries procurement systems and PFM systems, reduce by two thirds the stock of parallel PIUS Harmonisation – 40% of donors missions to the field are joint, 66% of country analytical work is joint EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

3 Press briefing Programming of EC Aid Work together with more than 150 countries/ regions Multi-annual planning in countries/regions ( CSP/NIP, RSP/RIP*) In principle not more than 2 focal sectors per country ……… Priorities in accordance with national strategic development objectives (PRSPs/NDPs) *Country/Regional Strategy Papers and National/Regional Indicative Programmes CSP/MIP: The European Commission negotiates multi-annual framework documents with each partner country defining the priorities for allocation of aid resources and the sectors of concentration. These documents are known as Country Strategy Papers (CSP) comprising multi-annual indicative programmes and are the key vehicles for translating EU policy into concrete assistance programmes. Priorities are set in according with countries own national development objectives. Regional: On a regional level, the Commission prepares Regional Strategy Papers (RSP) with the goal of supporting regional and co-operation integration initiatives thus ensuring that trade-related assistance is integrated in the wider development strategy of the region. Multilateral: e.g. through the Enhanced Integrated Framework (IF), a joint undertaking of various donors and six international agencies (WTO, World Bank, IMF, UNCTAD, UNDP and ITC) to mainstream trade in the development strategies of Least Developed Countries. Mainstreaming is done on the basis of Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies, resulting in the identification of TRA needs. The EC actively contributed to the process of enhancement of the IF. The EC is currently donor Facilitator in 13 countries (with EU Member States in another 10). The EC has pledged € 10 million to this Fund. The EC is also contributing to the Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund, which is the funding source for WTO Technical Assistance. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

4 EU Aid for Trade Strategy Oct 2007
Press briefing EU Aid for Trade Strategy Oct 2007 Support to DC integration in the world trading system as part of poverty reduction efforts Support greater competitiveness and efficiency of the production systems Support for regional economic integration AfT Strategy focuses on more resources and better impact on development objectives EU commitments to increase TRA translated into reality: EC TRA €1 bn in 2007, AfT €2,4 bn (EC+EU MS overall TRA €1.9bn/AfT €7.12bn) Follow up to the recommendations of the WTO AfT Task Force of summer 2006 EU collectively to reach € 2 billion in annual TRA in 2010 (€ 1 bn from the EC, € 1 billion from the EU MS) EC average 2001 – 2004: € 890 million); EU MS collectively to do the same (average : € 360 million) Commitment refers to Trade Related Assistance: 1) Trade policy and regulation; 2) Trade development (Categories in WTO/OECD Doha Database) EU (EC and MS) TRA in 2006 (Doha Database): EC: € 940 million EU MS: € 640 million EU total: € billion EU (EC and MS) total AfT in 2006 (OECD CRS selection – proxy) EC: € billion EU MS: € billion EU total: € billion EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

5 EC support to Trade Facilitation - Key objectives
Press briefing EC support to Trade Facilitation - Key objectives Trade facilitation activities to enhance DCs' trade competitiveness, and support the establishment of fully functioning free trade areas and customs unions: simplification and harmonisation of national customs procedures and systems, reduce time of customs clearance and facilitate the transit of the goods (notably through the computerization of customs systems) development of customs related infrastructures (creation of one stop border posts for bordering countries). EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

6 EC support to Trade Facilitation – Key Principles
Press briefing Press briefing EC support to Trade Facilitation – Key Principles Demand driven: Regional integration processes give a strong impetus to trade facilitation Local ownership: need high level political will and solid implementation structures. Trade facilitation, e.g. customs reforms - a sensitive political issue, may encounter strong resistance to change Thorough needs assessment diagnostic/gap analysis carried out using e-g.TAXUD customs blueprint approach Institutional sustainability – local/regional: short & long term support Co-ordination: coherence with activities of other donors, reduce administrative burden Preparation takes time! EuropeAid, Koos Richelle EuropeAid, Koos Richelle 6

7 How can we support implementation of new Trade Facilitation Agreement
Press briefing How can we support implementation of new Trade Facilitation Agreement Possible to incorporate appropriate activities into ongoing EC TRA projects in a country if so requested by relevant local authorities (TF needs to be high in their priorities) Future programmes: TF needs assessments/ implementation plans can be taken into account in the design of new EC interventions in the field of TRA / trade facilitation, if considered a priority by beneficiaries (focal areas) EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

