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The role of the OIE in a safe and fair trade

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1 The role of the OIE in a safe and fair trade
Dr. Alex Thiermann President, Terrestrial Animal Health Code Commission World Organisation for Animal Health The role of the OIE in a safe and fair trade WTO Public Forum 2006 Geneva, CH, September 2006

2 World Organisation for Animal Health
an intergovernmental organisation founded in 1924 by 28 countries predates the U.N. World Organisation for Animal Health Organisation mondiale de la santé animale Organizacion Mundial de Sanidad Animal Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) : Common name adopted by the International Committee on May 2003

3 Americas: 29 – Africa: 50 – Europe: 49 – Middle East: 13 – Asia: 26
167 Member Countries (May 2006) Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) : In May 2004, the OIE totaled 167 Member Countries. En mai 2004, l’OIE comptait 167 Pays Membres. Americas: 29 – Africa: 50 – Europe: 49 – Middle East: 13 – Asia: 26

4 Why an SPS Agreement? Removal of non-tariff barriers to trade
GATT article XX(b) need for clearer rules Concentrate on health measures Provide rights and obligations

5 Standard-setting organisations
food safety CODEX animal health OIE plant health IPPC Codex = Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission OIE = World Organisation for Animal Health IPPC = International Plant Protection Convention (FAO)

6 OIE Objectives To ensure accurate collection and transparency in reporting the animal health situation throughout the world. Under the WTO-SPS Agreement mandate, establish standards on animal health and zoonoses for international trade in animals and animal products. To collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary information. To provide technical expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control and eradication of animal diseases. To improve the competencies and legal framework of Veterinary Services. To develop guiding principles and specific recommendations for animal welfare

7 development and updating international standards
COMMITTEE, COMMISSIONS, DELEGATES PROBLEM Specialist Commissions development and updating international standards Review Advice of experts or other Specialist Commissions Draft text 1 2 Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) : DELEGATES COMMITTEE OIE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Adoption

8 Direct costs of participation
delegates from 145/167 OIE Member Countries attended 2006 General Session registration fees waived and daily expenses paid experts participating in OIE Specialist Commissions, working groups and expert groups have their fares and expenses paid EC has made available 100,000 Euros to assist participation of experts from developing countries in standards development

9 Terrestrial Animal Health Code
Provides detailed recommendations of sanitary measures to be used by Chief Veterinary Officers of Member Countries in establishing regulations applying to the safe trade of animals and animal products, while avoiding unjustified restrictions Contains recommendations covering ruminants, swine, equidae, rabbits, bees, poultry, dogs and cats In five languages: English, French, Spanish and Russian (Arabic version recently released)

10 Evolution of OIE standards
Need to go from freedom status to risk-based Emphasis on safety of the commodity Essential role of epidemiological surveillance Strength of laboratory network Close link of surveillance to risk assessment Maximize stakeholder participation

11 Zoning and Compartmentalization
Regionalization: geographical ‘zoning’ Compartmentalization: ‘zoning’ on the basis of biosecurity in animal production systems Role of wildlife in zoning and regionalization Role of private and public sector

12 Compartment Equipment BREEDING FLOCK FEED SUPPLY Feed Equipment
Birds Feed Feed Equipment GROWING FLOCK Equipment Birds Birds Equipment Birds SLAUGHTER HOUSE GROWING FLOCK Equipment

13 Influences on standards
pressure from exporting countries for less restrictions pressure from importing countries for maximum protection consumer and NGO reactions pressure from developing countries for assistance in participating in the process

14 Importance of adherence to OIE standards
Safe trade, based on scientific risk analysis Commodity specific risk mitigation measures Provides credibility to the Veterinary Services Consistency of message to consumers Demonstrate ability to detect emerging diseases

15 International standards, conclusions
National authorities and their stakeholders must become more involved in the OIE standard setting process Authorities must implement the adopted OIE standards in their national regulations Often national industry interests and short sighted politics interfere in the implementation of science based regulations Global organizations and corporations can play a key role in the implementation of standards at national levels, as well as in the harmonization of animal health and safety of food rules

16 Animal Welfare, current reality
Globalization is becoming a force that is revolutionizing international trade The WTO recognizes the OIE as the standard-setting organization for animal health There is an important link between animal health and animal welfare However, there is no specific mention of animal welfare in the WTO agreements

