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The OECD Indicators on Trade Facilitation: What is the Impact of TF Measures on Trade Flows and Trade Costs ? WTO WORKSHOP ON RECENT ANALYSES OF THE DOHA ROUND Geneva, 2 November 2010
OECD measurements of trade facilitation costs and benefits A quantitative assessment of the benefits of trade facilitation, focussing on the distribution of gains among groups of countries An analysis of the costs of introducing and implementing TF measures, seeking to understand the cost implications of proposed measures in the future agreement Trade facilitation indicators, focussing on the impact of specific TF measures included in the draft agreement
TF indicators - a close connection to the WTO negotiations Following the structure of the Draft Consolidated Negotiating Text; Aiming to provide a basis for prioritizing trade facilitation actions by governments Helping mobilise technical assistance by donors in a targeted way.
Eleven Families of measures (plus one) 1.Information availability 2.Involvement of the trade community 3.Advance rulings 4.Appeal procedures 5.Fees and charges 6.Formalities – Documents 7.Formalities – Automation 8.Formalities – Procedures 9.Internal Cooperation 10.External Cooperation 11.Consularization 12.Governance and Impartiality*
Expanding coverage Currently including the 30 old OECD countries and Hong Kong, China Seeking to expand to recently acceded OECD countries, OECDs Enhanced Engagement partners and any other country interested in participating, on a voluntary basis. Database and methodology adapted to developing country concerns
Relative impact on trade flows
Contribution to the reduction of costs Aggregate TFIs
Comparison to other variables TFIs composition Aggregate TFIs
Welfare effects of trade facilitation (million USD and per cent of total) Uniformity Country, sector & trader diversity OECD- only World-wide welfare gains 384544325914053 - due to direct cost reduction 604182502650 - due to indirect cost reduction 324133500911402 OECD 69%35%103% OECD Asia-Pacific 8%7%22% OECD Europe 43%17%45% OECD North America 18%11%36% Non-OECD 31%65%-3% Former Soviet Union 2%7%-1% Middle East & North Africa 5%11%0% Latin America & Caribbean 5%13%-1% Non-OECD Asia-Pacific 16%24%-1% Sub-saharan Africa 2%7%0% Rest of World 1% 0% Source: OECD Secretariat.
Thank you OECD Trade Policy Studies Overcoming Border Bottlenecks THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF TRADE FACILITATION www.oecd.org/trade/facilitation firstname.lastname@example.org
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