8 Contacts to be made with EC Delegations in DCs (bottom up)
Press briefing How can we support implementation of new Trade Facilitation Agreement (contd) Contacts to be made with EC Delegations in DCs (bottom up) Essential to have effective communication and decision making channels within beneficiaries (Geneva-based negotiators, capital-based responsible for TF implementation, managers of aid programmes and of relations with donors) EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

9 Overview of TF programmes

10 Trade Facilitation in practice:
Press briefing Trade Facilitation in practice: Identification of needs in the Caribbean EPA signed in 2008 (Chapter 4 on Customs and TF) Regional Preparatory Task Force – CARIFORUM/EU Launch of studies for implementation of the EPA, incl a Study on Customs and Trade Facilitation to assess level of conformity of Customs Adm, identify capacity constrains Methodology: surveys to Customs, Gov. Admin and Private Sector, field visits 19 programmes identified, based on needs, existing support, national/regional processes Implementation based on Regional integration roadmap EuropeAid to assess level of conformity of Customs Adm, identify capacity constrains EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

11 Tools for identification of needs: EU Customs Blueprints
Press briefing Tools for identification of needs: EU Customs Blueprints 4 Areas General management issues- related to administration/organisation of an organisation Cooperation/Communication mainly related to external partners Customs specific Customs specific operational/technical areas Supporting- relating to Customs Infrastructure Developed jointly by EU, Member States and Candidate countries guidelines to build up a modern customs administration and the necessary operational capacity (= 22) key areas identified General management issues- related to administration/organisation of an organisation Legislation Organisation and management Human resource management Customs ethics Internal audit (new key area) Training Cooperation/Communication- mainly related to external partners Trade facilitation and relation with business Public relations and communication (new key area) Customs cooperation (new key area= Customs specific- operational/technical areas: Revenue collection (only for CCs) Risk management (new key area) Common agricultural policy: export controls (new key area, only for CCs ) Border and Inland control Transit and movement of goods Customs valuation (new key area) Post-clearance control and audit (new key area) Investigation and enforcement Customs Enforcement on Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) (new key area) Supply chain security (new key area) 4. Supporting- relating to Customs Infrastructure Infrastructure and equipment Customs laboratory Information and communication technology GAP ANALYSIS Compare own situation with the one described in the relevant blueprint For each individual key indicator a) description of the current situation b) identified gaps should address: - technical shortfalls - behavioural shortfalls Needs Analysis Based on the outcome of the gap analysis; To determine what needs to be done to bring performance in each customs key area up to the recommended best practice described; Solutions to close the gap and meet the need objective are identified; The final outcome is a kind activity list. Action Plan Gap Analysis Needs Analysis EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

12 Tools for identification of needs: Integrating existing assessments
Press briefing Tools for identification of needs: Integrating existing assessments Ensure inclusion of findings from existing studies for actions which are considered a priority by local authorities - Trade Facilitation Needs Assessment for TF Agreement - Diagnostic Trade integration Studies - WCO Columbus Programme - Other studies at national/regional level is taken into account in the design of new EC interventions in the field of TRA / trade facilitation with appropriate activities identified if considered a priority by local authorities EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

13 EC Trade Facilitation – overview per region Africa, Caribbean, Pacific
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – overview per region Africa, Caribbean, Pacific Focus mainly at regional level Several comprehensive programmes with particular emphasis on developing Customs Unions eg. regional integration support programmes for CEMAC and for West Africa, harmonisation of customs for COMESA etc. Projects funded under 9th and 10th EDF Assistance under 10th EDF is be based on results / evaluations of ongoing programmes. Support EPA implementation. Identification/design 2009/2010. TF projects portfolio: € 380 million TF for EPA implementation Harmonization & simplification of customs procedures, including transit aspects: all regions except the Pacific Customs processing systems inter-connexion (ASYCUDA/UNCTAD): Central Africa: FASTRAC (€ 12.5 million); SADC : Customs modernization programme (€ 18 million); COMESA (ICT programme) One stop border posts: West Africa (PARI II) Training: all regions Regional networking (Customs liaison committees) and exchanges of experience/coordination between Regional Organisations (ESA, SADC and SACU regions) Compensation mechanism for the implementation of the Customs Union (CET): West Africa (9th EDF ECOWAS €19.4m, UEMOA €11m within programmes supporting Regional Integration) COMESA (Regional Integration Budget Support programme : € 7m EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