17 Animal Welfare guidelines
Current guidelines: Sea transport Land transport Slaughter Killing for disease control On-going work: Fish transport and slaughter Urban dog control Laboratory animals

18 Animal Welfare predictions!
Animal welfare will increase in importance as a consumer demand and therefore international trade Acceptance and enforcement of animal welfare guidelines in international trade will be slow Animal welfare guidelines will be slowly incorporated through positive labeling The welfare in traditional farming can easily become a competitive advantage to developing countries

19 Emerging Zoonosis An emerging zoonosis is a zoonosis that is newly recognized or newly evolved, or that has occurred previously but shows an increase in incidence or expansion in a geographic, host, or vector range. Some of these diseases may further evolve and become effectively and essentially transmissible from human to human.

20 Emerging Infectious Diseases Wildlife EID Domestic Animal EID
Translocation Encroachment Introduction “Spill over” & “Spill back” Human encroachment Ex situ contact Ecological manipulation Wildlife EID Domestic Animal EID Human EID Global travel Urbanization Biomedical manipulation Agricultural Intensification Technology and Industry Dasazak P. Science :443

21 Specific Challenges for Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses
Improving the global capacity for response Improving early warning and surveillance systems using innovative technologies Improving disease reporting Improving diagnostics

22 Conclusions The era of emerging zoonoses will continue and expand.
The factors and driving forces producing this era show no sign of abatement. Local emerging diseases quickly become global. The significance and implications of emerging zoonoses are rapidly increasing in scope, scale, and importance. The convergence of human and animal health offers both important challenges and opportunities.

23 Strengthening veterinary services
OIE considers Veterinary Services to be a Global Public Good their coming into line with international standards is a public investment priority structure, organisation, resources, capacities, role of the private sector and para-professionals 2001 World Bank/OIE MOU supports this view

24 STDF global programme in capacity building and technical assistance for developing countries strategic aim is to assist countries to enhance their expertise and capacity to analyse and implement international SPS standards improving their human, animal and plant health situations improving ability to gain and maintain markets direct response to the demand to tailor technical assistance to countries’ needs not to merely provide 'generic' assistance

25 STDF 3 OIE STDF projects to date Train the trainers
Tool for evaluation of veterinary services Strengthening veterinary services in Africa (ALive)

26 Train the trainers to train a cadre of professionals capable of providing continuing training to private and public sectors adapted to the conditions, cultures and languages of each region for enhanced implementation of the SPS Agreement

27 Train the trainers training covers:
SPS Agreement including dispute settlement mechanisms, and the roles of the 3 sisters OIE standards, and its standard setting and implementation process OIE animal health information system animal production food safety and collaboration with Codex animal health risk analysis with practical examples tailored to the region evaluation of veterinary services

28 Train the trainers training will be adapted to animal health issues of greatest interest in each region initially, workshops will be attached to ‘traditional’ WTO SPS workshops aim to attract and prepare experts who are assigned at the national level to promote activities within OIE’s mandate pilot workshops have developed training DVD to be used as base material (Bamako, Bangkok, Cairo, Vienna, Colombia)

29 Strengthening Vet Services in Africa
ALive (African Livestock), a World Bank initiative focused on livestock in Africa, aims to map existing programs and fill gaps between them, and initiate others focused on poverty reduction, economic growth, research, regional and international market access, and sustainable institutions including Veterinary Services reinforces OIE’s involvement in promoting animal health, both for poverty alleviation and for the safe conduct of international trade in animals and animal products

30 Strengthening Vet Services in Africa
the livestock sector in developing countries requires greater financial and operational challenges than other agricultural sectors developed countries have a strong incentive to help control developing countries’ livestock diseases because of the likelihood of these diseases spreading internationally OIE is examining the use of ALive in all Regions facing similar concerns

31 Building a scientific community through twinning arrangements
several twinning arrangements are in place between OIE reference laboratories role of the OIE as coordinator/catalyst in these arrangements selection of priorities selection of relevant laboratories mediator/facilitator in discussions evaluation of outputs use of funds exchange of scientists organisation of workshops

32 Regional Representations
strengthening the OIE Regional Representations implementation of capacity building programmes tailored to each Region direct input into OIE Headquarters’ activities focuse on assisting new OIE Delegates

33 World organisation for animal health
Organisation mondiale de la santé animale Organizacion Mundial de Sanidad Animal 12 rue de Prony 75017 Paris, France Tel: + 33 (0) – Fax: + 33 (0) Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :

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