14 Trade Facilitation for EPA implementation
Press briefing Trade Facilitation for EPA implementation Harmonization & simplification of customs procedures, including transit aspects: all regions except the Pacific Customs processing systems inter-connexion (ASYCUDA/UNCTAD): Central Africa: FASTRAC (€ 12.5 million); SADC : Customs modernization programme (€ 18 million); COMESA (ICT programme) One stop border posts: West Africa (PARI II) Training: all regions Regional networking (Customs liaison committees) and exchanges of experience/coordination between Regional Organisations (ESA, SADC and SACU regions) Compensation mechanism for the implementation of the Customs Union (CET): West Africa (9th EDF ECOWAS €19.4m, UEMOA €11m within programmes supporting Regional Integration) COMESA (Regional Integration Budget Support programme : € 7m EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

15 EC Trade Facilitation – SADC
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – SADC SADC Customs Modernisation Programme (€ 18m 9th EDF RIP) To assist SADC Member States in the transformation and modernisation of their customs systems ( including improved transit flows) and to set the legal and institutional framework for the establishment of a SADC Customs Union by 2010. Demand oriented assistance to SADC. Results covering core area of cooperation for SADC CU to function effectively The project has been designed to assist SADC Member State countries in the transformation and modernisation of their customs systems and to set the legal and institutional framework for the establishment of a SADC Customs Union. The project therefore provides demand oriented assistance to SADC. The overall objectives are the economic integration of SADC Member States into the world economy and to increase economic growth and hence contribute to reducing poverty in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The project purpose is to support and achieve closer regional integration and harmonisation of Customs legislation and procedures, including improved transit flows, and to prepare for the smooth transition to the proposed SADC Customs Union by The project endeavours to achieve seven results: 1. To put in place the legal and institutional framework necessary for the SADC Customs Union. 2. To prepare and have adopted a Common External Tariff for the SADC region. 3. To establish a wide area network with system connectivity between the different Customs systems used and set up a regional IT support centre in the SADC Secretariat. 4. Develop a region-wide SADC Customs training network. 5. The establishment and implementation of an efficient regional transit management system. 6. The implementation of a framework for cooperative and collaborative mechanisms at the regional and national levels in place and functioning. 7. The development of regional and national strategies for Customs modernisation, leading to specific interventions being implemented at the national and regional level where common procedures and systems are appropriate. The project provides: both long- and short-term technical assistance; organises regional and national workshops, seminars and conferences; carry out training activities; provides for the rotational secondment of Customs and Finance/Trade Ministry staff from SADC Member States to the Secretariat during the period of the project, finances publications and information products associated with the establishment of the SADC Customs Union; supports the inter-connexion of SADC Customs Administrations, covers the operational expenses for technical assistance in the implementation of their respective assignments. STATUS SADC: they should be working on AFT strategy in 2009. Another challenge that is not mentioned is the tripartite partnership (IRCC and Comesa) and the programme such as the North South corridor (regional integration for these different regional configurations) In case you are asked: almost nothing has been done for a regional fund but a preliminary regional fund is foreseen in the planned Project Preparation and Development Facility (PPDF) which should, if it ever exists, support the preparation of infrastructure projects. It is quite vague thus. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

16 EC Trade Facilitation – Central Africa
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – Central Africa CEMAC Trade facilitation programme (FASTRAC) € 12.5 million designed to assist CEMAC Member States and Sao Tomé and Principe to improve transit flows in the region through proper application of the Transit legislation. Upgrading of priority one stop border posts Inter connexion of CEMAC customs administration (UNCTAD) Implementing a proper functioning transit system Harmonisation and simplification of transport related legislation Le programme vise à atteindre trois résultats, à savoir: R1 La réduction des obstacles physiques et non physiques au passage des frontières ; R2 L’harmonisation des politiques nationales et l’application de la législation communautaire dans le domaine du transport ; R3 La mise en oeuvre opérationnelle du TIPAC et le renforcement des capacités des acteurs intervenants dans le transit en Afrique centrale. Afin d'obtenir les résultats escomptés, les axes d'intervention suivants ont été retenus: La levée des obstacles physiques et non physiques au passage des frontières ; Cette première composante comprend la réhabilitation des postes de frontière nationaux juxtaposées à Garoua Boulai (frontière Cameroun – République Centrafricaine) et Touboro (frontière Cameroun – Tchad) et leur équipement. Les conditions géographiques permettront la mise en oeuvre d’un poste frontière juxtaposé avec des bureaux exactement à cheval sur la frontière à Beloko / Garoua-Boulaï (Cameroun / RCA). A la frontière Touboro-Mbéré (Cameroun / Tchad), l’étude sur les postes frontières proposera des aménagements nécessaires à la mise en oeuvre de ceux-ci (y compris, le cas échéant, un accord d’extraterritorialité). L’équipement des postes frontières comprend principalement les systèmes de pesage (pèse essieu ou balance) ainsi qu’un système de communication avec les administrations nationales concernées. Une étude, prise en charge sur la Facilité Technique de Coopération Régionale, est en cours et permettra d’établir les dossiers d’appel d’offre pour les marchés de travaux et de fourniture nécessaires . Cette disposition frontalière permettra de diminuer les délais de transit, induisant une réduction considérable des coûts de transport pour les importateurs et les exportateurs et de ce fait réduisant les prix à la consommation. Cette composant est en complémentarité avec des actions envisagées par la Banque mondiale à aménager la zone frontalière à Kousséri (frontière Cameroun – Tchad), est plus particulièrement la réhabilitation de la plateforme de dédouanement tchadienne de Nguéli. En ce qui concerne les obstacles non physiques, il est envisagé par l’interconnexion du système SYDONIA dans les 7 pays de la région de renforcer les capacités des administrations douanières des états membres (voir annexe 7 pour une description du logiciel SYDONIA). Ceci permettra d’éliminer les déclarations manuelles douanières, entraînant ainsi une augmentation de la fluidité des transporteurs au passage des frontières. SYDONIA est un système de gestion des activités de la douane qui permet de traiter tous les types de procédures liées au Commerce International. Entre autres, le système traite le manifeste, les déclarations en douane, le transit et la gestion des entrepôts. SYDONIA permet aussi de produire les données du Commerce extérieur nécessaires aux analyses statistiques et économiques. Le système SYDONIA est développé par la CNUCED à Genève et le système est conforme aux standards internationaux définis L’essentiel du transport entre les Etats-membres de la CEMAC s’effectue par la voie routière, même si aucunes des capitales de la sous-région ne sont reliées entre elles par une voie goudronnée. Seul l’axe fluvial Brazzaville – Bangui est utilisé en saison des pluies pour ravitailler la capitale centrafricaine. Toutefois, l’analyse de l’évolution du trafic permet de constater que la liaison routière prend de plus en plus d’importance dans le transport régional. Les corridors prioritaires entre le port de Douala et les pays enclavés (RCA – Tchad) sont particulièrement importants pour le développement économique de ces derniers. En 2003 le port autonome de Douala a traité tonnes de trafic sur l’axeCameroun - RCA (importations et exportations) et tonnes de trafic sur l’axe Cameroun – Tchad (importations et exportations) . La plupart de ce trafic atteint sa destination finale par voie routière exclusivement. En 2000, moins de 5% du tonnage transporté entre le Cameroun et la RCA a transité par le biais du transport multimodal rail / route. L’absence de politique régionale en terme de facilitation des transports se traduit par un accroissement des prix à la consommation dans ces Etats enclavés, dus à l’augmentation des temps de transits, ce qui constitue un frein à l’intégration régionale. Le TIPAC (Transit Inter-Etats des pays de l'Afrique centrale), conçu en 1991, est une procédure administrative destinée à faciliter les échanges de marchandises par voie de surface entre les Etats de la CEMAC par une simplification des formalités douanières et une amélioration de la qualité du transport. La procédure devait initialement être expérimentée sur les corridors Douala-Bangui et Douala-Ndjaména, puis, le cas échéant, être étendue à l'ensemble des pays de la CEMAC. Elle concerne les transports de marchandises réalisés par des véhicules spécialement agréés pour ce type d'opération. Dans le cadre du TIPAC, devaient également être entreprises des actions tendant à l'harmonisation des réglementations relatives aux transports, ainsi qu'à l'amélioration des itinéraires de transit. La mise en oeuvre effective du TIPAC a connu un retard important lié essentiellement à une absence de suivi de la part des institutions régionales ainsi que des administrations nationales. Si la réglementation communautaire statuant sur la circulation des marchandises en zone CEMAC semble complète, elle n’est pas appliquée par les agents des Etats-membres de la sous région. A cela, plusieurs causes peuvent être avancées. a) La faiblesse institutionnelle des agents chargés du contrôle du transit. La majorité des "contrôleurs" est totalement démunie de moyens coercitifs et matériels. Ils n'ont aucune information concernant le trafic et ignorent à peu près tout des diverses réglementations communautaires et/ou nationales. Les contrôles en cours de route, même douaniers, ne s'inspirent d'aucune constatation d'ensemble de la recherche de la sécurité du transit. Ils sont effectués au hasard et le bilan en est négatif. Ces nombreuses barrières non tarifaires freinent considérablement les échanges intra et extra- nationaux, et en constituent des freins considérables pour les économies. b) Les postes frontaliers ne permettent pas un contrôle pertinent. Les postes frontaliers sur les « corridors de développement » ne sont pas adaptés à la mission qui est la leur. Ils ne disposent pas de l’équipement adapté, et, n’étant pas reliés à leur administration d’origine, ils ne peuvent pas réaliser un contrôle correct. En outre, chaque administration nationale dispose de son propre poste frontalier, séparés par plusieurs kilomètres. Cet éloignement permet la multiplication d’occasions de détournements divers. Il convient donc de procéder à l’établissement de postes frontaliers juxtaposés. c) L’absence d’organisation de la mise en oeuvre du TIPAC au niveau régional. Cette convention souffre en effet du manque de communication avec les acteurs régionaux pour qu’e EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

17 EC Trade Facilitation – West Africa
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – West Africa 1. Regional integration programme with West Africa €105m includes support on trade facilitation to UEMOA and ECOWAS and national customs authorities. Facilitation of Transport 9th EDF € 63.8m Project addresses main concerns identified in negotiations in field of trade facilitation Activities include institutional support, facilitation actions in favour of road, air, rail & maritime transport, transit and trade facilitation, construction of joint border control posts 1 - Main activities: Application of CET for UEMOA: impact assessment of CET on economies, elaboration of Integrated Customs Tariff, improving application of preferential RoO: validation of study Trade and transit facilitation/harmonisation of customs: updating Customs Code and bringing into compliance with Kyoto Convention, Harmonisation of national legal customs texts and bring in conformity with updated UEMOA Customs Code Cooperation and modernisation of customs administrations: establishment of coordination mechanism with UEMOA MS for fight against customs fraud, establishment of data base on customs values and customs fraud via study, improving management of resources in customs (HR, equipment): training of national HR and equipment responsible, improving communication with public: setting up national website for each national customs admin Fiscal transition/reform: consolidation of common market: elimination of and harmonisation of fiscal exonerations (training, regional seminar); Action Plan on fiscal fraud (awareness raising seminars, simplification of procedures etc),  revision of mutual administrative assistance in customs matters; Action plan on improving customs collection and fiscal receipts; Strengthening capacity (AT, training) and improving cooperation between customs and fiscal authorities in Member States 2 – Activitites - Transport and Road Transit Facilitation, including harmonisation of regulatory framework, procedures and documents; construction of infrastructure for boarder crossing; reduction of controls; improve IT system for monitoring of goods Studies on rail transport Facilitate air transport (seminars, database on air transport, studies for sector financing) Admin semplification of port transit (define action plan to develop maritime transport; reinforce maritime security as part of ISPS of Org Maritime International) ***International Ship and Port Facility Security - ISPS Following the attacks of September of 2001 the International Maritime Organization (WMO) decided to develop new security measures on ships and ports with the objective of implementing security standards with the cooperation of port personnel. This process led on December 13, 2002, to the adoption of a stricter version of the Safety of Life at Sea Convention (SOLAS) with the introduction of a new set of security guidelines. This is referred to as the International Ship and Port Facility Security – ISPS. This standard that has been in place since July 1, 2004, is to be applied to all signers of the SOLAS Convention. ISPS is a group of standards and practices covering everything from control of access to installations, preventing the access of weapons to ships and ports, action plans in the event of indications of threats, evacuation plans, etc., through the assignment of security agents to every port and shipping line and to every vessel. Under this international standard security becomes primarily the responsibility of governments, who in turn should delegate responsibility to qualified organizations or port authorities. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

18 EC Trade Facilitation – East Africa
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – East Africa € 33.5 M Regional integration support programme includes support to the establishment of a customs union € 78 M COMESA Regional Fund, a regionally owned financial compensation mechanism COMESA ICT programme (including Asycuda) € 21M Support to develop regional ICT policy Provide high-speed Internet connectivity to key regional stakeholders Upgrade to Asycuda++ at regional level and in selected countries Establish regional information portals, design websites for RIO Establishment of incubator ICT projects, transfer of skills to SMEs Design of regional transport and communication strategy, priority investment plan RISP The Regional Integration Support Programme (33,5 M€) is key to regional economic integration. It promotes the capacity of the Regional Organisations of the ESA-IO region and their Member States in policy formulation, implementation and monitoring of regional integration, multilateral and regional trade and in trade related areas. The most successful results lie in the promotion of the Free Trade Area and the Customs Union, harmonising statistical data; improving tax policies and harmonising capital markets. A priority investment plan for transport and communications is under preparation. The Automated System of Customs Data (ASYCUDA) is expanded in further 5 countries of the region. The application of ASYCUDA has led to increased custom's revenues in the participating countries, cuts down on red tape, and allows goods to cross borders faster. RISP is the first large programme in which COMESA has been trusted a Contribution Agreement, which allows the beneficiary to apply its own rules and procedures, following the successful completion of an institutional diagnostic assessment. On the COMESA Adjustment Fund (the one dealing with compensation of tariff reduction induced revenue loss): we are supporting it with a 78M contribution. We expect the first disbursement (advance payment) this year to go to Burundi and Rwanda (4.5 and 10M approximately) to compensate for their expected revenue losses as a result of them adhering to the EAC customs union and implementing the new tariffs. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

19 EC Trade Facilitation – Caribbean
The 41.6 M € Caribbean Integration Support Programme supports the Caribbean Single Market and Economy together with activities to improve regional transport and Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Supports implementation of a Common External Tariff (CET) and a Common External Trade Policy Specific customs related activities: enhancing institutional and management capabilities within customs administrations, improving operational effectiveness of procedures affecting business transactions, and increasing transparency of operations of customs services affecting cross- border transactions.

20 EC Trade Facilitation – Pacific
Included under the €11.2M PACREIP (Pacific Regional Economic Integration Programme). Includes: Customs, standards and conformance: workshops/handbook and manual on RoO for customs and trade officials, customs automation using ASYCUDA software Bio-security (SPS): drafting legislation on bio-security (pests and diseases of plants and animals), harmonisation of legislation at regional level, manual on bio-security administration and website on regulatory information Fiscal Reform: Work (studies) on fiscal reform, competition policy and regulatory reform, work on revision of customs and general tax legislation for selected PACPs is being undertaken

21 EC Trade Facilitation – Latin America
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – Latin America Key projects at regional level to support regional integration including establishment of common external tariff Central America - Andean Union I & II €15m Harmonization of Customs Procedures and Common Terminology, Implementation plan for Custom Union, Training and establishment of Central American Customs School. Andean Community €13m includes harmonization of Procedures, Common Terminology, Single Customs Document, Training, electronic data exchange system Mercosur SPS & Customs Cooperation €12m includes harmonization of Procedures, Common Terminology, Customs Single Document, Training. TF projects portfolio: € 45 million (excludes Caribbean) Complemented by activities at bilateral level eg. Mexico-EU project to support FTA – PROTLCUEM €12m includes customs issues, studies, simplification of procedures, training, study tours & equipment. Chile €5m project to support implementation of association agreement includes Customs issues: facilitation of Free Trade Agreement, studies, simplification of procedures, study tours & training. Ecuador Programme of Economic Cooperation EXPOECUADOR €10m including Customs issues: simplification of Procedures / Reduction of time, Training EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

22 EC Trade Facilitation – ASIA
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation – ASIA Included as an aspect within both bilateral and regional TRA programmes. ASEAN - Customs capacity building provided through the ASEAN Programme for Regional Integration (APRIS) € 6.8m. Customs and Trade Facilitation is one of five components Central Asia - Border Management in Central Asia (BOMCA) €25 million ( ) (Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) National support TF project portfolio: € 95 m (excludes Afghanistan) Examples of Bilateral projects: EU-China Trade Capacity Development Programme €15m - customs is 1/6 components – aims to support EU-China Customs Dialogue, awareness-raising and capacity building in relation to future Trade Facilitation commitments, uniform implementation of goods classification and valuation throughout China, enhancement of China’s risk management practices, fight against commercial fraud, fight against smuggling of counterfeit goods Vietnam European Technical Assistance project €2m and Multilateral Trade Related Assistance project €5.1m provide support on customs issues including support to the General Dept of Customs on updating of legislation particularly in areas linked to WTO, Revised Kyoto and Information Technology Agreement conventions as well as development of planning and management systems. Cambodia and Laos customs issues addressed through the WB MDTF Poverty Reduction Support Operations (EC €23m & €6.6m) as well as through the multi-donor Trade development programmes (EC €7.1m & € 4.2) intended to implement the action matrix of the DTIS (Integrated Framework) ASEAN Customs capacity building provided through the ASEAN Programme for Regional Integration (APRIS) € 6.8m. Customs and Trade Facilitation is one of five components Develop key technical documentation and implementation of an ICT feasibility study for the ASEAN Customs Transit System training on risk assessment, self assessment and pre-arrival payment systems Develop training blueprint, needs analysis and Strategic Plan of Customs Development, Customs Training Plan Feasibility study for an ASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature web site Workshops and technical assistance for implementation of the ASEAN Single Window SAARC Customs one of two components of €2.6m EU–SAARC programme of economic cooperation with assistance foreseen for the implementation of the customs action plan Support to the Regional Customs Management Group for the production of blue prints for reform of MS customs administrations as well as technical assistance so support the commencement of reforms Support to the SAARC Secretariat in overseeing the customs reform process Pilot venture in computerized international transit control between Calcutta in India and Kathmandu in Nepal, the only fully operational transit corridor with extensive lorry traffic. Central Asia Border Management in Central Asia (BOMCA) €25 million ( ) (Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan): Aims to Introduce an Integrated Border Management approach Contribute to the facilitation of legitimate trade and transit Contribute to the reduction of illicit movements of goods and persons Programme addresses issues related to border management - improvement of relevant legislation, training, study tours, funding of infrastructure, supply of equipment for upgrading of security at border crossing points, on certain parts of the green border of the countries and in selected airports. Also support training centres, & facilitates networking and regional coordination. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

23 EC Trade Facilitation - Neighbourhood
Press briefing EC Trade Facilitation - Neighbourhood Europe Support to Cross-border cooperation between EU and East Europe / Central Asia EU Border Assistance Mission to Ukraine and Moldova Support to Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia Russia – support provided for customs improvement through the cross border cooperation programme and support for approximation. Balkans Mediterranean Support Mediterranean Partners in preparation for a Euro-MED FTA, a key objective of the Barcelona Process. TF project portfolio: € 320m - EUBAM (RRM and TACIS) € EU MS provide financial contribution to EUBAM's activities through the secondment of border police and customs personnel. aims to enhance overall border and customs management capacities of Moldova and Ukraine border officials and to contribute to a peaceful solution to the Transniestria conflict. 17 EU MS provide financial contribution to EUBAM's activities through the secondment of border police and customs personnel. TRACECA: harmonise trade and transport policy between EU and TRACECA countries (east europe and central asia) along traceca corridor through cap builgind, tranining, feasibility and investemnt appraisals… Russia: support the approximation and effectiveness of the Russian rules and standards to promote Russia integration in world economy Includes focus on Trade facilitation addressing structural bottlenecks to trade, in particular, modernising the customs administrations, harmonising and simplifying import and export procedures eg. Egypt Trade Enhancement Programme €66m provides assistance to the authorities and the private sector in the field of customs reform, Syria Support to Ministry of Finance €8m for modernisation addressing customs, taxation The Europe-Mediterranean Free Trade Area (EU-MEFTA) is based on the Barcelona Process and European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The Barcelona Process, developed after the Barcelona Conference in successive annual meetings, is a set of goals designed to lead to a free trade area in the Middle East by 2010. It is envisioned that an FTA with Rules of Origin with Pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation will be created. It will cover the EU, the EFTA, the EU customs unions with third states (Turkey, Andorra, San Marino), the EU candidate states, the partners of the Barcelona Process and possibly at a later stage all of the European Neighbourhood Policy partners. [1]. The Agadir Agreement of 2004 (FTA between Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt) is seen as its first building block. Further steps are envisioned into the ENP Action plans negotiated between the European Union and the partner states on the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The initial aim is to create a matrix of Free Trade Agreements between each of the partners and the others. Then a single free trade area is to be formed, including the European Union. EuropeAid, Koos Richelle

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